Presentation on theme: "TEXAS REGIONAL COLLABORATIVES for Excellence in Science and Mathematics Teaching Conference for the Advancement of Science Teaching Dallas, Texas November."— Presentation transcript:
TEXAS REGIONAL COLLABORATIVES for Excellence in Science and Mathematics Teaching Conference for the Advancement of Science Teaching Dallas, Texas November 17-19, 2011 Kathleen Jeremiassen Formative Assessment for Engagement & Learning
Formative Assessment for Engagement & Learning: PART of the WHOLE Kathleen Jeremiassen Irma Dru Hutchison Elementary Lamar CISD
“... the most basic elements of an effective lesson: an essential, clearly defined learning objective followed by careful modeling or a clear sequence of steps, punctuated by: efforts during the lesson to see how well students are paying attention and/or learning the material.” -- Mike Schmoker, Results Now
Sounds simple, right? Attention Notice taken of someone or something; the regarding of someone or something as interesting or important. Engagement Cognitive -consists of beliefs and values: rigor through higher level experiences and relevance through meaningful work Emotional - consists of motivation and feelings: establishing relationships, classroom environment Behavioral - consists of habits and skills: procedures, transitions, expectations VS
Reality Check? How do the learning experiences we provide make our students feel?
WHAT ARE FAs? FORMATIVE ASSESSMENTS are: – quick checks for understanding – aligned with the daily objective – to provide evidence of learning
WHY USE THEM? ENGAGEMENT : TEACHER-TO-STUDENT STUDENT-TO-TEACHER STUDENT-TO-STUDENT HIGHER ORDER THINKING UNCOVER MISCONCEPTIONS UNCOVER PRIOR KNOWLEDGE CONSTRUCT NEW KNOWLEDGE ONGOING ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING
WHAT IS IT FOR THE TEACHER? Monitor student progress Evaluates own practice Evaluates engagement Assesses small parts of learning Engages students in higher order thinking & constructive products Higher performance on summative assessments
WHAT IS IT FOR THE STUDENT? Self-reflection Self-evaluation Student centered engagement Student constructed learning, higher order thinking & authentic products Pieces together parts of learning objectives Prepares success on summative assessments
Whoever is doing most of the talking…. ends up doing most of the learning.
WHAT THEY PRODUCE: Non-threatening results for students – Lowers the stakes for taking risks – Creates environment for learning Direct and Immediate Feedback – Teacher and student Structured Information – Links instruction/activity to learning Intervention – Identifies weaknesses in student learning – Narrows the learning gap
Examples of Formative Assessment for Learning: Individual White Boards Think Pair Share or Elbow Partners Four Corner Instruction Admit Slips and Exit Slips Response logs for reflective thinking Graphic Organizers: Mind Maps, T-chart, Frayer Model Post-it Note responses Active Votes/”Clickers” Foldables Illustrations Yes/No, True/False, Green/Yellow/Red Cards Interactive Note Booking Popsicle stick questioning
Group Efficacy Build community through shared learning experiences
Do they work in a 5E model? Yes! Learning Cycle TargetFormative Assessment Engage “The Newbie Know” Front load Lesson with Event or Question Engage students prior knowledge, illuminate misconceptions & connect ideas before lesson to inform instruction, Explore “Check & Fix” Hands-on Experience Clarify new understanding, make new connections from observations and inference within the lesson to inform instruction Explain “Mastery Check” Construct Explanation Construct explanations of new understanding, & connections to learning objective Elaborate “Bloom’s Stretch” Apply & Reflect Use metacognition to reflect on learning, challenge students to apply new knowledge & skills to new situations or related concepts under learning objective or Big Idea Evaluate “Jell-O Test” AssessmentStudents assess their own knowledge, skills & abilities through reflection, questions, or performance test
Commit and Toss Provide student time to answer Prompt Students “commit” to an answer and “toss” their response in the room (multiple choice, checklist, open response, T/F…) Students responses are now anonymous and are shared No response is “right” or “wrong”, just an idea to be explored --Paige Keeley, et. al activity sample
I used to think, but now I know… Students reflect on their misconceptions or prior knowledge and determine their new thoughts and understanding based on a classroom lesson or experience I used to think… But now I know… Foldable
I think, We Think Provide students time to write down what they think Provide students time to share in small group and explore each others thinking, report to whole class common thoughts – “Our Class Thinks” Try: How are Weathering & Erosion interrelated?
