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The Tale of a New Budget Model in 16 Months Kelly M. Ratliff University of California, Davis.

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Presentation on theme: "The Tale of a New Budget Model in 16 Months Kelly M. Ratliff University of California, Davis."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Tale of a New Budget Model in 16 Months Kelly M. Ratliff University of California, Davis

2 UC Davis – Campus Facts Davis Founded in 1905 Students as of fall 2012: 33,000 4 colleges, 6 professional schools 23 intercollegiate sports (NCAA Division I) 21,700 employees (4,000 faculty & 17,700 staff) 101 undergraduate majors 90 graduate programs 8 th ranked public university by U.S. News & World Report Member of the Association of American Universities 1 st in Sierra Magazine 2012 “Cool Schools” Survey Research funding: 15 th among U.S. ranked public universities 22 nd among public and private universities

3 Responsibility Center Budgeting  Attribute revenue to generating unit  Units more responsible for funding activities  Create incentives  Improve student experience  Identify and pursue new revenue  Manage resources with eye to long-term returns  Adoption  Common with major private universities  Relatively few public universities adopted before late 2000’s  Pace by publics increased since financial crisis

4 Primary Elements  Revenue  Tuition  Indirect cost recovery  State appropriation  Support for common goods  Cost allocation  Role of center and units in funding in future  Cultural and organizational issues

5 State Revenue vs. Student Fees

6 Before Funding Streams AllocationsRevenue 10 UC Campuses UC Office of the President Tuition & ICR

7 After Funding Streams 10 UC Campuses UC Office of the President Expenditure Assessment Tuition & ICR

8 Response to Fiscal Crisis “We can either accept that permanent reductions in state support will define a new status quo for UC Davis,… or we can take control of our destiny by developing new strategies and adopting new budget models that will move the campus forward in the coming years.” Chancellor Linda P.B. Katehi July 22, 2011

9 Response to Fiscal Crisis Letter to the Council of Deans and Vice Chancellors “During the academic year, I will continue to work closely with you on the new budget process and model that we will begin implementing for the academic year.” Provost Ralph J. Hexter July 29, 2011

10 May 2011: University of Michigan  Most important takeaway:  Do you want a revenue distribution model or a cost allocation model? October 2011: University of Washington  Solidified our decision to focus on revenue distribution Fact-finding Trips

11 UC Davis Revenue: $3.4 billion Estimates Includes Medical Center

12 UC Davis Revenue: $2.1 billion Estimates Excludes Medical Center

13 Relied on Existing Stakeholder Groups No formal steering committee. To develop the model, we relied on:  Regular working sessions with the Provost  Council of Deans and Vice Chancellors  Assistant Deans and Chief Operating Officers  Academic Senate, especially the Committee for Planning and Budget  Department Chairs  Anyone or any group that invited us to present

14 Enter the White Paper  Key communication tool for developing the model  One paper per topic  Main modules: UG tuition, indirect cost recovery and provost allocation  Related projects: systemwide assessment, benefits decentralization  No blank slate discussions  Assumed a range of practical options  Starting place for discussion was version 1  Consulted and issued revised versions  Used common data sources and known metrics

15 Role of the Budget Office  Data and modeling expertise resides in budget office  Formulas more about gaining buy-in than actual technical work  Groups can get distracted by technical dimensions  Putting technical burden on budget office allows larger campus conversation  Focus on new implications for management, decision-making, authority, and accountability

16 Major Elements of New Model  Phase I for  Undergraduate tuition revenue  Indirect cost recovery  Provost allocation – setting the baseline and deciding future funding levels  Related projects:  Benefit decentralization  Application of Funding Streams assessment  Bridging strategies  Revitalized annual budget meetings

17 Major Elements of New Model  Phase I details  Undergraduate tuition revenue  After return-to-aid, 70% to units & 30% to Provost  Portion to units  60% student credit hours  30% degree majors  10% degrees awarded  Indirect cost recovery  : 34% to units & 66% to Provost  Goal of a 40%-60% split

18 Major Elements of New Model  Future phases  Faculty resources  Graduate tuition revenue  Revisit allocation of professional tuition  Self-supporting degree fees  Summer session  Capital and space resources

19 Initial Model  Step 1: Existing baseline budget of general funds (GF), support from central benefits pool (CBP) and indirect cost recovery (ICR)  Step 2: Baseline budget recolored per new model; undergraduate tuition revenue (UGTR) and provost allocation (PA>)  Step 3: Estimates for Note: Provost allocation includes graduate tuition – will disaggregate in future phase

20 Key Success Factors  Support of campus leadership and enlistment of external expertise  Relied on existing committees and stakeholders  Revenue distribution instead of cost allocation  Use of transition and bridging strategies  Previous initiatives to increase unit autonomy  Use of common and easily available data sources  Awareness that budget changes are as much cultural as technical

21 Some Parts Already in Place  Most institutions will already have elements in place, such as:  Professional programs  Self-supporting degrees  Existing ICR distribution programs  Rules about unused balances  Pathways to a new model may not be so far  These models do not remove Provost from budget allocation decisions - may refocus the process

22 Issues and Concerns  Do we understand the implications of these changes?  Not everyone feels there was enough consultation  Some worried about too much change, others worried that change was too incremental  Unrelated concerns may get associated with the new model  Dean’s office relative to departments

23 How’d We Do?  Advancing Chancellor’s Goals  Conversations shifting from focus on state funds  Student-centric university  Activities are linked with revenue flow  Having new conversations with deans  They are doing the math – comparing revenue to cost  Managing their portfolio of programs  Budget information available sooner, better budget modeling tools

24 Resources  Budget and Institutional Analysis  budget.ucdavis.edu budget.ucdavis.edu  Incentive-Based Budget Model  budget.ucdavis.edu/budget-model budget.ucdavis.edu/budget-model


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