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Is Toronto Broke? Making Sense of the Numbers: Municipal Finance in Toronto Enid Slack Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance Munk School of Global.

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Presentation on theme: "Is Toronto Broke? Making Sense of the Numbers: Municipal Finance in Toronto Enid Slack Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance Munk School of Global."— Presentation transcript:

1 Is Toronto Broke? Making Sense of the Numbers: Municipal Finance in Toronto Enid Slack Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance Munk School of Global Affairs October 4, 2011

2 Outline Toronto’s budget – where the money goes; where it comes from Fiscal challenges facing the city and what they have meant for Toronto’s fiscal health The role of the property tax What do other cities do? How to fund city services: the need for a mix of taxes

3 Source: City of Toronto, Where the Money Goes, 2010 Budget - News Releases and Fact Sheets, 16 February 2010,

4 Source: City of Toronto, Where the Money Comes From, 2010 Budget - News Releases and Fact Sheets, 16 February 2010,

5 5 Taxes in Three Cities TorontoBerlinNew York City Property tax Land (state) taxes and tax shares: Land (state) plus local shares:General property Land transfer tax Share of corporate income taxPersonal income taxGeneral sales Billboard tax Share of capital income taxBusiness taxPersonal income Real estate transfer taxLocal taxes:General corporation Motor vehicle taxReal estate taxCommercial occupancy Inheritance taxEntertainment taxBanking corporation Tax on betting and lotteriesDog taxUtility Fire protection taxSecond home taxUnincorporated business Beer taxReal property transfer Mortgage recording Tax audit revenues Cigarette Hotel

6 DIFFERENT SERVICES – DIFFERENT REVENUE TOOLS Private Public Redistributive Spillovers Water Police Social assist. Roads/transit Sewers Fire Social housing Culture Garbage Local parks Social assistance Transit Street lights ___________________________________________________________ User feesProperty tax Income tax Transfers Sales tax 6


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