Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL INFORMATICS DR. ALI M. HADIANFARD FACULTY MEMBER OF AJUMS"— Presentation transcript:
INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL INFORMATICS DR. ALI M. HADIANFARD FACULTY MEMBER OF AJUMS
Further reading Biomedical informatics computer applications in health care and biomedicine (3rd edition), Edward H. Shortliffe, 2006 (chapter 1). ABC of health informatics, Frank Sullivan and Jeremy C Wyatt, 2006 (chapter 1). Informatics for healthcare professionals, Kathleen M. Young, 2000 (chapters 1 and 2).
The process of creating/gathering, storing, finding/retrieving, manipulating/analyzing/interpreting, displaying, and sharing information What is Informatics? In 1968, the term “Informatics” was used to indicate that a vast volume of information can be managed through computer technology Information Management Informatics is made up of the elements of Data, Information, and Knowledge
What is Medical Informatics? This term was coined in the mid-1970s. It comes from the French expression ‘informatique Médicale’ The study of applying computer technology to manage medical information in order to affect medical care and support problem-solving and decision-making Medical informatics as an interdisciplinary scientific field includes: Computer science; Health care science; Information science; and Cognitive science Due to quick and continuous changes in medicine and information technology, the nature and definition of medical informatics is active Can be considered as the cognitive process ( the thought process) selecting a logical choice from the available alternatives. A multidisciplinary domain including cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, anthropology, and philosophy to develop theories about human perception, thinking, and learning
Health Informatics the terms: “Health Informatics”; “Health Care Informatics”; and “Clinical Informatics” are very popular. It seems that regardless of the difference between medical and health terms, these terms to be synonymous and exchangeable with Medical Informatics Earlier terms (not common): Medical Computing Medical Information Science
Medical Informatics domain Electronic Health Record (including Expert Systems and Clinical Decision Support Systems) Medical Imaging Processing Hospital (Health) Information Systems Telemedicine Consumer Health Informatics (The study, implementation, and development of computers and telecommunications to support consumers in obtaining information, analyzing their unique health care needs and helping them make decisions about their own health) Discipline Informatics (such as Nursing Informatics, Dental Informatics, Nutrition Informatics, pharmacy informatics, and so on) Information Retrieval Systems Evidence-based Medicine Clinical Research Informatics Medical Education (including Patient Education)
Biomedicine Biomedicine is also known as Biomedical Informatics is a wide-ranging term that encompasses the Bioinformatics domain and the Medical Informatics field Bioinformatics demonstrates the combination of biology (including human genetics) and information technology Biomedical Engineering indicates the hardware aspect of medicine and focuses on applying computer technology in medical devices
Relationship between the terms Bioinforma tics Imaging informatics Clinical informatics Public health informatics Biomedical Informatics Molecular and cellular processes Tissues and organs Individuals (patients) Populations and society Area
Some Journals on medical Informatics Journal of The American Medical Informatics Association BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making Methods of Information in Medicine Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
Associations on medical Informatics AMIA - American Medical Informatics Association AMIA - American Medical Informatics Association IMIA - International Medical Informatics Association IMIA - International Medical Informatics Association HIMSS - Health Information Management Systems Society HIMSS - Health Information Management Systems Society AMDIS - Association of Medical Director of Information Systems AMDIS - Association of Medical Director of Information Systems AHIMA - American Health Information Management Association AHIMA - American Health Information Management Association E-health Initiative Medical Library Association NLM - National Library of Medicine
Is there any difference between health information management and medical informatics? What do you think?