Presentation on theme: "1 FOUNDATION UNIVERSITIES IN TURKEY Prof.Dr.Aybar Ertepınar Vice-President The Council of Higher Education, Turkey October, 2005."— Presentation transcript:
1 FOUNDATION UNIVERSITIES IN TURKEY Prof.Dr.Aybar Ertepınar Vice-President The Council of Higher Education, Turkey October, 2005
2 Legal Status The Constitution of the Turkish Republic The Law of Higher Education The Regulations on Foundation Higher Education Institutions
3 The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey Article 130 Establishment of universities Establishment of foundation universities
4 The Law of Higher Education No.2547 Additional Article 2 Financial and Administrative Autonomy Establishment of Foundation Vocational Higher Schools
5 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT 12.12.1984 Establishment of the Turkey’s first foundation-owned university: Bilkent University Bilkent University – –First academic year: 1986-1987 – –Total number of Associate’s degree and Bachelor’s degree students 1986-1987: 426 Current: 9878 Today 24 Foundation Universities in Turkey – –Total Number of Associate’s degree and Bachelor’s degree students: 81.794
6 Board of Trustees Institutions of higher education to be established by foundations are required to have a board of trustees with a minimum of seven members, constituting a body separate from the administrative organ of the foundation. The rector of the insitution is appointed by the board of trustees upon the consent of the Council of Higher Education.
7 Financial Provisions Financial Provisions The income of the institution shall not, under any circumstances whatsoever, be transferred, even on a temporary basis, to the assets or accounts of the foundation. Direct donations and assistance can be made to the institution. Foundation universities shall benefit from the financial provisions and exemptions specified in Article 56 of this law in the same manner as public institutions; and are exempted from real estate tax.
8 Academic Organisation The academic organs of the foundation institutions are to be constituted in the same manner as those in public institutions of higher education and to be responsible for carrying out the same duties. The qualifications of faculty members are to be the same as those in public institutions.
9 Supervision, Control and Assessment Such institutions shall submit a comprehensive account of their activities to the Council of Higher Education at the end of each academic year, in the same manner as public institutions. These institutions are subject to the supervision and control of the Council of Higher Education (YOK) with regard to financial, administrative, and economic matters. If YOK determines that level of education at such institutions has fallen below the expected standards, and the situation is not remedied in spite of warnings and proposals, YOK shall terminate the operations of the institution concerned.
10 Conditional State Assistance - I How to Determine the Amount? The amount of such assistance per student enrolled in such an institution shall not exceed one-half of the amount per-student at public institutions of higher education as calculated by dividing the total amount allocated to public institutions from the national budget that year by the total number of students enrolled in formal education programs at public institutions.
11 Conditional State Assistance - II The Requirements for the State Assistance have provided formal education for a minimum of two academic years have a publication/teaching staff member ratio equivalent to that of those public universities occupying a position in the upper half of a ranking of public universities in terms of average number of articles per teaching staff member grant full-tuition scholarships to a minimum of 15 % of its students or, instead of scholarships, an institution have to document to the Council of Higher Education that it employed Turkish teaching staff, living abroad, full-time and contract basis, for at least one academic year, as much as the mentioned number of Ph.D. Students.
12 Conditional State Assistance - III Maximum amount of state assistance realized in 2004 The total budget of the university 138.269.615 New Turkish Liras (YTL) The total amount of state asssistance 2.347.000 YTL Minimum amount of state assistance realized in 2004 The total budget of the university 18.104.22.168 YTL The total amount of state asssistance 129.000 YTL
13 Guarantor Institution Clause (d) of the Additional Article 3 of the Law of Higher Education (HE) No. 2547 – –The Foundation: undertakes to transfer the “portable and non-portable” and “rights” of its HE Institution to another HE determined by the Foundation itself under certain circumstances
14 STUDENT TUITION FEES I STATE UNIVERSITIES vs FOUNDATION UNIVERSITIES Maximum amount: Maximum amount: STATE UNIVERSITIES STATE UNIVERSITIES 458 YTL- Faculty of Medicine (approximately €270) FOUNDATION UNIVERSITIES FOUNDATION UNIVERSITIES Faculty of Dentistry: 26,500 YTL (approximately €15,600)
15 STUDENT TUITION FEES II STATE UNIVERSITIES vs FOUNDATION UNIVERSITIES Minimum amount: Minimum amount: STATE UNIVERSITIES STATE UNIVERSITIES –Faculty of Open University: 55 YTL (approximately €32) FOUNDATION UNIVERSITIES FOUNDATION UNIVERSITIES _ (approximately €3600) _ Faculty of Science & Faculty of Humanities and Letters: 6,120 YTL(approximately €3600)
16 NUMBER OF STUDENTS Foundation Universities vs State Universities
17 Undergraduate Degree Students Total Number of Students: 1.969.086 Total Number of Students: 1.969.086 State Universities: 1.887.283 State Universities: 1.887.283 Foundation Universities: 81.803 (proportion to the total is 4,15%) Foundation Universities: 81.803 (proportion to the total is 4,15%)
18 Masters Degree Students Total Number of Students: 92.566 Total Number of Students: 92.566 State Universities: 84.237 State Universities: 84.237 Foundation Universities: 8.329 (proportion to the total is 8,99%) Foundation Universities: 8.329 (proportion to the total is 8,99%)
19 PhD Students Total Number of Students: 27.335 Total Number of Students: 27.335 State Universities: 26.374 State Universities: 26.374 Foundation Universities: 961 (proportion to the total is 3,5%) Foundation Universities: 961 (proportion to the total is 3,5%)
20 Graduate Degree (Master’s and PhD) Students in total Total Number of Graduate Students: 119.901 Total Number of Graduate Students: 119.901 State Universities: 110.611 State Universities: 110.611 Foundation Universities: 9.290 (proportion to the total is 7,74%) Foundation Universities: 9.290 (proportion to the total is 7,74%)
21 Numbers of all undergraduate and graduate level students
22 NUMBER OF TEACHING STAFF BY ACADEMIC TITLE ProfAssoc.Prof Assist. Prof InstructorLecturerSpecialist Research Assistant Total Academic Staff Overall Total 894363118718011145972141724447779