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Wordly Wise 3000, Book 9 Unit 20 Random House Webster’s Unabridged Electronic Dictionary © 1996.

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Presentation on theme: "Wordly Wise 3000, Book 9 Unit 20 Random House Webster’s Unabridged Electronic Dictionary © 1996."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wordly Wise 3000, Book 9 Unit 20 Random House Webster’s Unabridged Electronic Dictionary © 1996

2 de·spoil v.t. to strip of possessions, things of value, etc.; rob; plunder; pillage. [1175–1225; ME despoilen < OF despoillier < L dspoli€re to strip, rob, plunder, equiv. to d- DE- + spoli€re to plunder; see SPOIL]

3 e·duce v.t., e·duced, e·duc·ing. 1. to draw forth or bring out, as something potential or latent; elicit; develop. 2. to infer or deduce. [1400–50; late ME < L dcere, equiv. to - E- + dcere to lead]

4 eq·ua·ble adj. 1. free from many changes or variations; uniform: an equable climate; an equable temperament. 2. uniform in operation or effect, as laws. [1635–45; < L aequ€bilis that can be made equal, similar, equiv. to aequ(us) equal, even + -€bilis - ABLE ]

5 hap·pen·stance n. 1. a chance happening or event. [1895–1900; HAPPEN + ( CIRCUM ) STANCE ]

6 in·su·lar adj. 1.of or pertaining to an island or islands: insular possessions. 2.dwelling or situated on an island. 3.forming an island: insular rocks. 4.detached; standing alone; isolated. 5.of, pertaining to, or characteristic of islanders. 6.narrow-minded or illiberal; provincial: insular attitudes toward foreigners. 7.Pathol. occurring in or characterized by one or more isolated spots, patches, or the like. 8.Anat. pertaining to an island of cells or tissue, as the islets of Langerhans. 9. —n. an inhabitant of an island; islander. [1605–15; < LL insul€ris. See INSULA, -AR1]

7 may·hem n. 1. Law. the crime of willfully inflicting a bodily injury on another so as to make the victim less capable of self-defense or, under modern statutes, so as to cripple or mutilate the victim. 2. random or deliberate violence or damage. 3. a state of rowdy disorder: Antagonisms between the various factions at the meeting finally boiled over, and mayhem ensued. [1350–1400; ME maheym, maim < AF mahe(i)m, mahaim < Gmc; akin to MHG meidem gelding, ON meitha to injure. See MAIM]

8 par·lous adj. 1. perilous; dangerous. 2. Obs. clever; shrewd. —adv. 3. to a large extent; greatly. [1350–1400; ME, var. of perlous, syncopated var. of PERILOUS ]

9 pel·lu·cid adj. 1. allowing the maximum passage of light, as glass; translucent. 2. clear or limpid: pellucid waters. 3. clear in meaning, expression, or style: a pellucid way of writing. [1610–20; < L pellcidus, var. of PERL}CIDUS. See PER -, LUCID ]

10 pre·clude v.t., -clud·ed, -clud·ing. prevent the presence, existence, or occurrence of; make impossible: The insufficiency of the evidence precludes a conviction. exclude or debar from something: His physical disability precludes an athletic career for him. [1610–20; < L praecldere to shut off, close, equiv. to prae- PRE- + - cldere, comb. form of claudere to shut, CLOSE]

11 pro·pin·qui·ty n. 1. nearness in place; proximity. 2. nearness of relation; kinship. 3. affinity of nature; similarity. 4. nearness in time. [1350–1400; ME propinquite < L propinquit€s nearness, equiv. to propinqu(us) near (prop(e) near (see PRO-1) + -inquus adj. suffix) + -it€s -ITY]

12 ra·pa·cious adj. 1. given to seizing for plunder or the satisfaction of greed. 2. inordinately greedy; predatory; extortionate: a rapacious disposition. 3. (of animals) subsisting by the capture of living prey; predacious. [1645–55; < L rap€ci- (s. of rap€x greedy, akin to rapere to seize; see RAPE1) + -OUS]

13 schism n. 1.division or disunion, esp. into mutually opposed parties. 2.the parties so formed. 3.Eccles. a. a formal division within, or separation from, a church or religious body over some doctrinal difference. b. the state of a sect or body formed by such division. c. the offense of causing or seeking to cause such a division. [1350–1400; < LL (Vulgate) sc(h)isma (s. sc(h)ismat-) < Gk, deriv. of schzein to split, with -ma (s. -mat-) n. suffix of result; r. ME (s)cisme, sisme < MF < LL, as above]

14 sub·li·mate v., -mat·ed, -mat·ing, n., adj. —v.t. 1. Psychol. to divert the energy of (a sexual or other biological impulse) from its immediate goal to one of a more acceptable social, moral, or aesthetic nature or use. 2. Chem. a. to sublime (a solid substance); extract by this process. b. to refine or purify (a substance). 3. to make nobler or purer: To read about great men sublimates ambition. 4. —v.i. to become sublimated; undergo sublimation. 5. —n. Chem. the crystals, deposit, or material obtained when a substance is sublimated. 6. —adj. purified or exalted; sublimated. [1425–75; late ME: exalted, sublimated < L sublm€tus (ptp. of sublm€re to elevate), equiv. to sublm(is) SUBLIME + -€tus -ATE1]

15 tal·is·man n., pl. -mans. 1.a stone, ring, or other object, engraved with figures or characters supposed to possess occult powers and worn as an amulet or charm. 2.any amulet or charm. 3.anything whose presence exercises a remarkable or powerful influence on human feelings or actions. [1630–40; < F or Sp Î Ar ¬ilasm < Gk télesma payment, equiv. to teles- (var. s. of teleîn to complete, perform) + - ma n. suffix of result]

16 ter·res·tri·al adj. 1.pertaining to, consisting of, or representing the earth as distinct from other planets. 2.of or pertaining to land as distinct from water. 3.Bot. a. growing on land; not aquatic. b. growing in the ground; not epiphytic or aerial. 4.Zool. living on or in the ground; not aquatic, arboreal, or aerial. 5.of or pertaining to the earth or this world; worldly; mundane. 6. —n. an inhabitant of the earth, esp. a human being. [1400–50; late ME < L terrestri(s) pertaining to earth (deriv. of terra earth) + -AL1]

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