Presentation on theme: "Housing and the Justice Involved"— Presentation transcript:
1Housing and the Justice Involved Robert K. Merwine – Director PCCD’s Office of Criminal Justice System ImprovementsHonorable John Zottola – Judge of Court of Common Pleas, Allegheny CountyPatty Griffin, PhD. – Senior Consultant PA Mental Health and Justice Center of ExcellenceTerry Moloney Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse ServicesJune 14, 2013
2Who Are We and What Do We Do? Pennsylvania Commission on Crimeand Delinquency (PCCD)Who Are We and What Do We Do?State Administering Agency (SAA) for the Commonwealth.Serves as the justice planning agency for Pennsylvania and administers federal and state justice funds.PCCD administers approximately $100 million annually to support initiatives in the areas of Victim Services, Juvenile Justice, and Criminal Justice.
3to reduce crime and victimization. PCCD MissionThe mission of the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency is to enhance the quality of criminal and juvenile justice systems, facilitate the delivery of services to victims of crime and assist communities to develop and implement strategiesto reduce crime and victimization.
4PCCD – Advisory Committees Mark R ZimmerChairmanResearch, Evaluation, Data Collection, and Analysis Advisory Committee(REDCAAC)Criminal Justice Population Projections Committee(CJPPC)Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Committee(JJDPC)Criminal Justice Advisory Committee(CJAC)Mental Health and Justice Advisory Committee(MHJAC)Victims Services Advisory Committee(VSAC)Senior Citizens Advisory Committee(SCAC)06/2013
5PCCD - OCJSI Office of Criminal Justice System Improvements Bureau of Training ServicesConstablesDeputy SheriffsTechnologyOffice of Criminal Justice System ImprovementsCounty Planning UnitGrants AdministrationRe-entry UnitLaw Enforcement Unit
6Criminal Justice Advisory Boards (CJABs) and Housing CJABs are groups of top-level county officials which address criminal justice issues from a systemic and policy level perspective. CJABs study best practices in the administration and delivery of criminal justice and recommend ways in which public agencies can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the criminal justice system within a county.In 2008, PCCD through its work with CJABs, identified the issue of individuals with mental illness languishing in county prisons.
7PCCD and the Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (OMHSAS)In an effort to address the issue of justice-involved individuals with mental illness, PCCD partnered with Department of Public Welfare (DPW) / OMHSAS.Through this new found partnership, the following initiatives were funded:Ten Mental Health Courts;Mental Health Procedures Act (MHPA) Training;Statewide Forensic Peer Support Training;Forensic Peer Support Training at Department of Corrections; andFive County Housing projects.
8PCCD and the Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services In 2011, PCCD awarded in excess of $700,000 to support housing initiatives in the following five counties:Fayette County – Housing and Support Services;Greene County – Master Leasing project;Montgomery County – Master Leasing project;Philadelphia – Master Leasing; andUnion County – Justice Bridge Housing program.
9Housing Alliance of Pennsylvania PCCD and theHousing Alliance of PennsylvaniaSince 2011, PCCD and OMHSAS have worked in conjunction with the Housing Alliance to co-sponsor the Homes Within Reach Conference to raise awareness among the housing community.
10Housing Alliance of Pennsylvania PCCD and theHousing Alliance of PennsylvaniaConference topics included:Coming Home – A Veteran’s PerspectiveTimes Up – Planning for Successful Re-entryThe Unspoken Reality - Housing and Supervision of Sex OffendersHousing and Justice for AllIn addition, successful county housing initiatives were highlighted.
11Mental Health and Justice Advisory Committee (MHJAC) Honorable John Zottola,Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, Allegheny County
12Mental Health and Justice Advisory Committee (MHJAC) MHJAC, Chaired by Judge Zottola, Allegheny County Court of Common Pleas, was created in July 2009, to provide guidance and structure and ensure that Pennsylvania's criminal justice/mental health activities are coordinated across the state and that counties receive the guidance and support necessary to implement effective responses.
13Mental Health and Justice Advisory Committee (MHJAC) MHJAC membership includes representatives from state agencies, county leadership, the courts, district attorneys, public defenders, consumers and families, and other criminal justice and mental health advocates and practitioners from across the Commonwealth.
14MHJAC Housing Subcommittee To address the issue of lack of housing for the target population, a Housing Subcommittee was formed under MHJAC to help guide the Committee’s efforts in identifying and promoting best practices.