Concept Cartoon Students look at cartoon and choose science concept that best matches their understanding Students justify answer with a written or verbal response
Annotating Student Drawings Students draw a concept and annotate to show meaning and understanding Visual representation helps students make sense of their own understanding Felice Frankel, PI; Picturing to Learn Try: Life Cycle or Food Web
Free Sites for Creating Cartoons MakeBeliefsComix.com MarvelKids.com’s Create your Own Comics Pixton ToonDoo Strip Generator Pikistrips
Annotate a Photograph http://serc.ca rleton.edu/esl abs/climate/2 a.html
Ten-Two For every 10 minutes of whole group instruction, video, audio or other presentation = 2 minutes of reflection and summarizing Writing notes, drawings, key words Try: Write down what you have learned so far.
Fist to Five Students show their understanding on a scale from 0 to 5 A fist means, “no clue”, 5 fingers means, “I understand completely and can explain it to someone”
Two Stars and a Wish Teacher provides 2 positive comments to reinforce what students know and 1 comment of encourages revision, correction or further improvement
Two things I liked (or noticed): One thing I wish:
3, 2, 1 3 key ideas I will remember 2 things I am still struggling with 1 thing that will help me tomorrow
Agreement Circles Students stand in a circle as teacher reads a statement Students who agree with statement move to the middle, Students who disagree stay on the circumference Students on the inside of circle face those on the circumference and students pair share their thinking Teachers ask for students to decide if their discussion changes their mind or stays firm, students are asked to reposition themselves if they changed their mind Goal is to get all students in center of circle or on the circumference Try: Is global warming occurring?
Refute or Defend Analyze statement Refute or Defend Justify Try: Environmental sustainability is a global concern.
Missed Conception Analyze statement about a science concept Describe why people might think it is true Help understand misconceptions and develop learning empathy Some people think that putting salt on icy side walks is a good practice because “salt will melt the ice.”
Give me Five Provide time for students to think about the lesson activity Five students share their reflection
Looking Back (&Forward) Students summarize their learning of a concept or skill Explain how they learned it Connect learning to process to new knowledge or skill What I Learned About… How I Learned It… Foldable What I wonder…
Fact First Questioning Turn questions around from “What” to “Why”, “How”, “Explain the process…” – Elicits deeper thinking and richer response and classroom discussion Provide wait time Scaffold questions to support student explanations and elaborations
Odd One Out Find which doesn’t belong in the group Justify Similarities and differences Relationships forms, functions, cycles, behaviors, patterns, properties…
Recognizing Exceptions Target overgeneralizations Question asks for the exception
Analogies Students attach own meaning to scientific concepts, functions, structures, etc. to relate to something familiar.
Four Corners Teacher posts four possible answers or ideas for a question or a concept Student move to the corner that matches best with their understanding Students discuss ideas in groups and share with class
Teacher Feedback Germination of a seed A blooming flower Egg -> cracked egg -> chick Picture Feedback
Point of Most Significance (POMS) Students reflect on lesson or experience and identify key points of lesson objectives & big ideas Teacher prompts students, “Today we…” Try: Write down the most significant points of Formal Assessments
Lastly… and this takes guts: “Hot Topic” interest Scale Parking Lot
Resources Science Formative Assessment by Page Keeley Uncovering Student Ideas in Science by Page Keeley Common Formative Assessments by Larry Ainsworth & Donald Viegut Working on the Work by Phillip Schlechty The Highly Engaged Classroom & Formative Assessment & Standard Based Grading both by Robert J. Marzano Bill McBride:http://billmcbride.pbworks.com
CAMPUS USE OF FAs: 1.Lesson planning: Focus FA on the standard or a skill (the verb in the objective). 2.Design FA to target Big Idea, Essential questions, Objectives 3.Build in Rubrics, formal or informal, to measure how well students show mastery of lesson objective. 4.Prepare for Intervention, have follow up time for remediation. 5.Discuss and Present at Team Meetings, PLCs & Vertical Team Meetings.
WHAT THEY ARE NOT!! Unit Objective instead of a lesson objective Activity NOT focused on standard or a skill What but no Why – No power verb set to the objective in activity. Not measurable – How will the teacher know if the students “understand” or “know”? Boring!
Now Let’s Try Some: Commit and Toss I used to think, but now I know I Think, We Think, Our Class Thinks Concept Cartoon Annotated Student Drawings Annotate a photograph Ten-Two POMS Muddiest Point Fist to Five Give me Five Two Stars and a Wish 3, 2, 1 Agreement Circles Refute or Defend Missed Conception Look Back Fact First Questioning Odd One Out Recognizing Exceptions Analogies Four Corners Teacher Feedback