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Structured Dramatic Play in the Early Childhood Classroom to Develop Language, Cognition, and Social Interaction Jennifer Preschern, MA CCC-SLP, MA Learning.

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Presentation on theme: "Structured Dramatic Play in the Early Childhood Classroom to Develop Language, Cognition, and Social Interaction Jennifer Preschern, MA CCC-SLP, MA Learning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Structured Dramatic Play in the Early Childhood Classroom to Develop Language, Cognition, and Social Interaction Jennifer Preschern, MA CCC-SLP, MA Learning Disabilities Elisa Leporini, LCSW

2 Agenda Overview of Structured Play Setting up a lesson Embedding language and social skills Make and Take

3 What is structured play? Language Enrichment Plan-Play-Report Embedded Literacy

4 Play-Literacy Nexus Language Play Early Literacy (Roskos and Christie, 2011)

5 Inter-disciplinary Team Roles Classroom teacher Speech-language pathologist Social worker Special education

6 Why structure play? Research-backed improvements in: Overall cognition Problem solving Executive Functioning Language skills, including vocabulary Early literacy skills

7 Research support “The plan-play-report intervention is effective for improving social skills and promoting advances in children's cognitive and communicative development.” (Craig-Unkefer & Kaiser, 2003) “The intention of play planning and resulting play appears to exercise mature play behaviors that are foundational in executive functioning, namely inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitively flexibility. (Diamond et. Al, 2008) “Results from the study provide support for the inclusion of systematic training of scripts to enhance interaction and communication skills among children with and without disabilities using socio-dramatic play. “(Goldstein & Cisar, 1992) “Children learn vocabulary best when the teacher provides opportunities to use and practice vocabulary in context.” ( Newman, Susan and Julie Dwyer, 2009) “One way to improve vocabulary through literacy is to have children “re-enact the book, making up their own versions of the story.(Wilcox, 2001) “Literacy enriched play increases promotes literacy behaviors.” (Morrow and Schickedanz 2006) “Preschools with language impairments do not enter conversations as often as typically developing children” (Hadley & Rice, 1991) “

8 Dramatic Play Materials Book Visuals Props

9 Structuring a lesson Book: Vocabulary Building, Play Schemes Language activity Play Clean-up Report

10 Visual Supports 1. Visual lesson plan: Provide structure of lesson, build language for transition words (first.. then…last)

11 Visual Supports 2.Writing Sheets

12 Visual Supports 3. Characters: Choose a role and re-tell scenes

13 Book Reading to Build Vocabulary Choose Tier 2 words Give word.. Kids repeat… Give example and non-example… kids repeat word.. Use in your language Isabel Beck Bringing Words to Life, 2002

14 Adapt Books

15 Language Activities 1.Categorizing

16 Language Activities 2. Pronouns (He/She, His/Her)

17 Language Activities 3. Basic Concepts (prepositions, color, size)

18 Language Activities 4. Answering WH ?

19 Language Activities 5. Describing and Requesting

20 Early Literacy Using writing and reading for a purpose

21 Play Parallel Play Vs. Dramatic Play Less to More Support Encourage kids to use words with each other

22 You need shared language to play together! First Week Observe: Turn Taking Use of Language Play Scheme Length of Engagement with peers (boy in video)

23 Fourth Week… Observe: Turn Taking Use of Language Play Scheme Length of Engagement with peers (boy in video) BDo&list=UUOOGUumSCvysj3_nnc4ceug&feat ure=c4-overview

24 Building Language with Clean Up Following Directions Sorting by category

25 Report Past Tense Grammar Narrative Language Problem Solving

26 Find the Tier 2 words Early in the morning, Mr. Baker gets ready to make cookies. He counts and measures the ingredients for his recipes. He mixes the cookie dough. Then, he rolls out the dough and cuts out shapes with cookie cutters. The cookies bake in the oven. Out they come, nicely browned. What a smell! Mr. Baker decorates the cookies with icing and colored sprinkles. Now he is ready for customers. (from: Mr. Cookie Baker by Monica Wellington) Model It- Repeat It- Examples/Non Examples

27 Build A Lesson Pick a book you have Language activity Early Literacy Writing Log Ideas What props for play

28 Share

29 Questions and Answers

30 Jennifer Preschern, MA CCC-SLP Elisa Leporini Handouts available at: We are also looking

31 References Beck, Isabel. Bringing Words to Life Craig-Unkefer, Lesley and Kaiser, Ann. “Increasing Peer-Directed Social- Communication Skills of Children Enrolled in Head Start.” Journal of Early Intervention, Volume 25, Diamond, Adele, W. Steven Barnett, Jessica Thomas, and Sarah Munro. “Preschool Program Improves Cognitive Control.” Science, Hadley, Pamela. Rice, Mabel. “Conversational Responsiveness of Speech and Language Impaired Preschoolers.” Journal of Speech and Hearing Research. December, Goldstein, H., and Cisar, C. “Promoting interaction during sociodramtic play: teaching scripts to typical preschoolers and classmates with disabilities.” Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25, Morrow, Lesley, and Judith Schickedanz. “The Relationships between Sociodramatic Play and Literacy Development.” In Handbook of Early Literacy Research, vol. 2, Neuman, Susan and Julie Dwyer. “Missing in Action: Vocabulary Instruction in Pre-K” The Reading Teacher, February Roskos, Kathleen and James Christie. The Play-Literacy Nexus and the Importance of Evidence-Based Techniques in the Classroom. American Journal of Play, 2011 Wilcox, M.J., Murphy, K.M., Bacon, C.K., and Thomas, S. Improving language teaching practices in preschool classrooms. Infant Child Research Programs, Arizona State University, Tempe Arizona,


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