Presentation on theme: "February 27, 2012 Let’s Look at the Data— is there poverty in the paradise we call home?"— Presentation transcript:
February 27, 2012 Let’s Look at the Data— is there poverty in the paradise we call home?
How Do We Describe or Define Poverty?
#1 “The Federal Poverty Level”
Persons in family/householdPoverty Guideline 1$11,170 2$15, ,090 4$23,050 5$27,010 6$30, HHS Poverty Guidelines for the Contiguous States and the District of Columbia: The-- “Federal Poverty Level” * Published Annually by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
The Annual Federal Poverty Guideline is used to determine eligibility for: Head Start Food Stamps (SNAP) Free/Reduced School Lunch Program (NSLP) Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP)
From the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau Report National Poverty Rate = 15.1% (46.2 million) up from 14.3% in 2009 Number of people Without Health Insurance = 49.9 million (16.3%), up from 49 million in 2009 Household Median Income declined to $49,445 in 2010; a 2.3% decline from 2009 Child Poverty (under age 18) increased from 20.7% to 22% in 2010
JurisdictionTotal Population Number in Poverty % in Poverty STATE7,507,437766, Bedford County 72,6536, Franklin County 50,0766, Poverty Data from 2008 for Virginia, Bedford and Franklin Counties – using Federal Poverty Level for 2008
#2 “Living Wage”
Living Wage Calculation for Franklin County* *From Penn State University Hourly WageOne AdultTwo AdultsTwo Adults & Two Children Living Wage$6.68$10.75$23.19 Poverty Wage$5.04$6.49$9.83 Minimum Wage $7.25 Assumes one working adult. If two work at poverty wages, hourly amount becomes $ If two work for minimum wage, hourly amount becomes $15.50 In both cases, the combined income of two household members still puts their income below the living wage level
Typical Expenses for Living Wage Calculations Food = $676 Child Care = $827 Medical = $386 Housing = $535 Transportation = $794 Other = $592 Annual Household Income Required One AdultTwo AdultsTwo Adults & Two Children Before Taxes$13,892$22,364$48,231 Poverty level$10,483$13,499$20,446 Minimum Wage$15,080 Franklin County *Expenses estimated for two adults & two children Monthly after-tax income required = $3,810
Living Wage Calculation for Bedford County* *From Penn State University Hourly WageOne AdultTwo AdultsTwo Adults & Two Children Living Wage$8.15$13.11$28.21 Poverty Wage$5.04$6.49$9.83 Minimum Wage $7.25 Assumes one working adult. If two work at poverty wages, hourly amount becomes $ If two work for minimum wage, hourly amount becomes $15.50 In both cases, the combined income of two household members still puts their income below the living wage level
Typical Expenses for Living Wage Calculations Food = $756 Child Care = $1,104 Medical = $372 Housing = $595 Transportation = $958 Other = $786 Annual Household Income Required One AdultTwo AdultsTwo Adults & Two Children Before Taxes$16,944$27,271$59,088 Poverty level$10,483$13,499$20,446 Minimum Wage$15,080 Bedford County *Expenses estimated for two adults and two children Monthly after-tax income required = $4,571
#3 “Food Insecurity”
Data about Bedford & Franklin Counties Food Insecurity Rates (from Feed America report) - lack of access to enough food to fully meet basic needs at all times… Franklin County – 13.5% 23.5% for Children – 75% of these are eligible for Federal Nutrition Programs, BUT – 25% are ineligible!!! - Household income above 185% of poverty level.
Food Insecurity Rates - continued Bedford County – 17.6% 19.0% for children – 53% eligible for Federal Nutrition Programs, BUT – 47% ineligible (above 185% of Federal Poverty Level)
#4 “Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program” (SNAP) Used to be called the Food Stamp Program
Data about SNAP funded entirely by the federal government to be eligible—total monthly income at or below 130% of the federal poverty line In Virginia—760,000 people used SNAP in 2010 Average Household benefit = $253.50/month Over $1 billion provided to Virginians in 2010 In Bedford Cnty—9,462 people used SNAP (2010) In Franklin Cnty—10,815 people used SNAP (2010)
#5 National School Lunch Program “the Free or Reduced-Price Lunch Pgm.”
The Free/Reduced Lunch Program provided lunches to 31 million kids each day in 2010 Schools get cash subsidies and food from the USDA for each meal they serve income below 130% of poverty level = free lunch. incomes between 130 and 185% of poverty = reduced-price lunch; cost to child no more than 40 cents. in 2012, 130% of poverty line for family of four is $29,055; 185% is $41,348 Cost of program in FY 2010 = $10.8 billion
Data for Children Served by SML Good Neighbors – Three Schools in Franklin County and Three in Bedford County (revised 2/26/2012) SchoolTotal - eligible children for National School Lunch Program Total % - eligible children for National School Lunch Program Body Camp Elementary % Huddleston Elementary % Moneta Elementary % Burnt Chimney E.S % Dudley E.S % Windy Gap E.S %
The total number of children in these six (6) schools who are eligible for the National School Lunch Program (free/reduced) is: and this is just for children below 185% of the federal poverty level – SML Good Neighbors worked with 161 children in 2011… there is much left to do.
Bedford SchoolsFranklin Schools Number of Schools2117 Number of Schools with more than 50% on Free/Reduced Meals 79 % of schools greater than 50% 33%53% Total % on Free/Reduced – All Schools, K % (27% Free=130% of poverty level ) 50.09% (42% Free130% of poverty level) Highest Percentage73.54% = Body Camp Elementary 72.96% = Sontag Elementary Lowest Percentage12.35% = Jefferson Forest High School 27.33% = Boones Mill Elementary Summary – Percentage of Children and Schools— K-12—on Free/Reduced Meals Program in Bedford and Franklin Counties. Data from Virginia Dept. of Education; 1/26/2012
Other assistance programs for low- income people: TANF—Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Joint Federal & State In Virginia (2010) Fed = $70,241,583; State = $59,279,668 79,499 recipients in 2010 Goal is assisting with move to employment
FAMIS – Family Access to Medical Insurance Security (children only) Virginia’s version of CHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Program) affordable health care for children of eligible families Federal govt. pays 65% = $132,819,331 in 2010 (Virginia) In January 2011, 564,000 VA children were enrolled Family income <200% of poverty level
WIC provides Federal grants to States for supplemental foods, health care referrals, and nutrition education for low-income (below 185% of poverty level) pregnant, breastfeeding, and non-breastfeeding postpartum women, and to infants and children up to age five who are found to be at nutritional risk. Children have always been the largest category of WIC participants. Of the 9.17 million people who received WIC benefits each month in FY 2010, approximately 4.86 million were children, 2.17 million were infants, and 2.14 million were women.
Help close to home- these agencies provide charity. The challenge is to plant seeds that lead to reduction in the need for charity, LCM Helping Hands Heavenly Manna Agape STEP DSS in both counties Rescue Mission of Roanoke Free Clinics
Personal Experiences with Good Neighbors LCM The Poverty Diet