15Mental Health and Justice Advisory Committee (MHJAC) Senate Bill 128
16Mental Health and Justice Advisory Committee (MHJAC) European / American Prison Project
17Mental Health and Justice Advisory Committee (MHJAC) One major initiative established through MHJAC, was the creation of the Mental Health and Justice Center of Excellence (CoE).The CoE was established in November 2009, through a competitive grant application process and awarded to Drexel University, to reduce justice involvement for people with mental illness and co-occurring substance use disorders by working with Pennsylvania’s communities to identify points at which an interception can be made to prevent this group from entering deeper into the justice system.
18Mental Health and Justice Advisory Committee (MHJAC) The CoE is a collaboration between Drexel University’s Department of Psychology and University of Pittsburgh’s Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic.
19Patty Griffin, PhD Pennsylvania MH & Justice Center of Excellence Housing Needs for Criminal Justice/ Behavioral Health Populations In PennsylvaniaPatty Griffin, PhDPennsylvania MH & Justice Center of Excellence
20National PictureHigh rates of people with serious mental illness being admitted to our jailsMost recent research (Steadman, Osher, et al, 2009):Estimates 16.9% of all jail admissions have a serious mental illness14.5% of males31.0% of femalesThree to six times the prevalence of serious mental illness in the general populationHigh rates of co-occurring substance use disorders and other challenges including trauma, medical problems, and homelessnessLong lengths of stay in jail and significant criminal recidivismMany challenges for behavioral health, criminal justice, social services, and housing systemsEspecially in finding ways to collaborate effectively to address this issue
23Workshop Tasks Nurture cross-system collaboration Map the local system Inventory current resources, gaps, and opportunitiesAgree on prioritiesBuild an Action Plan
24Day 1: Creating a Local Cross-Systems Map Brings together key stakeholders to tap into local expertisePartnership with local Criminal Justice Advisory BoardCreates a local map using the Sequential Intercept ModelVisually depicts local systemIdentifies:Existing local services and processesGaps in servicesStrengths to build upon --- opportunities and resourcesDataIssues considered important to local stakeholdersHelps everyone see the “big picture” and how they fitHelps diverse groups from various systems understand where/how everything fitsIntercepts provide manageable venues and opportunities for systems interventions
30Blair County - Top 8 Priorities Development of a Mental Health Court (20 Votes)Determine when assessments are neededHousing (18)Disperse assessments to the correct individualsMental Health First Aid (16)Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Development (9)Access to medication and psychiatric appointments upon re-entry (15)Expediting access to Medical Assistance Benefits (8)Sobering Stations (12)Level of Care Behavioral Health Assessments as early as possible in the criminal justice system (10)
31Cross Systems Mapping Workshops What We’ve Learned About PennsylvaniaCross Systems Mapping Workshops
32Common Gaps in Services Intercept 1Law enforcement agencies are interested in mental health training but have limited time for trainingLaw enforcement officers spend hours waiting with individuals at local hospitalLack of detoxification and sobering servicesIntercept 2Lack of pretrial servicesProblems with video arraignment equipmentIntercept 3Many jail admissions requiring detoxificationLimited treatment staffMedical Assistance benefits terminated after admissionIntercept 4Significant gaps in aftercare medicationLimited continuity of careLimited re-entry effortsFew systematic efforts to reinstate or start Medial Assistanceand/or Social Security benefitsIntercept 5Not enough housing
33Most Common County Priorities Develop and/or expand training at Intercept OneCrisis Intervention Team (CIT)Mental Health First AidFormalize detoxification procedureReduce strain on hospitals, jails, and law enforcementImprove continuity of care from local jails to communityAftercare MedsRe-activation of benefitsPsychiatric AppointmentsExpand housing optionsImprove information sharing across systems
34Common Gaps in HousingSome individuals stay longer in jail because they do not have housing available (“Our County Jail becomes our housing unit for the mentally ill”)Very limited accessible housing options for the forensic SMI populationHousing Authority do not except applications from felonies and long waiting period for applicants with misdemeanorsRely heavily on private landlords that are often unwilling to take this populationMany state inmates max out because they can’t develop a home plan (no housing)County MH/MR funding cuts have decreased local behavioral health services, especially in the Forensic Housing Program
35Counties Next Steps/Action Plans for Housing York County:Develop a clearer picture of the housing needs for currently incarcerated population (York)Identify how many currently incarcerated individuals were homeless prior to arrestLook at the folks currently seeking housing each month (from the jail) and examine the breakdown of mental health and substance use needsBegin to identify housing needs during intake (develop specific code for ‘homeless’)Look at how many parole plans are denied because of lack of housingExamine specific housing needs of MH Court participants
36Counties Next Steps/Action Plans for Housing 9 counties --- Cameron, Clarion, Clearfield, Elk, Forest, Jefferson, McKean, Potter, WarrenMaster Leasing/Bridge Subsidy ProgramDesigned to house individuals ineligible for other federal housing (including those ineligible due to previous criminal activity)Bridge subsidies to keep individuals housed while working with case managers to develop plan for permanent housingContact: Penny Campbell
37Counties’ Next Steps/Action Plans for Housing Westmoreland County:A Local Housing Options Team (LHOT) meets on a regular basis to coordinate housing services.The LHOT brings together stakeholders in the community to identify gaps and barriers to housing for targeted and complex populations and works towards using existing resources in the community and developing new ones to meet the housing needs of the county.
