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Presentation on theme: "1 DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLEGE SUPPORT FUND –Support Fund Distribution Formula and Implementation –Support."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLEGE SUPPORT FUND –Support Fund Distribution Formula and Implementation –Support Fund Request and Implications –Options –Impact of Budget Reductions on Community Colleges April 17, 2003 Presented to Ways & Means Education Subcommittee By: Cam Preus-Braly

2 2 Community College Mission Statutory ORS (1) The community college is an educational institution which is intended to fill the institutional gap in education by offering broad, comprehensive programs in academic as well as professional technical subjects. It is primarily designed to provide associate or certificate degree programs for some, serve a transitional purpose for others who will continue baccalaureate or other college work, provide the ability to enter the workforce immediately and serve to determine future educational needs for other students. It can provide means for continuation of academic education, professional technical training or the attainment of entirely new skills as demands for old skills and old occupations are supplanted by new technologies. It may also provide the means to coordinate courses and programs with high schools to enhance the Certificate of Advanced Mastery and to accommodate successful transition to college degree programs.

3 3 State Board of Education Policies The State Board of Education has statutory authority to govern Oregon’s community college districts As part of that responsibility, the State Board has the authority to develop and implement a formula for the distribution of state resources to fund community colleges The State Board develops the formula within the policy framework of access and equity

4 4 State Board of Education Policies Access – All Oregonians should have access to community college services regardless of where they live Equity – Each college should receive the same funding per student Quality – In January of 2003 adopted a freeze on enrollments to stop the erosion of the dollar value of an FTE

5 5 Funding Formula The passage Ballot Measure 5 in 1991 fundamentally changed the funding of community colleges Over time, state resources have grown to be the largest share of revenue for local community college districts

6 6 Community College Primary Sources of Revenue

7 7 Funding Formula As the State Board and CCWD staff looked to the future, it became apparent that a new formula would need to be adopted In , a temporary formula was enacted in which community colleges received a proportional share of state funds based on past allocations Early versions of the current funding formula were first adopted in the biennium

8 8 Funding Formula Principles The overarching principles of the new formula were: –Provide equity in the distribution of resources –Provide a base for infrastructure and school size –Equalize property tax revenues per student –Funding follows the student These principles continue to be reflected in the current funding formula

9 9 Funding Formula Implementation Individual elements within the funding formula have stayed relatively unchanged since its adoption in –50% of local property taxes are included –A base factor is included to reflect the differences in college size –Full-time equivalent enrollments (FTE) are the basis for distribution following students

10 10 Basic Formula Equation State Appropriation plus 50% of Imposed Property Taxes Equals:Total Formula Funds Minus: Base Funding Divided by:Enrollments Equals: Funds per FTE

11 11 Future of Funding Formula In January of 2003 the State Board of Education directed CCWD to work with the Community College Presidents Council to review and recommend a new formula for –Members include: –Wes Channell, Klamath CC, Chair –Mary Spilde, Lane CC –Jess Carreon, Portland CC –Bob Barber, Central Oregon CC –Joe Johnson, Clackamas CC –Travis Kirkland, Blue Mountain CC

12 12 Property Taxes College Actual RFTE Rate per Thousand Property Taxes Imposed Taxes per FTE Blue Mountain 2,349.28$ ,008,881 $ 1,281 Central Oregon 3,988.99$ ,173,672 $ 1,798 Chemeketa 11,637.35$ ,298,620 $ 971 Clackamas 7,792.56$ ,004,227 $ 1,155 Clatsop 1,715.84$ ,517,860 $ 1,467 Columbia Gorge $ ,708 $ 376 Klamath 1,193.83$ ,183,902 $ 992 Lane 12,746.88$ ,982,571 $ 862 Linn-Benton 6,765.55$ ,631,609 $ 685 Mt. Hood 9,467.29$ ,378,789 $ 779 Oregon Coast $ ,742 $ 1,554 Portland 24,851.77$ ,640,144 $ 750 Rogue 4,939.67$ ,031,022 $ 1,423 Southwestern Oregon 3,029.86$ ,391,497 $ 1,119 Tillamook Bay $ ,693 $ 1,534 Treasure Valley 1,797.43$ ,407,800 $ 783 Umpqua 3,541.33$ ,053,736 $ 580 Totals/Averages 97,549.97$ ,392,473 $ 937

13 13 Impact of Property Taxes on Distribution of State Resources No property tax revenues actually leave districts Including one-half of local property taxes in the formula does affect the amount of state funds that a community college receives The following chart indicates which colleges gain or lose state funds as a result of property taxes being included in the formula

14 14 Impact of Property Taxes on Distribution *Projections based on funding included in Governor’s Budget

