We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byIliana Hawthorne
Modified about 1 year ago
©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 1 Poverty and Homelessness in the U.S. Case Studies From California Jean E. Daniels, DSW,LCSW Professor of Social Work California State University, Northridge Northridge, CA (818)
Poverty Definitions A. Poverty refers to the state of not having sufficient money and resources to maintain the basic necessities of life: food, clothing and shelter. B. The state of being poor or deficient in money or means of subsistence. ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 2
Homelessness Definitions 1. an individual who lacks a fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence 2. an individual who has a primary nighttime residence that is * a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter designed to provide temporary living accommodations * an institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 3
Official Poverty Definition The U.S official poverty definition uses money income before taxes and does not include capital gains or non cash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid and food stamps). The Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) has gathered income and demographic information on households in over 30 industrialized nations and the U.S. poverty rates are the highest. (2008) ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 4
2004 U.S. Example Health & Human Services Guidelines No. in family Yearly Income 1 $9,574 2 $ 12,830 3 $ 16,090 4 $ 19,350 5 $ 22,610 Source: Federal Register, Vol. 70, No.33 Feb. 18,2005 ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 5
2007 U.S Census Report 1. The official poverty rate in 2007 was 12.5%. 2. In million people were in poverty. 3. Poverty rates in 2007 were statistically unchanged for non-Hispanic Whites (8.2%), Blacks (24.5%) Asians (10.2 %), and Hispanics (21.5%) 4.The poverty rate increased for children under 18 years old (18% in 2007 up from 17.4% in 2006) ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 6
Current U.S. Homeless According to a report given to Congress in July, 2008 by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) overall homeless numbers from a one day national count in January were down 12% from 2004 to 2007 to just 672,000. Chronic homelessness is down over more than 30% lower than 2005, from 175,00 to fewer than 125,00. ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 7
Programs for Homeless $1.5 Billion a year for Housing First program started in 2000 for government shelters and services to move to permanent housing National Coalition for the Homeless, a non-profit, advocacy organization ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 8
Programs for the Poor 1. TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) 2. SSI ( Supplemental Security Income) for the disabled, aged and low-income 3. Medicaid-health coverage for the poor 4. Food Stamps 5. Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) 6. Earned Income Tax Credit ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 9
Case Study San Fernando Valley, California Latino Family Five family members, mother, father, and three kids under five years old Undocumented parents, children were born in the U.S. Father was injured in construction labor force with no health benefits Family is receiving free food from a local food pantry ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 10
Case Study (Two) Asian- American family in a domestic violence social situation Mother is Vietnamese with limited English and working skills and the father, abuser is a middle class Chinese business man Mother escape from the home with two latency aged children to local domestic violence shelter The mother and children have no income in the shelter for clothes and expenses ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 11
Case Study (Three) African-American 52 year old schizophrenic woman living on the streets in Van Nuys after the death of her elderly mother Ms. R. had stopped taking her medication and began to use illegal drugs on the streets She received a flyer from a local agency for the homeless mentally ill offering her help She is receiving food five days a week ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 12
The Social Work Profession The social work profession worldwide is committed to eliminating poverty and homelessness. In the U.S. our Code of Ethics says “the primary mission of the social work profession is to enhance human well-being and help meet the basic human needs of all People, with particular emphasis to the needs and empowerment of people are vulnerable, oppressed and living in poverty”. Source: NASW, Code Of Ethics, 1996 ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 13
References Fram, M., Miller-Cribbs, J. and Horn (2007) Poverty, race and the contexts of achievement: Examing educational experiences in the U.S. South Social Work 52 (4) Gilbert, N. and Terrell, P.(2005) Dimensions of Social Welfare Policy Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon. ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 14
References (Continue) Gingsberg, L. and Miller-Cribbs, J. (2005) Understanding Social Poblems, Policies and Programs. (Fourth Edition) Columbia, S.C.: USC Press. Rank, M. (2008) Poverty Encyclopedia of Social Work 20 th Ed. Vol U.S. Census (2006) Poverty ©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 15
Social Welfare System....Those goods and services that a society believes to be a collective responsibility. Although the terms convey a sense of order,
MODULE ONE Understanding Marginalized Populations.
Chapter 9 Section 3. Definition is complex. Economic Condition: Income housing and standard of living. Lack of Basic needs: food, clothing, shelter Self.
Homelessness. Causes of Homelessness Poverty Lack of Employment and Housing Lack of Public Assistance Lack of Affordable Health Care Domestic Violence.
The state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; condition of being poor. Absolute poverty or destitution refers to.
Chapter 23 Section 3. Income Inequality Three Influences on Income Incomes differ for several reasons. Education, family wealth, and discrimination are.
