Presentation on theme: "November 18, 2014 CULTURE OF HAWAI ʻ I. Ho ʻ olauna: Welcome/Introduction Louise Alborano Canoe Complex Induction & Mentoring CAST"— Presentation transcript:
November 18, 2014 CULTURE OF HAWAI ʻ I
Ho ʻ olauna: Welcome/Introduction Louise Alborano Canoe Complex Induction & Mentoring CAST Ku ʻ ualohanui Kauli ʻ a Kamehameha Schools Kauhale Kīpaipai Department (Hawaiian Culture-Base Education)
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ʻ Ike Hawai ʻ i & Nohona Hawai ʻ i ʻ Ike Hawai ʻ i is a term that generally refers to all knowledge related to Hawaiian culture (i.e., language, dance, music, arts & crafts, foods, etc.) Nohona Hawai ʻ i is a Hawaiian lifestyle or a Hawaiian way of life in which one lives, breathes, or continuously practices the Hawaiian culture.
Hawai ʻ i Island – “The Big Island” Color – Red Flower – Pua Lehua ‘Ohia Blossom Mauna Kea – 13,796 ft.
Maui (Nō Ka ʻ Oi) “The Valley Isle” Color – Pink Flower – Lokelani Haleakalā – 10,023 ft
O ʻ ahu – “The Gathering Place” 3 rd Largest Island Color – Yellow Flower – ʻ Īlima Mt. Ka ʻ ala – 4,003 ft.
Kaua ʻ i – “The Garden Isle” Color – Purple Flower – Mokihana Wai ʻ ale ʻ ale - 5,148 Ft.
Moloka ʻ i – “The Friendly Isle” Color – Green Flower – Kukui Kamākou – 4961 ft.
Lāna ʻ i – “The Pineapple Isle” Color – Orange Flower – Kauna ʻ oa Lāna ʻ ihale – 3,366 ft.
Ni ʻ ihau – “The Forbidden Isle” Color – White Flower (Shell) - Pūpū ke ʻ oke ʻ o Mt. Pani ʻ au - 1,250 ft.
Kaho ʻ olawe – “The Target Isle” Color – Gray Flower – Hinahina Pu ʻ u Moa ʻ ulanui – 1,483
History of Hawai ʻ i
Expert canoe builders and non-instrument navigators
King Kamehameha the Great
Queen Lili ʻ uokalani
Mo ʻ olelo (The stories)
ʻ Ōlelo (The language) - Consists of 5 vowels & 8 consonants (including the glottal stop marker) - Prior to the 1820 arrival of the missionaries, the language was passed down orally - Today there’s a strong movement to revive both the language and culture
Pidgin-English In Hawai ʻ i, the Pidgin English is oftentimes heard as a common language of understanding that’s communicated almost everywhere you go in these islands. Although it originally derived from the Hawaiian language, it’s not the actual Hawaiian language. It’s sometimes called Broken English and it’s made its way through almost 200 years. Local people from here use it as an effective means of communication. After a few years of hearing and speaking it, it becomes second natured and many times, an additional language upon your tongue. Examples: ENGLISHPIDGIN-ENGLISH Can you come over here?Eh, get ‘ova hea, you? I’m quite hungry right now.Ho, I like grind now, kay. My son attended school the day before yesterday.My boi wen’ school da otta day.
Aloha (love, empathy, affection) Ha ʻ aha ʻ a (humble, meek) Ho ʻ okipa (hospitable, full of hospitality) Laulima (cooperation; many hands working together) Ma ʻ ema ʻ e (clean in thoughts and action) ʻ Olu ʻ olu (pleasant in voice and demeanor) Kūpono (honest; upright; righteous) Hawaiian Values
Hawaiian Proverbs I ka ʻ ōlelo nō ke ola, i ka ʻ ōlelo nō ka make (There is both life and death in words) *Language can heal; language can destroy Mai maka ʻ u i ka hana, maka ʻ u i ka moloā (Don’t fear work, fear laziness) *If one becomes lazy, no work will get done Nānā ka maka, ho ʻ olohe ka pepeiao, pa ʻ a ka waha, hana ka lima (Observe w/ eyes, listen w/ ears, quiet the mouth, work w/ hands) *Thus one learns
Mele (Music, Songs, Chants, Poetry, etc.) Hapa Haole – a style that literally means “part white and part Hawaiian,” where English lyrics are dedicated to Hawaiian themes. Slack Key – a style which utilizes a slack-key guitar, a guitar with loosened strings. Steel Guitar – a style which utilizes the steel guitar, a guitar with metal strings played by sliding a metal bar over the fretted neck. ʻ Ukulele – an unmistakable sound from a fretted four-stringed instrument. Today there are ukuleles with eight or even nine strings. Falsetto – a popular vocal style using a singing technique that produces sounds pitched higher than the singer's normal range. Jawaiian – Jamaican sounds molded with a unique Hawaiian touch. Contemporary – Today's original Hawaiian music that frequently mixes popular Hawaiian and English lyrics. Traditional – authentic lyrics sung in Hawaiian usually set to slack-key guitar, steel guitar or ukulele. Chants – chanting was a ritual
Lei (garlands/necklaces made of flowers, leaves, nutes, seeds, money, etc.)
Facts about Hawai ʻ i Population: 1,360,301 (2010 Census estimate) Capital: Honolulu (on the island of O ʻ ahu) State Flower: Pua Aloalo (Hibiscus) State Bird: Nēnē (Hawaiian Goose) State Tree: Kukui (Candlenut Tree) State Fish: Humu-nuku-nuku-a-pua ʻ a (Trigger w/ snout like a pig) Highest Point: Mauna Kea at 13,796 feet (4,205 m)
Tips for Teaching in Hawai ʻ i Building new relationships/maintaining existing ones are an important part of everyday life in these islands. If you don’t already know them, get acquainted with you SASA and Head Custodian on campus; build a positive rapport with these folks as well as your students. Part of breaking-in to the local cultures may include accepting the various ethnic cultures and knowing a little about their cultural background; your students may be your best teachers when learning about who they are and where they come from. If students don’t look you in the eyes when being spoken to, on many occasions this is a sign of respect; to look elders in their eyes is a sign of disrespect and/or negative confrontation or challenge. If students are in dress code violation, it could be that they come from destitute situations and/or low-income families; try to be understanding If students are often tardy/absent, they have minimal or no transportation; again try to be understanding
General Online Resources Hawaiian Dictionary Ulukau Here you can find links to resources on Culture & Arts, Curriculum, Genealogy records, Land, Books, The Hawaiian Bible, Hawaiian Newspapers and the Ed Greevy Photograph Collection. Hawaiian Language Newspaper Project This focus of this project was to make Hawaiian Language newspapers available online. The newspapers found here are generally the same that you can find on Ulukau.org, however, this site also lists some additional links that are helpful. Ka‘iwakīloumoku Virtual Archive This site, published by Kamehameha Schools' Ka‘iwakīloumoku Hawaiian Cultural Center, houses an exhausting amount of information. From oral histories to local recipies to videos of panel discussions, this site has it all. It is well worth the time it takes to browse through the many resources available. Ka ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i - The Hawaiian Language ‘Aha Pūnana Leo A very informative site about the use of Hawaiian Language today and where to learn it if interested. About Hawaiian Lanugage Use Online
Thank you for your participation MAHALO NUI LOA… (Thank you) Ā hui hou! (Until we meet again!)