15 15 Projected State & Property Taxes per FTE – Property Taxes Included in Formula

16 16 Projected State & Property Taxes per FTE – Property Taxes Excluded from Formula

17 17 Comparisons with OUS and K-12 Property TaxesCommunity Colleges: 50% of property taxes imposed included in formula OUS: No property tax support for public universities K-12: 100% of property taxes included in formula State AidSignificant source of revenues for all three education sectors TuitionCommunity Colleges: Provides about 1/3 of local revenues OUS: Large source of revenue K-12: Not a source of revenue for public schools EnrollmentsCommunity colleges: Used in the formula as basis for distribution of state funds OUS: Used in the RAM as basis for distribution of state funds K-12: ADMw used as basis for distribution of state funds

18 18 State Support for Community Colleges—Historically Current service plus inflation=biennial allocation Not reflective of increases in student enrollment No connection to the actual average cost of serving a student

19 19 New Approach to Community College Funding in 2001 Budget request based on: –conservative projection of student enrollment –statewide average cost to serve a student Average cost per student derived from national reporting (IPEDS) and college revenue and expenditure reports

20 Community College Support Fund Appropriation appropriated $464 million for student enrollment of 192,005 legislature funded 45.9% of projected cost of community college full-time equivalent students $32 million, of the $45 million community college enrollment growth appropriation, was lost to state budget reductions

21 21 Agency Request $ 2, state share of average cost per student (45% of projected cost) 208,905 multiplied by students (derived from 3% increase in reimbursable FTE per year) $ million

22 22 Enrollment Scenarios

23 23 State Funding Assumptions

24 24 Enrollment Scenarios Including Agency Request

25 25 Budget Numbers

26 Harney % Malheur 3, % Lake % Klamath 2, % Jackson 7, % Josephine 5, % Curry 2, % Coos 10, % Douglas 16, % Lane 37, % Deschutes 13, % Crook 1, % Grant % Linn 14, % Benton 11, % Lincoln 4, % Baker % Wallowa % Union % Umatilla 7, % Morrow % Jefferson 1, % Wasco 2, % Wheeler % Gilliam % Sherman % Hood R. 2, % Marion 35, % Clackamas 33, % Multnomah 73, % Clatsop 5, % Columbia 2, % Tillamook 3, % Wash. 44, % Yamhill 6, % Polk 5, % CC Students by County Total Students Enrolled, % of Population Enrolled Community Colleges

27 27 All Students

28 28 Community Colleges Served 406,434 Students in

29 29 Increased Student Demand Over the Last Decade

30 30 Increased Demand for Highly Skilled Workforce “Oregon’s future will depend on having a critical mass of highly skilled technology workers and researchers.” “We need to immediately retrain existing workers for today’s high demand jobs.” Oregon Council for Knowledge and Economic Development Report, 2002 “The current supply of graduates produced by Oregon’s community colleges and universities falls short of the demand created by new positions and vacancies in these critical shortage fields.” Final Report of the Interim Task Force on Health Care Personnel, 2002

31 31 The Capacity Gap Nursing and Allied Health Programs are full but colleges do not have funds to expand to meet market demand. Waiting lists for ESL classes Funding cuts = fewer programs, classes, seats statewide Physical plants in need of repair or expansion to meet the need for classroom and lab space.

32 32 The Capacity Gap Professional Technical Programs are the training ground for a highly skilled workforce. But in the gap in PT programs grew: 15 AAS Programs were suspended 12 Certificate Programs were suspended 17 AAS Programs were deleted 8 Certificate Programs were deleted

33 33 What are the Options? The “cap”…freezing funding allocations to last year’s levels. More $$$! Differentiated Funding Greater reliance on grant and “other” funds Cost savings: cut staff, cut programs, cut courses Tuition Strategies –Raising Tuition –Differentiated Tuition

34 34 Tuition/Fees Tuition increased 12% this year rates are set by local college boards. state average yearly tuition and fees for a full-time in-district student = $2,337 tuition for ranges from $40-$55 per credit Projected average increase next year of 8% or $6.35 per credit for a range of $45 to $60

35 35 Community College Tuition increase 12% projected 8% Student share of their education for the decade 1992 to 2002 increased from 22% to 33%

36 Annual Tuition and Fees: Cost to Students

37 37 Socio-Economic Benefits Return on investment (source: CC Benefits Inc. Study, March 2002) –17% ROI in Oregon’s Community Colleges. –The state of Oregon benefits from improved health, reduced welfare, unemployment and crime saving the public $61.5 million per year. Benefits of a community college education (Bureau of Labor Statistics publication) –Increase wages $100 to $400 per week –Decreases likelihood of unemployment by 50%


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