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A Modern University System In a Competitive Environment Haim Harari Alpbach, August 28, 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "A Modern University System In a Competitive Environment Haim Harari Alpbach, August 28, 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Modern University System In a Competitive Environment Haim Harari Alpbach, August 28, 2004

2 "A University is a remote isolated ivory tower, in which distinguished aging scholars, mostly with beards, contemplate philosophical and ethical issues, probe the most esoteric deep secrets of nature and train the next generation of selected brilliant minds to do likewise. The general public knows little and cares less about this secluded place, but admires the intellect of the Professors, understanding that they are a minor burden on the society which maintains them, similar to artists and to other useless great minds. The University has no relation to the business world, to industry, to government, to the pre-collegiate educational system or, for that matter, to anything else practical." Once Upon a Time…

3 "A University is a remote isolated ivory tower, in which distinguished aging scholars, mostly with beards, contemplate philosophical and ethical issues, probe the most esoteric deep secrets of nature and train the next generation of selected brilliant minds to do likewise. The general public knows little and cares less about this secluded place, but admires the intellect of the Professors, understanding that they are a minor burden on the society which maintains them, similar to artists and to other useless great minds. The University has no relation to the business world, to industry, to government, to the pre-collegiate educational system or, for that matter, to anything else practical." Once Upon a Time…

4 "A University is a huge processing plant, in which the raw material consists of a large percentage of the population in the relevant age group and the final product is mediocre practitioners of useful professions like law, physical therapy, accounting, software engineering, school teaching and dentistry. Most students are of average intelligence, admissions are open or almost so, tuition is free or almost so and the average Professor is far from being an admired legendary scholar. Quantity is achieved at the expense of quality. The cost to the public is substantial and the politicians constantly meddle in the affairs of the University and try to make sure that every penny spent leads to immediate practical results. The relation to the business world, to industry and to the pre-collegiate school system is still, at best, marginal." Today, Somewhere in Europe…

5 "A University is a huge processing plant, in which the raw material consists of a large percentage of the population in the relevant age group and the final product is mediocre practitioners of useful professions like law, physical therapy, accounting, software engineering, school teaching and dentistry. Most students are of average intelligence, admissions are open or almost so, tuition is free or almost so and the average Professor is far from being an admired legendary scholar. Quantity is achieved at the expense of quality. The cost to the public is substantial and the politicians constantly meddle in the affairs of the University and try to make sure that every penny spent leads to immediate practical results. The relation to the business world, to industry and to the pre-collegiate school system is still, at best, marginal." Today, Somewhere in Europe…

6 "A University is an ivory tower, devoted to creating new knowledge and to training an intellectual elite, while serving, at the same time, as a true lighthouse, training competent professionals, spreading enlightenment, contributing to the economy, helping school education, creating the foundation of sophisticated industry and ameliorating social problems." Can This Happen, One Day? The Ivory Lighthouse

7 "A University is an ivory tower, devoted to creating new knowledge and to training an intellectual elite, while serving, at the same time, as a true lighthouse, training competent professionals, spreading enlightenment, contributing to the economy, helping school education, creating the foundation of sophisticated industry and ameliorating social problems." Can This Happen, One Day? The Ivory Lighthouse

8 Sacred Cows

9 Creativity IS NOT license to publish nonsense Sacred Cows

10 Creativity IS NOT license to publish nonsense Academic Freedom IS NOT freedom to spend money Sacred Cows

11 Creativity IS NOT license to publish nonsense Academic Freedom IS NOT freedom to spend money Contributing to social IS NOT underneath the dignity and economic problems of the great scholar. Sacred Cows

12 Creativity IS NOT license to publish nonsense Academic Freedom IS NOT freedom to spend money Contributing to social IS NOT underneath the dignity and economic problems of the great scholar. Tenure IS NOT retirement at age 40 Sacred Cows

13 Creativity IS NOT license to publish nonsense Academic Freedom IS NOT freedom to spend money Contributing to social IS NOT underneath the dignity and economic problems of the great scholar. Tenure IS NOT retirement at age 40 Excellence IS NOT arrogance. Sacred Cows

14 Creativity IS NOT license to publish nonsense Academic Freedom IS NOT freedom to spend money Contributing to social IS NOT underneath the dignity and economic problems of the great scholar. Tenure IS NOT retirement at age 40 Excellence IS NOT arrogance. Equality of scientific stars IS NOT democracy and mediocre practitioners Sacred Cows

