Presentation on theme: "MADEIRA 2009 1. Spanish educational system 2. Administration and management model of Schools 3. Working time table of your teachers 4. Teachers Evaluation."— Presentation transcript:
MADEIRA 2009 1. Spanish educational system 2. Administration and management model of Schools 3. Working time table of your teachers 4. Teachers Evaluation
Pre-Primary Education Up to the age of 6, children can attend pre-primary schools, which are divided into two stages (0-3,3-6 years). No tuition fees in the second stage (3-6), but parents contribute to the cost of textbooks, meals and transportation.
Compulsory full-time education Stages: –(Educación Primaria) Primary Education 6-12 years. –(Educación Secundaria Obligatoria) Lower Secondary Education 12-16 years.
Primary Education To enter, children must be 6 years old. Free of charge in publicly funded schools. Schools open 5 days a week, 5 hours daily, 180 days a year. Maximum size class is 28 pupils. Methodology is global and interdisciplinary. Students can repeat course once
Pre-higher education Duration of compulsory education: Age of entry: 6 Age of exit: 16 Structure of school system: Primary Type of school providing this education: Primary School Length of program in years: 6 Age level from: 6 to: 12 STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM
Secondary Type of school providing this education: Compulsory Secondary School (Private or public schools) Length of program in years: 4 Age level from: 12 to: 16 Certificate/diploma awarded: Graduado en Educación Secundaria Higher Secondary Type of school providing this education: Post Compulsory Secondary (Enseñanza Secundaria Post Obligatoria) (Institutos de Educación Secundaria, Colegios Privados y Colegios Concertados) Length of program in years: 2 Age level from: 16 to 18 Certificate/diploma awarded: Título de Bachillerato or Título de Técnico STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM
Curricular Content in Primary Education Science. Art Education. Physical Education. Spanish Language. The other official Language of the Autonomus Community. Foreing Language. Mathematics. Religion (voluntary for the pupils).
Lower Secondary Education Students transfer automatically from Primary to Lower Secondary Education. Free of charge in publicly funded schools. Schools open 5 days a week, 6 hours daily, 175 days in a year. Maximum size class is 33 pupils. Students can repeat course twice There is a different program for those students with special needs
Curricular Content in Lower Secondary Education Social Studies, Geography and History. Art Education. Physical Education. Spanish Language and Literature The other official Language and Literature of the Autonomus Community. Foreing Languages. Mathematics. Science Religion (voluntary for the pupils).
Upper secondary and post- secondary education. Bachillerato (general Upper Secondary Education). Formación profesional Específica de grado medio (intermediate-level Specific Vocational training) Age 16-18. Students must hold a certificate of secondary education. No tuition fees in publicly funded establishments, but parents pay for materials, transportation or meals.
Curricular Content in Bachillerato Three types of Bachillerato: Fine Arts, Science and Health, Humanities and Social Studies. Compulsory Subjects for all pupils: –Spanish Language and Literature. –Autonomus Community Language and Literature. –History / Geography - Latin / Greek –Philosophy. - Physics –Foreing Language. - Biology / Geology –Physical Education. - Math
Curricular Content in Specific Vocational Training The basic national guidelines are laid down by the Autonomous Communities Educational Authorities. Curriculum includes theoretical and practical training organized on a modular basis.
Higher Education. University Advanced-level of Fine Art Education (Enseñanzas Artísticas de Grado Superior). Advanced-level of Specific Vocational Training (Formación Profesional Específica de Grado Superior). Other very specific specialized institutions.
Higher Education Qualifications. University : –Diplomado (3 years) –Licenciado (3+2 years) Bachelor of Arts /Science –Doctor (3+2+2 years +thesis) Doctrine degree (PHD) Art Education : –Técnico Superior Certificate. –Higher Certificate. Specific Vocational Training: –Técnico Superior Certificate.
2.ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT MODEL OF SCHOOLS
72% public sector schools. 25% private sector institutions financed with public funds.Most of them related to religious institutions. 3% fully private schools
2.ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT MODEL OF SCHOOLS These percentages represent the average in the country but it is necessary to highlight that there are great differences depending on the region related to the political party in government. Central government retains responsibility for the general regulation of the system. Certain responsibilities have been developed to the 17 regional governments (Autonomous Communities).