38Ways CoE Can help – Technical Assistance Specialized searches of resourcesEducational sessions for multiple localesHands-on assistance to individual localesData collection, data management and program evaluationData analysis assistanceConsultation regarding reportingFostering peer-to-peer networks, state-wide, and nationally
39Ways CoE Can Help – Resource Website Links to relevant and important informationPractical toolsFunding announcementsData collection/management toolsCounty-specific informationLinks to census and crime dataProgram informationReports from the mapping workshopsForum for cross-county communication
41Final Report Cross-systems picture Available for wide distribution Drexel University &University of PittsburghBlair CountyReport of the Cross-Systems Mapping WorkshopJune 8th and 9th , 2011Transforming Services for Persons with Mental Illness in Contact with the Criminal Justice SystemCross-systems pictureAvailable for wide distributionProvided in PDF and Word formatsCounty-Specific Narrative for each interceptGaps and OpportunitiesAction PlanResource for local Criminal Justice Advisory Board’s planningSupport for future funding applicationsReference/resource materials included
42Pennsylvania Mental Health and Justice For more information:Pennsylvania Mental Health and JusticeCenter of ExcellencePatty Griffin, PhD, Senior Consultant
43Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (OMHSAS) Terry Moloney Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services
44Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (OMHSAS) OMHSAS provides community alternatives to Pennsylvanians with SMI, including those at risk of homelessness and involvement with the Criminal Justice System.
45Housing and the Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (OMHSAS) PA continues to make strides in addressing the unnecessary institionalization of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) in state psychiatric hospitals.The census in PA’s state psychiatric hospitals has declined dramatically from 35,100 in 1966 to about 1,600 in 2012.We recognize that many individuals with SMI can live successfully in the community if they have appropriate supports and services.
46Housing and OMHSASOMHSAS provides community alternatives to Pennsylvanians with mental illness, including those at risk of homelessness and those involved in the criminal justice system.During the past 5 years, OMHSAS has implemented a Permanent Supportive Housing (PSH) Initiative that utilizes local, state, and federal resources to expand affordable, supportive housing and residential programs for adults.53 counties have made reinvestment resources available as part of the OMHSAS Permanent Supportive Housing initiative.
47Housing Reinvestment Strategies OMHSASHousing Reinvestment StrategiesBetween —Counties have reinvested approximately $102 million in OMHSAS approved housing strategies – including $33 million in capital funds, and $32 million in Bridge and Master Leasing Subsidies.Counties vary significantly in the percentages of those serviced who come from the targeted populations, i.e. people in institutions or community residential programs, homeless youth aging out of child serving systems, and the forensic population.Since April 2012, fully or partial reinvestment-funded housing programs have served approximately 3,000 households.
48Reinvestment Strategy - Bridge Subsidy OMHSASReinvestment Strategy - Bridge SubsidyBridge—Short term tenant based rental subsidy intended from the start to be a “bridge” to more permanent housing.Counties have committed funds for 686 bridge rental subsidies. Of that number 223 have been funded and are being placed in service in 2012.
49Reinvestment Strategy - Master Leasing OMHSASReinvestment Strategy - Master LeasingMaster Leasing—Leasing units from private owners and subleasing—and subsidizing these units to consumers.Master leasing is often used for consumers with criminal histories or poor tenancy histories.11 counties have arranged for 331 people to get rental units through master leasing programs.
50Reinvestment Strategy - Capital OMHSASReinvestment Strategy - CapitalThe use of Reinvestment funds as capital financing to create targeted permanent supportive housing units.Ten county programs and the 23 Behavioral Health county contract option program have committed funds to capital projects.
51Other Housing Reinvestment Strategies OMHSASOther Housing Reinvestment StrategiesHousing Support Services – Temporary funding for support services until permanent funds can be identified.Contingency Funds – For one-time and emergency costs such as security deposits for apartments or utilities, or to pay back rent or utility costs.Clearinghouse – To manage outreach and referralto one of the reinvestment housing options.