Presentation on theme: "Adaptive Sports & Recreation: History Current Trends Case Studies."— Presentation transcript:
Adaptive Sports & Recreation: History Current Trends Case Studies
PRESENTERS: Kathleen Salas, PT, MHA Clinical Specialist- Salem Spaulding Adaptive Sports Centers – North Shore Coordinator Ali Stoll, PT, DPT Physical Therapist –Boston Spaulding Adaptive Sports Centers- Boston Coordinator
Objectives: Appreciate the underpinnings of adaptive sports & recreation Understand numerous benefits of adaptive & inclusive recreation Be familiar with current trends in adaptive sports Understand & brainstorm adaptations for sports and activities Increase awareness of adaptive resources
Brief History of Inclusion 1800s Perkin’s School for the Blind-1 st P.E. program 1930s public schools created separate gym classes 1950s Kennedy Foundation attention on cognitive disabilities 1972 IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act=equal educational opportunities 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act: mobility-related mandates: equal access to gyms, parks & recreation (trail width, picnic table height, pools, golf) www.adachecklist.org www.adachecklist.org
Brief History of Adaptive Sports 1924 – Deaflympics Veterans post WW2 led to rise in wheelchair basketball 1948 International Paralympic Committee -> 1960 first Summer Games Returning Vietnam Vets & new amputees founded National Handicapped Sports and Recreation Association in 1968; skiing Special Olympics also founded 1968 2013 US Dep’t of Education: Equal access to school sports for the disabled!.
Importance of Adaptive Recreation Multiple factors affect life satisfaction: family, community, work. When individuals do not feel satisfied, motivation to participate and contribute in each area also decreases. Individuals with disabilities felt 27% less satisfied with life than individuals without disabilities. Survey conducted by the National Organization on Disability (2004), Shank, Coyle, Boyd and Kinney (1996) believe recreation, leisure and play improve quality of life and “improve and maintain physical and psychological health and well-being” (p. 190). http://js.sagamorepub.com/trj/article/view/1202
Importance of Adaptive Recreation One in four Americans ages five and older have at least one disability. Only 12% of adults with a disability meet the minimum physical activity recommendations 30 minutes of moderate physical activity >5/week or 20 minutes of rigorous activity >3/week Physical inactivity among people who have a disability has been linked to an increase in the severity of the disability and a decrease in involvement in the community” Centers for Disease Control 2010
Over the past 14 years, the Spaulding Rehabilitation Network has enabled individuals of all abilities to lead active, healthy lifestyles, through participation in sports and recreational pursuits. Children and adults participate in Spaulding Adaptive Sports Center (SASC) programs under the supervision of adaptive sports professionals & Spaulding therapists, providing the perfect environment to try a new sport or get back to one you always loved.
Adaptive Sport Research
Improvements in strength and endurance were greater in those who participated >5 days than 3-5 days Adaptive Sports: Physical Gains
Improved confidence and self-esteem not related to frequency of participation Even a single session with SASC Boston may have a positive emotional impact on an individual Intangibles: Independence & Empowerment Adaptive Sports: Emotional Benefits
Did participation in the SASC Boston Program motivate you to exercise more regularly? 88% answered YES! Potential Lifestyle Changes Our research suggests once an individual participates in adaptive recreation, they may perceive fewer barriers to an active lifestyle.
What’s New in Spaulding
What’s New Spaulding National Running Center, Cambridge Prosthetic Research Global advances in prosthetic technology
Inclusion for recreation & sports Historically: separate sports only for those with disabilities & special needs. Current choices: Disabled students/athletes can play on existing teams (track & field, swimming) OR Disabled athletes play on their own leagues (power wheelchair soccer, sled hockey) Consider integrated sports like w/c basketball & seated volleyball?
How to build Adaptive Sports? Certifications: some separate vs some adaptive training in addition to sport certifications. Paraympic Sport Movement
What makes activities adaptive? Not just the special gear… Equipment modifications + Environment considerations + Individualized teaching for student’s learning style & pace + Brainstorming with clients to focus on abilities =Empowerment
Who Can Participate? Minimal Eligibility Requirements Minimal Eligibility Requirements: Transfer with assist Sitting tolerance > 20-30 minutes Stable cognition (alert & oriented) Communication established Sport specifics + Courage Open mind Transport & $ Our role is to remove as many barriers as possible
Neuromuscular: amputations stroke Traumatic brain injury SCI Cerebral palsy Behavioral: Mental health PTSD Cognitive: Developmental delays Autism Sensory dysfunction: Visual or hearing impairments Orthopedics: OA, RA All ages & people with….
How do we adapt equipment? 1. Bikes LE recumbent trikes Pedal, breaking, and shifting modifications Tandem capability Foot plates Ab/adduction bars
How do we adapt equipment? Arm Bikes Handcycle types Seating modifications Pedal grip modifications Brake/shifter location
How do we adapt equipment? 2. Kayaking Seating modifications Paddle grip modifications
How do we adapt equipment? 3. Golf Solo rider golf cart Seated Swing Balance assistance One arm swing modifications Ergonomics Clubs
How do we adapt equipment? 4. Rock Wall Climbing Ascending devices: single or double handed Harnesses: Hoyer like, Chair, Thoracic Min to Max pulley assist
How do we adapt equipment? 5. Skiing Mono-Ski Bi-Ski & Tethered sit-skis Stand up skiers with outriggers: 3 & 4 Trackers Snowboarding Nordic
How do we adapt equipment? 6. Court Sports Wheelchairs – cambered wheels, wider base, quicker turning radius
77. Adaptive Skating Skates + “walkers” Yak track treads Sled Hockey: sit sleds + sticks= Paralympic level How do we adapt equipment?
8. Therapeutic Riding Saddle options Rein adaptations Stirrups or not Transfer lift + Wheelchair ramp 1 Lead + 2 side walkers How do we adapt equipment?
9.Archery Grip support Bow support/mount Mouth tab Target distance How do we adapt equipment?
Case Studies: considerations & safety Consider Accessibility: environment, terrain, restrooms, parking Clothing (dressing for New England weather!) Heat and hydration prevention Skin: seating & positioning for high contact areas Sport specific pre-activity screens (water safety) Equipment (helmets, braking, steering)
Group activity - problem solving You will be given a participant with challenges and/or special requirements Adapt the activity, address the following: –barriers –equipment choices and modifications –precautions before & during activity –specific benefits for your participant Present your participant and how you have adapted the activity.
Resources Local SASC Partners: Acces Sport America CAPEable Adventures Northeast Passage New England Disabled Sports Community Rowing Community Boating Piers Park Sailing MA DCR Universal Access National Organizations: Disabled Sports USA (DSUSA) US Paralympics & Regional Chapters Wounded Warriors Adaptive Sport Equipment Grants: Challenged Athlete Foundation Kelly Brush Foundation Travis Roy Foundation Community Options: Consider COA, Sr. Centers, Park & Rec, YMCA, B & G
Kathleen Comfort Salas, North Shore 978-745-9003 extension 8835 email@example.com Questions? Ali Stoll, Boston 617-573-7104 firstname.lastname@example.org SASC Network Contacts: Activities yield challenges + benefits Multi-disciplinary team Low staff: client ratio