E151U: Housing & Urban Development Homelessness Images of the Homeless When you hear the word homeless, what do you visualize?
Poverty and Economic Inequality Chapter 8. Social Welfare Policy and Social Programs: A Values Perspective, by Elizabeth Segal Copyright 2007, Brooks/Cole,
Chapter 23.3 Government, the Economy and You. Income Inequality Education, family wealth and discrimination are common reasons for income differences.
Poverty Programs. NEW DEAL REFORMS Created during the Depression President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Chapter 3 Section 4. Providing a Safety Net What role does the government play in fighting poverty? What role does the government play in fighting poverty?
Poverty = when a person’s income and resources to not allow him/her to achieve a minimum standard of living Minimum standard varies from country to.
Economic Challenges Chapter 13 Section 3 Poverty.
The Gap Analysis and Homeless Populations Metro Detroit’s Community Summit on Ending Homelessness.
What Is Meant By “Poverty”? Official measure The U.S. Census Bureau establishes annual income thresholds to measure poverty and estimate the number of.
Visions and Voices of Hope: Homeless as Humans What do you know about poverty and homelessness in Colorado Springs and the larger community?
WIA Youth Eligibility Training 2010 Presentation.
Health Care of at Risk Aggregate: Low Income Pregnant Women Kelley Deaton College of Nursing University of Central Florida.
Renea Lombardi PHE 410. The gap between rich and poor is now approaching levels not seen since the late 1920s In 2007, 37.3 million people were living.
Chapter 3 section 4 Providing a Safety Net Income and Poverty In a Market economy, income depends primarily on earnings, which depend on the value of each.
Snapshot of America’s Children 2015 AAPD Pediatric Oral Health Research and Policy Center.
McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 11: Income Inequality and Poverty Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Providing a Safety Net. The Poverty Problem The wealth has spread unevenly throughout society as the free market has generated wealth. Some people are.
Homelessness Sociology Facts and findings -
Poverty in America The Economics of Poverty. Statistics Poverty in America Over half the world lives on under $2.00 per day. In 2003, over 12% of all.
Chapter 8 Section 3 Poverty. 13 % of American live below the poverty live (37 million) Poverty is defined as the standard of living that is below.
© 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. ECONOMICS: PRINCIPLES IN ACTION C H A P T E R 3 AMERICAN FREE ENTERPRISE.
Providing a Safety Net. Why Households Differ One of the main reasons why household income differs is because the number of household members who work.
To provide Public goods and services: National Defense Police and fire protection Courts and correctional institutions. Public Parks Streets,
Unit 1 Economic Concepts Chapter 3.4 Economics Mr. Biggs.
Food 24/7. 2 Our Programs FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAMS Food Assistance Program – Agency Partners Operation Brown Bag Family Harvest Produce Mobile Mobile.
P OVERTY. H ISTORY Poverty in the U.S. was at its worst during the Great Depression Population suffered widespread hardship Millions of Americans were.
US Government Programs to Reduce Social and Economic Inequality Describe two of the main US Government programs that aim to reduce social and economic.
Understanding More About Poverty, Monica Bogucki, B.S.W., J.D copyright Monica Bogucki Understanding More About Poverty, Monica Bogucki, B.S.W.,
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT FOR FAMILIES AND INDIVIDUALS. 1. Most government programs providing benefits for citizens were developed during the NEW DEAL (Franklin.
Persons in Family or Household 48 Contiguous States and D.C. AlaskaHawaii 1$10,400$13,000$11, ,00017,50016, ,60022,00020, ,20026,50024,380.
Immigrants and Public Benefits What makes an immigrant a “public charge”
No precise legal meaning for “family” Different interpretations for zoning, insurance, Social Security, inheritance, etc Class definition:
3.4 Providing a Safety Net NCEE Standard 13: Role of Resources in Determining Incomes.
What is presentation about? Who is homeless person? Briefly history of homeless in US Programs and policy What Americans are thinking about homeless?
Chapter 13: Economic Challenges Section 3. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2Chapter 13, Section 3 Objectives 1.Define who is poor, according.
Dawn Burgess, Ed. D Helping the Homeless Unit 7 Seminar.
Gender Stratification: the ranking of the sexes in such a way that women are unequal in power, resources, and opportunities.
Poverty, Welfare, and Women Chapter 12. Measuring Poverty Absolute Measure of Poverty –People living below a certain threshold Relative Income Poverty.
TRAINING SERIES WIA Adult Eligibility WIA Workforce Investment Act.
Social Issues in the U.S.A. by Sigrid Brevik Wangsness 5 November 2012.
Inequality and social policy Growing Inequality since ‘74.
Income Inequality, Poverty, and Discrimination Chapter 20 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.