Presentation on theme: "Sociological Perspectives"— Presentation transcript:
1Sociological Perspectives Professor Maggie MendezIntroduction to Sociology
2What is a Sociological Perspective? Tool for analyzing social life.Level of analysisMacroMicroThree major perspectives in SociologyFunctualist PerspectiveConflict PerspectiveSymbolic Interaction Perspective
3Functionalist Perspective Vision of SocietyA system of interrelated parts that function or operate together harmoniously.OrganismSocial SystemMacro Perspective
4Organism Society is viewed as very similar to the human body. Each part meets a need in order to maintain a normal state of balance.Organs are viewed as similar to social systems.4
5Social SystemsInterdependent network of social institutions (family, school, business, religion, etc.) that shape our live.Social system contributes the stability of society.EquilibriumDisequilibrium5
6Macro-level of Analysis HomelessnessExamine how changes in parts of society have increased homelessness.EconomyFamily
7Conflict Perspective Vision of Society Macro Perspective Society is constantly changing in response to social inequality and conflict.Power struggleSocial ChangeMacro Perspective
8Resources, Control, Authority Power StruggleWealth, Power, PrestigeResources, Control, AuthorityVarious groups are in conflict to compete for limited resources, control, or authority.DominateGroupsSubordinateGroups8
9Social Change Conflict is inevitable and can be beneficial. Leads to social change.Example:Civil Rights MovementDesegregation
10Macro Level of Anaysis Homelessness Examine the struggle between social classes.Upper classes control the economy
11Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Vision of SocietyFocus on meanings that people place on their own and one another’s behavior.SymbolsSociety is created through social interaction.Micro Perspective
12SymbolsPeople use symbols to develop views about the world and communicate with one another.Define ourselves and othersRelationshipsSelf-conceptSocial interactions allows society to exist
13Micro Level of Analysis HomelessnessAnalyze the culture and communication of homeless people.How do they survive?How do they interact with one another in the shelters and streets?
14Summary and Review Perspective Level of Analysis Point of View Explaining the HomelessnessFunctionalistMarco levelVarious parts of society are interdependent and related.Examine how changes in parts of society have increased homelessness.ConflictMacro levelStruggle for scarce resources by groups in society.Examine the struggle between social classes.Symbolic InteractionistMicro levelHow people use symbols to create society.Analyze the culture and communication of homeless people.