Presentation on theme: "Twentieth Century American Classical Music Composers, Performers, and the Introduction of Film to the Classical World."— Presentation transcript:
Twentieth Century American Classical Music Composers, Performers, and the Introduction of Film to the Classical World
Aaron Copland Born November 14, 1900, in Brooklyn, NY. Decided to become a composer by age 15. Studied music composition in Paris. Was famous for his musical characterization of American folk themes in an expressive, modern style.
Aaron Copland Appalachian Spring Commissioned by a dancer, Martha Graham Listen for the Shaker tune, “Simple Gifts”! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= vE6n2q7ebdI It tells the story of a spring celebration of American pioneers of the 19th century after building a new farmhouse. Used more traditional methods of writing music than his competitors, such as Charles Ives. To the modern listener, this might mean that Copland’s music is much more pleasant to listen to. Many of Copland’s famous works will be familiar to the ear. These works which were all ballets, include: Billy The Kid, Rodeo, and Appalachian Spring.
Aaron Copland “Fanfare for the Common Man” Written in 1942 One of 18 fanfares commissioned of American Composers by Eugene Goossens to begin concerts during WWII. Copland’s piece is the only fanfare of the set that remains famous. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zEro8pG0hiE Aaron Copland died on December 2, 1990
Charles Ives Born October 20, 1874, in Danbury, Connecticut. He is known for being experimental with his music, and is known for a number of innovations that anticipated most of the later developments of the 20 th Century.
Charles Ives Ives pulled from American culture and experience to write his compositions, especially that of New England. More specifically, he integrated quotations from popular tunes, revival hymns, barn dances, and classical European Music. Chorale from 3 Quarter-Tone Pieces http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0JESZY4VK68 The Unanswered Question http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbArUJBRRJ0
John Milton Cage, Jr. Born September 5, 1912, Los Angeles, California. Known for his inventive compositions and unorthodox ideas which profoundly influenced mid-20 th Century music. Known for his use of the prepared piano.
John Cage Perhaps Cage’s most famous piece is his 4’33”, Four Minutes and Thirty-Three Seconds. Why is there no link to listen to this piece? It is what we call a “sound-scape”. The music is literally sitting silently, and listening to all the noises made around you, for four minutes and thirty-three seconds. Try it!
John Philip Sousa Born on November 6, 1854, in Washington DC. Is often referred to as “the March King”. Was an American bandmaster, and composer of military marches.
John Philip Sousa Joined the Marine Corps as an apprentice in the Marine band. He built up a formidable reputation as a bandmaster of great precision, and held his group to the highest standard of performance. The Stars and Stripes Forever http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a-7XWhyvIpE
The Synthesizer The first music synthesizers were RCA Electronic Music Synthesizers, designed by Harry Olson, and Herbert Belar in New Jersey, 1955. The synthesizer infiltrated all genres of music, making music-producing much more cost effective than entire orchestras, or small ensembles.
Synthesizers Edgar Varese “Poem Electronique” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7AIiTeKBUc The development of synthesizers was important, because we cannot find a genre of music today that is untouched by them. There are entire classical pieces of music that are written specifically for a synthesizer. Other genres, such as Rap, and R&B, owe much of their existence to synthesizers.
John Williams Born February 8, 1932, on Long Island, NY. The most famous film composer living today, and arguably one of the most famous classical composers of the 20 th century.
John Williams Known for numerous film scores, it is impossible to be unaffected by the music of John Williams. He has written the music for Star Wars, Superman, Indiana Jones, Schindler’s List, Jurassic Park, JFK, Saving Private Ryan, E.T., Jaws, and most recently, Harry Potter, and Lincoln. He is one of the few composers that continues to write his music with pencil and paper, instead of relying on electronics. (This was true until Harry Potter, when he used a synthesizer for budgetary reasons.)
John Williams Superman theme http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QxiZ0aXVJE8 Schindler’s List theme http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_Ab0ci6UGQ&f eature=related Star Wars Darth Vader’s theme http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-bzWSJG93P8 Olympic Fanfare http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E bHw8DBCXQ8
American Performers of Classical Music The 20 th Century provided the world with the most internationally renowned American performers in the history of the US. These include vocalists, pianists, and instrumentalists of all types.
American Performers Kathleen Battle, African-American opera star from Portsmouth, Ohio. Sang for Pope Benedict XVI when he came to the US. Wynton Marsalis, African-American trumpet player from New Orleans. Kathleen Battle and Wynton Marsalis performing “Eternal Source of Light Divine” by G. F. Handel. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2MuCCbg0k_0
American Performers Virgil Fox was one of the greatest American classical performers, because he was such a great show- man. Virgil Fox, Gigue Fugue http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-y5leAJm6I Other famous, internationally renowned performers include: Beverly Sills, American opera star; Paul Jacobs, and Virgil Fox, both organists; Jonathan Cohler, clarinet; Amy Cheney Beach, a pianist.
Twentieth Century Sacred Music The Contribution of the United States to Sacred and Liturgical Music
Sacred Music The United States’ contribution to sacred music is primarily that of African-American spirituals, which are used in almost every Christian denomination. This music was developed by the African slaves in Southern United States. Elvis Presley, “Take My Hand, Precious Lord” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7 zsm_-zjPic
Spirituals Some of the most popular spirituals include: Amazing Grace, Just a Closer Walk With Thee, Wade in the Water, Ain’a That Good News, Swing Low Sweet Chariot. Paul Robeson singing, “Let My people Go”. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gtLcELU1brA
Praise and Worship Music This is a genre of Sacred Music that is very prevalent in Christian denominations today. It has its roots in the Taize community from France, but owes its development to the Jesus People in America. “Here I Am to Worship” Written in 1999 by Tim Hughes, and performed by Michael W. Smith http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= CoxopsRSfdU
Other American Contributions to Sacred Music Introit from Pentecost Sunday http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMFm-ALQVak The Catholic Church has used Gregorian Chant since the Middle Ages. After the Novus Ordo mass was developed, however, Church officials decided that the Latin language was not accessible to the American people, and so the “Simple English Propers” were developed. The English language was set to chant notation by Adam Bartlett.
Choral Music Eric Whitacre “Lux Aurumque” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2TvHDKWD 6m4 As a spin-off of early choral music (polyphony), several American composers have written music for choirs. These works were intended to be sung at Mass or worship services, as a “motet”, a piece of music done by the choir, for the congregation to enjoy without participating.
Katrina L. Keat, sophomore November 19, 2012 PS 150, Dr. Settich Information from Encyclopedia Britannica and YouTube, with aid from the Benedictine College Music Students.