Presentation on theme: "Insights from a Matched Sample in Canada and Australia Ross A. Klein, Memorial University of Newfoundland Deirdre Cheers, Barnardos South East Sydney &"— Presentation transcript:
Insights from a Matched Sample in Canada and Australia Ross A. Klein, Memorial University of Newfoundland Deirdre Cheers, Barnardos South East Sydney & The LAC Project Kathleen Kufeldt, University of New Brunswick Annette Kelly-Egerton, Barnardos Australia Scott Rideout, University of New Brunswick 2006 Association of Children’s Welfare Agencies Conference 7th International Looking After Children Conference 14 – 16 August, Sydney, NSW. Looking After Children in the Looking Glass:
Looking After Children (LAC) Originally developed in the United Kingdom Theory development 1987 - 1991 Piloting and Revisions 1991 - 1995 Implementation 1995 - 1998 Assessment of Outcomes 1996 - 2002 Note: LAC has now been combined with the UK Assessment Framework to form the Integrated Children’s System (www.dfes.gov.uk/integratedchildrenssystem)
What is Looking After Children ? A comprehensive set of integrated tools (forms) for use with children and youth in care A guided practice case management system which provides a framework for recommended processes and actions An inclusive system which promotes participation of carers, parents, children and youth in the care assessment, planning and decision making process
LAC consists of: PLANNING & PLACEMENT FORMS Essential Information Records Parts 1 & 2 Essential Information Records Parts 1 & 2 Placement Plan Parts 1 & 2 Placement Plan Parts 1 & 2 Care Plan Care Plan Consultation Papers Consultation Papers Review of Arrangements Records Review of Arrangements Records ASSESSMENT & ACTION RECORDS Age Related Age Related 7 Developmental Dimensions 7 Developmental Dimensions
LAC in Canada 1997 - 2000 Eastern Canada (National Looking After Children Project-Kufeldt, Simard & Vachon) Eastern Canada (National Looking After Children Project-Kufeldt, Simard & Vachon) Ontario (LeMay & Flynn) Ontario (LeMay & Flynn) British Columbia (Provincial Government) British Columbia (Provincial Government) 2001 - 2002 OnLAC Ontario (University of Ottawa in conjunction with OACAS) OnLAC Ontario (University of Ottawa in conjunction with OACAS) 2002 - 2004 CanLAC (University of Ottawa in conjunction with OACAS and CWLC, with funding from HRDC) CanLAC (University of Ottawa in conjunction with OACAS and CWLC, with funding from HRDC) 2003 - 2006 Comparative Canada/Australia project University of New Brunswick (Kufeldt) Comparative Canada/Australia project University of New Brunswick (Kufeldt)
LAC in Australia 1993 Western Australia pilot (Clare) 1996 Victoria pilot (Clark & Burke, Wise) 1997 New South Wales - Barnardos Australia 2000 Australian Capital Territory: government launch 2001 Western Australia: full government launch 2002 Victoria: government launch 2003 Tasmania: government launch
The Canada/Australia Research Project The project “Looking After Children in government care: assessing and improving outcomes in Child Welfare” is funded by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) with principal researcher being Dr Kathleen Kufeldt (University of New Brunswick, Canada) Barnardos Australia is participating via provision of data on a sample of Australian children in long term foster care
Project Overall Goal: “to increase knowledge about the impact on children’s development when being cared for by the state because of parental abuse and neglect”
Research Design & Data Collection Primary Tool: LAC Assessment & Action Record Administered annually, covering 7 developmental dimensions: Health Health Education Education Identity Identity Emotional and Behavioural Development Emotional and Behavioural Development Social Presentation Social Presentation Family And Social Relationships Family And Social Relationships Self Care Skills Self Care Skills
Sample size 126 young people (63 from both NB and ACT), drawn from a larger sample of 198 youth (112 from NB and 86 from ACT) and 291 AARs. Matched for age and sex. Slightly more males than females (55% versus 44%) Two-thirds are 10 years of age or older.
HEALTH DIMENSION IMMUNIZATIONS DIET HEALTH RISKS
ACT youth more likely to receive hearing tests and NB youth more likely to have received age appropriate immunizations
NB youth significantly more likely to consume potatoes (including French fries/chips), milk and snack foods.
Percentage of young people reporting regular snack food consumption during the past 7 days
A higher proportion of NB youth reported receiving information related to sex and sexuality
NB youth spend a longer time in care as compared to their ACT peers
Regular family contact decreases with length of time in care
CONCLUSIONS The value of the AAR and companion documents as tools for practice as well as for research. Questions are raised about the emphasis on contact with birth parents, especially birth mothers. Differences between youth in ACT and NB … Some are artifacts of culture and location … Need for discussion, teasing out, and further analysis.
AUTHORS/CONTACT DETAILS: Ross Klein, Memorial University of Newfoundland firstname.lastname@example.org Deirdre Cheers, Barnardos Australia email@example.com Kathleen Kufeldt, University of New Brunswick firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Annette Kelly-Egerton, Barnardos Australia firstname.lastname@example.org Scott Rideout, University of New Brunswick email@example.com Copies of this paper are available for download at: http://www.cruisejunkie.com/LAC.pdf