2.ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT MODEL OF SCHOOLS Public schools. They are basically divided in –Primary schools called CEIP (including Kindergarden) –Secondary school called IES (including upper secondary) Both of them are managed by a direction team who is apointed by the General Administration between some candidates in competence who has to elaborate a Direction Project for 4 years (and renewable twice) The teachers and non-teaching staff are civil servants.
2.ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT MODEL OF SCHOOLS Private schools financed by public funds called “Concertados” They are specially successful in big cities, leaded by religious institutions. Admission criteria and rest of regulations are established by the government. The institution appoint and contract all the staff but the government set the salaries and pay. Teachers´s wages are lower than in public education
Administrative control Fully private institutions Their presence is scarcely 3% and located in the great metropolis like Madrid, Barcelona or Seville The control by the Administration is none, excepting the general test for students to access to public universities. Their organization is not subject to any rule from the educational authorities.
3.WORKING TIME TABLE OF THE TEACHERS TOTAL = 35 HOURS PER WEEK REGULAR PRESENCE= 25 NON-REGULAR PRESENCE = 5 NON ON-SITE TIME = 5
3.WORKING TIME TABLE OF THE TEACHERS REGULAR PRESENCE=25 """CHALK"" HOURS"=18 GUARDS=3 TO 5 ADMINISTRATIVE TASKS=1 TO 4 WEEKLY MEETINGS=1 TO 4DEPENDING ON THE CHARGE
3.WORKING TIME TABLE OF THE TEACHERS (IES) "REDUCTIONS” These hours have to be discounted from that so called “chalk”hours but no from presence. TUTORS=1 CHIEFS OF DEPARTMENT=3 STRATEGIC PROJECTS COORDINATION=6 TO 16 DEPENDING ON THE SIZE OF THE SCHOOL DIRECTION TEAM=24 TO 48 TO SHARE BETWEEN THE WHOLE TEAM AND DEPENDING ON THE SIZE OF THE SCHOOL TEACHERS OLDER THAN 55 YEARS=2
3.WORKING TIME TABLE OF THE TEACHERS NON- REGULAR HOURS -Extra school time activities with students -Formation courses - Others They are supposed to be computed monthly (20 h)
Training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers Primary Education is taught by maestros (school teachers) who are responsible for all the areas at this level and who work with children aged 6 to 12. The teaching of Music, Physical Education, Religion, foreign languages or those other subjects that can be determined will be taught by maestros with the appropriate specialization. TEACHERS
Training of secondary school teachers To become a teacher you need a degree of Bachelor of Science/Arts, and must hold the Teaching Course (CAP) as well. TEACHERS
The evaluation in Spain is focused on the schools in general but not on the teachers. It only exists regular evaluation (every year) for headmasters and for beginners teachers just to become a civil servant. Headmasters are evaluated every course by General Inspection and every four years by the School Council (that include parents, teachers, students and non-teaching staff).
4.TEACHERS EVALUATION Beginners teachers: Candidates selected on the above grounds must follow an induction phase which may include training courses, and which is part of the selection process and of the arrangements made for the appraisal of newly-qualified teachers’ performance. This induction phase is monitored by experienced teachers, and lasts for more than a three-month period and less than an academic year. But, practically is only burocracy because almost nobody fail in this phase.
4.TEACHERS EVALUATION Initial training of teachers The academic qualifications required to teach are uniform throughout the entire country, although theydo vary according to the different levels of the education system. Teaching staff can be divided into three main categories, depending on the education level at which they work: Pre-primary and primary education teachers, secondary education teachers, and highereducation teachers (both university and non-university level). The 2006 Ley Orgánica de Educación, LOE (Act on Education) establishes the academic qualifications teachers must have, as well as the initial education and the specific professional training they should have undertaken, depending on the educational level at which they are to teach. Education authorities are responsible for signing agreements with different universities so that the latter provide teacher education and training programmes for teachers.
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