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Fig (b) Coenocytic hypha Septum (a) Septate hypha Pore Nuclei Cell wall
Fig Reproductive structure Spore-producing structures Hyphae Mycelium 20 µm
Fig (b) Haustoria (a) Hyphae adapted for trapping and killing prey Nematode Plant cell wall Haustorium Plant cell plasma membrane Plant cell Fungal hypha Hyphae 25 µm
Basidium Fig SEXUAL REPRODUCTION Diploid (2n) Haploid (n) Dikaryotic (n +n) Key PLASMOGAMY Mating type (+) Haploid mycelia Dikaryotic mycelium Mating type (–) Basidia (n+n) Gills lined with basidia Basidiocarp (n+n) KARYOGAMY Diploid nuclei MEIOSIS Basidium containing four haploid nuclei Dispersal and germination Basidiospores (n) Basidium with four basidiospores Basidiospore 1 µm Haploid mycelia
Fig Shelf fungi, important decomposers of wood Maiden veil fungus (Dictyphora), a fungus with an odor like rotting meat Puffballs emitting spores
Fig Chytrids (1,000 species) Zygomycetes (1,000 species) Hyphae 25 µm Glomeromycetes (160 species) Fungal hypha Ascomycetes (65,000 species) Basidiomycetes (30,000 species)
Fig a Chytrids (1,000 species) Hyphae 25 µm
Fig Flagellum 4 µm
Fig Rhizopus growing on bread SEXUAL REPRODUCTION Young zygosporangium (heterokaryotic) Gametangia with haploid nuclei Mating type (–) Mating type (+) Diploid (2n) Haploid (n) Heterokaryotic (n + n) PLASMOGAMY Key Diploid nuclei Zygosporangium 100 µm KARYOGAMY MEIOSIS Sporangium Spores Dispersal and germination ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION Dispersal and germination Sporangia Mycelium 50 µm
Fig Tuber melanosporum, a truffle Morchella esculenta, the tasty morel
Fig Key Haploid (n) Diploid (2n) Dikaryotic (n + n) Conidiophore Mycelium ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION Germination Hypha PLASMOGAMY Haploid spores (conidia) Conidia; mating type (–) Mating type (+) SEXUAL REPRODUCTION Dikaryotic hyphae Ascus (dikaryotic) Mycelia KARYOGAMY Diploid nucleus (zygote) Germination Asci Dispersal Ascocarp Eight ascospores Four haploid nuclei MEIOSIS
Fig Staphylococcus Zone of inhibited growth Penicillium
Fig µm Parent cell Bud
Fig A foliose (leaflike) lichen A fruticose (shrublike) lichen Crustose (encrusting) lichens
Fig Algal cell Ascocarp of fungus Soredia Fungal hyphae Fungal hyphae Algal layer 20 µm
Chapter 25 Fungi. Fig Fig Reproductive structure Spore-producing structures Hyphae Mycelium 20 µm.
Fig Honey Mushroom, Oregon, subterranean filaments =1,800 football fields Ch. 31 Fungi.
Objective: Kingdom Fungi. Fig Fungi Characteristics The most common body structures are multicellular filaments and single cells (yeasts) Eukaryotes.
Fungi Chapter 31. Fungi More closely related to animals than plants Unicellular Most are multi-cellular Tropics to tundra Aquatics to terrestrial.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Overview: Mighty Mushrooms Chapter 31 Fungi are diverse and widespread.
Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Chapter 31 Fungi.
Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint Lectures for Biology, Seventh Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece.
What is the biggest organism in this Oregonian forest?
Lecture #4 Fungi. “The Mighty Mushroom” take a walk through a forest mushrooms are truly are the largest organisms in the forest Kingdom Fungi: – not.
Mr. Karns AP biology for Biology, Seventh Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Chapter 31 Fungi.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Overview: Mighty Mushrooms Fungi are diverse and widespread They are.
LECTURE PRESENTATIONS For CAMPBELL BIOLOGY, NINTH EDITION Jane B. Reece, Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, Robert.
Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Chapter 31: Fungi - Mighty Mushrooms Fungi are diverse and widespread They are.
Kingdom Fungi Eukaryotic, cell walls made of chitin, saprophytic or parasitic and essential as decomposers.
“The Mighty Mushroom” take a walk through a forest mushrooms are truly are the largest organisms in the forest Kingdom Fungi: – not just mushrooms! – approximately.
Fungi. Fungal Characteristics: Eukaryotic Multicellular Kingdom Feed by Absorptive Nutrition Tubular cell shape, called Hyphae –Septate or aseptate hyphae.
Fungi. Fleshy fungi Yeasts Molds –Hyphae (long filaments of joined cells) –Mycelium (intertwined mass of hyphae)
True Fungi break down dead organic material provide numerous drugs foods like mushrooms Plant and animal diseases.
Overview: Mighty Mushrooms Fungi are diverse and widespread They are essential for the well-being of most terrestrial ecosystems because they break down.
Fungi Lab. Tentative Phylogeny Fig 28.8 Generalized fungal lifecycle Spore-producing structures Spores ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION GERMINATION Zygote Mycelium.
Classification of Fungi. Fungi are more closely related to animals than plants: Animals and fungi have flagellate cells Animals and fungi have flagellate.
Diversity of Fungi More than 100,000 species of fungi are known and mycologists estimate that there are actually about 1.5 million species worldwide. Molecular.
Fungi. General Characteristics Primarily terrestrial Filamentous –__________ Coenocytic (aseptate) septate –mycelium –Haustoria – specialized parasitic.
Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Body Structure The morphology of multicellular fungi – Enhances ability to absorb.
Fungi Decomposers, Mutualists, and Killers. Fungi –(most) degrade dead organic matter –form nutritional partnerships with most vascular plants & some.
Kingdom Fungi Chapter 26. Learning Objective 1 What are the distinguishing characteristics of kingdom Fungi? What are the distinguishing characteristics.
We are fun-guys!. Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Fungi are diverse and widespread 100,000 described.
Fungi Level 1 Biological Diversity Jim Provan Campbell: Chapter 31.
Fungi. Shared Characteristics Distinctive fungal features – Fungi are heterotrophs. – Fungi have several cell types. – Some fungi have a dikaryon stage.
BIO 112 Lab Review Topic 6 Fungal Diversity. Kingdom Fungi Phylum Basidiomycota Class Basidiomycetes fruiting body mycelium: __________ special reproductive.
1. Characteristics 2 Eukaryotes Most are saprobes (live on dead organisms) Grow best in warm, moist environments Mycology is the study of fungi.
Kingdom Fungi The characteristics of fungi The characteristics of fungi The evolution of the fungi The evolution of the fungi Fungal classification Fungal.
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