15 Government Local Tuition Philanthropy Endowment Research Grants Intellectual Property Extras Educate Scholars Train Professionals Basic Research Applied Research Social Problems Industry School System Other Diversity ResourcesTasks

16 Egalitarian GovernmentStudents, Graduates, Fields, Degrees, Research LocalRegional Interests TuitionCrucial, Uniform, Social Service, Loans Differentiating PhilanthropyQuality, Attraction, Special Contributions, PR EndowmentVision, Age, Loyalty, Investment Policy Research GrantsExcellence, Benefit, International impact Intellectual PropertyExcellence, Aggressive Policy, Discipline ExtrasReal Estate, Industrial Parks, Adult Training Resources

17 Egalitarian GovernmentStudents, Graduates, Fields, Degrees, Research LocalRegional Interests TuitionCrucial, Uniform, Social Service, Loans Differentiating PhilanthropyQuality, Attraction, Special Contributions, PR EndowmentVision, Age, Loyalty, Investment Policy Research GrantsExcellence, Benefit, International impact Intellectual PropertyExcellence, Aggressive Policy, Discipline ExtrasReal Estate, Industrial Parks, Adult Training Resources

18 Egalitarian GovernmentStudents, Graduates, Fields, Degrees, Research LocalRegional Interests TuitionCrucial, Uniform, Social Service, Loans Differentiating PhilanthropyQuality, Attraction, Special Contributions, PR EndowmentVision, Age, Loyalty, Investment Policy Research GrantsExcellence, Benefit, International impact Intellectual PropertyExcellence, Aggressive Policy, Discipline ExtrasReal Estate, Industrial Parks, Adult Training Resources

19 Egalitarian GovernmentStudents, Graduates, Fields, Degrees, Research LocalRegional Interests TuitionCrucial, Uniform, Social Service, Loans Differentiating PhilanthropyQuality, Attraction, Special Contributions, PR EndowmentVision, Age, Loyalty, Investment Policy Research GrantsExcellence, Benefit, International impact Intellectual PropertyExcellence, Aggressive Policy, Discipline ExtrasReal Estate, Industrial Parks, Adult Training Resources

20 Educate ScholarsClassical, No Need to Cover All, Multidisciplinary Train ProfessionalsResearch not Mandatory, Guest Professors e-Learning Basic ResearchDiversified Sources, Priorities, Patenting, Risks Applied ResearchCover the Entire Road from "R" to "D" Social ProblemsField Action IndustryTraining Students and Employees, Projects School SystemCurriculum, Materials, Teacher Training Other Tasks

21 Educate ScholarsClassical, No Need to Cover All, Multidisciplinary Train ProfessionalsResearch not Mandatory, Guest Professors e-Learning Basic ResearchDiversified Sources, Priorities, Patenting, Risks Applied ResearchCover the Entire Road from "R" to "D" Social ProblemsField Action IndustryTraining Students and Employees, Projects School SystemCurriculum, Materials, Teacher Training Other Tasks

22 Educate ScholarsClassical, No Need to Cover All, Multidisciplinary Train ProfessionalsResearch not Mandatory, Guest Professors e-Learning Basic ResearchDiversified Sources, Priorities, Patenting, Risks Applied ResearchCover the Entire Road from "R" to "D" Social ProblemsField Action IndustryTraining Students and Employees, Projects School SystemCurriculum, Materials, Teacher Training Other Tasks

23 Morally and Economically Right. Should it Depend on Subject? Should it Depend on Income? How Much? Tuition The Magic Formula: PERACH + Loan

24 Fundraising Is an Art, not a Science Give and Take Integrity Buildings, Facilities, Lecture Halls, Wings, Projects Endowment: Chairs, Fellowships, Research Centers Courage and Vision to Prefer Endowment Investing the Endowment Philanthropy and Endowment

25 Do Not Change Goals of University Have Clear and Strict Rules Share Any Income of Any Kind with Scientist Scientists Should Lead Effort In Case of Doubt, Issue a Patent Don't Sell too Early Don’t Allow a Conflict of Interest with the Scientist Fight with Industry, When Necessary Intellectual Property

26 Diverse Funding: Internal Philanthropic Industrial Regional National International Priorities Risks International Standards Basic Research The Research Group as a "Start-up"

27 The Education System is a Pyramid Curriculum, Texts, Software, Methods Teacher Training and Support Extracurricular Activities General Public The School System Education is too Important to be Left to the Educators

28 Education Basic Research Social Problems 10-20 Years Industry Development Schools Political Horizon ----- Next Election Hence: Either change nothing or frequent instant reforms ! Time Scale


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