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War in Korea By: Isabella de Jesus and Anna Marie Jennings.

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1 War in Korea By: Isabella de Jesus and Anna Marie Jennings

2 Vocabulary and Major People 38 th parallel- a line that crosses Korea at 38 degrees north latitude and separates North and South Korea Douglas MacArthur- leader of the UN’s Joint Command, made up of 15 nations who fought alongside the South Korean army

3 Vocabulary and Major People Kim Il Sung- communist dictator of North Korea during and after the war Kim Jong Il- the son of Kim Il Sung. He ascended to power of North Korea in 1994 after his father’s death

4 Korea Post World War II The end of WWII left Korea as a divided nations, with a Soviet- controlled North and the non- Communist south A division at the 38 th parallel still separates the nations today Tensions were high between the North and the South, primarily as a result of conflicting political views

5 Soviet Involvement Koreans surrendered to the Soviets and then the Soviets withdraw Provided North Korea with military aid (weapons, tanks, airplanes, money) This drove the attack by North Korea on South Korea This attack tested the United State’s policy of containment in South Korea

6 Chinese Involvement The UN troops aiding the Americans and South Korea began pushing North Korea back into Chinese territory China felt threatened and sent 300,000 troops to aid the North Koreans The Chinese pushed the UN out of North Korea and eventually captured Seoul, the capital of South Korea

7 The United States and South Korea Truman practicing containment in South Korea which was being tested by the Soviets supplying North Korea with weapons The U.S. occupied South Korea to help prevention of a communist government The U.S. troops worked with UN troops to gain back Seoul and push the North Koreans back to the 38 th parallel

8 Effects of the War It took 2 years for UN forces to drive the North Koreans back to the 38 th parallel. Once this was successful, the UN troops got back control of South Korea, and these forces signed a cease-fire agreement with North Korea. The end result of the war was the establishment of a border near the 38 th parallel, which is very close to where it was initially.

9 Effects of the War North Korea: Collective farms established by Kim Il Sung Industry and military power were also built up Once power was shifted to Kim Jong Il, the country faced serious economic problems, and shortages of food and energy are still major issues today South Korea: Prospered from much aid, provided by the US and other non-Communist nations In 1987, South Korea adopted a democratic constitution with free elections, while continuing to have dictatorships Extreme economic growth during the 1980s and 1990s South Korea remains diplomatic towards North Korea, and has even joined other countries in sending food

10 United Nations and the Korean War United States brought the 1950 invasion of South Korea before the UN Security Council soon after it happened The Security Council met on June 25 th, the same day as the attack Russian delegation boycotting the United Nations and therefore did not attend. Since the Soviets were in control of (and strongly agreed with) North Korea, their absence meant they would not be able to veto whatever solutions were proposed

11 United Nations and the Korean War 15 Member states became part of the Joint Command, which helped to fight with the South Korean Army, under the control of Douglas MacArthur Many invasions and attacks occurred for the following few years, until a ceasefire agreement was signed in July 1953 As a result of all that had happened, America presented a new resolution titled Uniting for Peace

12 Key Questions 1.What was Douglas MacArthur’s role in the Korean War? 2.What drove North Korea’s attack on the South? 3.Why did China get involved in the Korean war? 4.Who was the leader of South Korea? 5.With who's aid did the U.S. recapture Seoul with?

13 Key Questions 6.How did the Korean War affect the division of the Koreas? 7.How was North Korea affected by the war? 8.What changes occurred in the infrastructure of South Korea? 9.How did the Russian delegation’s boycott of the UN affect the decisions made during the June 1950 sessions of the Security Council? 10.What was the final result of the war, and when did it end?

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