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Sustainable Port Communities 1 st Hemispheric Convention on Port Environmental Protection July 23, 2009 Kathleen Bailey, National Port Sector Lead EPA.

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Presentation on theme: "Sustainable Port Communities 1 st Hemispheric Convention on Port Environmental Protection July 23, 2009 Kathleen Bailey, National Port Sector Lead EPA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sustainable Port Communities 1 st Hemispheric Convention on Port Environmental Protection July 23, 2009 Kathleen Bailey, National Port Sector Lead EPA Office of the Administrator, Office of Policy, Economics and Innovation, 202/566-2953,

2 Purpose –Provide an overview of EPA’s work with ports –Explain the culture change, i.e. proactive movement toward improved ‘environmental stewardship’ and ‘sustainability’ –Highlight Environmental Management Systems (EMSs) & how are they helping ports –Focus on Diesel and Greenhouse Gas emission reduction.

3 What does Sustainability mean? “The ability to meet today’s global economic, environmental and social needs without compromising the opportunity for future generations to meet theirs.” - Brundtland Commission, 1987 3 Ps - Profit/Prosperity, Planet, People 3 Es – Economy, Environment, Social Equity

4 Environmental stewardship is critical for Sustainability EPA’s vision for Environmental Stewardship – “where all parts of society actively take responsibility to improve environmental quality and achieve sustainable results.” –A value – a core value & a way to create business value –A behavior – doing more than just complying with the law

5 11/2007 Sustainability Resolution and Principles “Sustainability involves the simultaneous pursuit of economic prosperity, environmental quality and social responsibility…”

6 EPA’s Partnership with the American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) In 2003, Developed the Environmental Management Systems (EMS) Assistance Project and, EMS Primer for Ports, Advancing Port Sustainability Focus on air quality issues. –Analysis led to, Current Methodologies in Preparing Mobile Source Port-Related Emission Inventories –National Clean Diesel Collaborative - Clean Ports USA and Smartway Transport Programs Increasing focus on Climate Change –Mitigation of Greenhouse gases, including diesel emissions –Adaptation: Planning for Climate Change Impacts at US Ports

7 Zones of Port Control, Influence, and Interest

8 What are progressive ports doing to become better environmental stewards? Developing Environmental Management Systems (EMSs) for existing & NEW facilities. Measuring and reporting on continuous improvement in environ. performance Addressing community concerns: human health, environment & quality of life.

9 What is an Environmental Management System (EMS)? An EMS is a formal system for managing the environmental footprint of a Port. –Incorporates environmental considerations into day-to-day operations and strategic planning. –Provides a structured framework designed to achieve continual environmental improvement.

10 EMS Plan-Do-Check-Act Environmental Policy Continual Improvement Planning Implementation & Control Checking & Corrective Action Management Review

11 Why create an EMS? Key drivers as identified by 9 ports in the 1 st Ports EMS Assistance Project: Improve environmental awareness. Improve organizational efficiency & effectiveness. Improve environmental performance. Improve public awareness and confidence.

12 Addressing Air Quality via an EMS Plan: Look at all the environmental aspects, i.e elements of facility activities, products or services, that have the environmental impact of degrading air quality. Air emissions from tug boat is an example of an environ. aspect. –Do emissions inventory - will help determine environ. aspects. –Select Significant aspects and develop a Strategy/Action Plan with objectives and targets for reducing emissions in daily operations (and in future expansions). Do: Implement the Strategy/Action Plan. Check & Act: Measure and report progress; Reaccess & refine strategy/plan over time; Management Review provides support & resources.

13 Cleaning Up Diesel is Important Public Health Challenge NO x (6.4 Mil tons, 2009) PM 2.5 (300,000 tons, 2009) 20 million existing diesel engines contribute to nonattainment and climate change Heavy-Duty Trucks 18% Aviation 11% Nonroad 8% Marine 5% Rail 3% Pipelines 1% CO2-eq (2000 Tg, 2007) Diesel engines can last 20-30 years so fleet turnover can be slow. In addition to CO2, pre-2007diesel engines are the largest U.S. source of black carbon and thus an important contributor to climate change. Cars & Light Trucks 54%

14 Ports Located in Nonattainment Areas for Particulate Matter (PM) and Ozone

15 Technology-driven Cost-effective Helping communities achieve public health goals Provide Federal grant money under the Diesel Emissions Reduction program: – First time under Energy Policy Act for 2008 & 09 –American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009 Marcus Peacock (EPA Deputy Administrator) and Wayne Nastri (EPA R9 Administrator) present $300,000 award to Port of Long Beach for Hybrid Yard Hostler Project. Clean Ports USA

16 Spotlight on Trucks EPA awarded Port of New York & New Jersey $7 M grant to launch a $28 M program to replace 636 pre- 1994 trucks with newer cleaner vehicles –118 tons Nox, 14 tons PM, 1,675 tons CO2 EPA awarded the Bay Area Air Quality Mangement District $2 M to retrofit and upgrade 22 trucks serving Port of Oakland –Expects to reduce PM by 85% Trucks as part of larger clean up programs –Maryland Port Administration $3.5 M multi-component grant includes retrofitting drayage trucks at Port of Baltimore –Port of Houston Authority $3.5 M multi-component grant includes drayage truck incentives coupled with updates to SmartWay partners contracts incentivizing cleaner carriers

17 SmartWay Transport Partnership What is SmartWay? –Innovative partnership between US EPA and freight transport industry (freight shippers and carriers) –Launched in 2004 – currently over 2,000 partners –Annual SmartWay partners commit to environmental improvements »568 M gallons diesel fuel reduced ($1.5 billion saved) »~6.3 M tons of CO2, 37,000 tons of NOx, and 2,000+ tons PM –Established an international benchmark for freight transportation How does SmartWay achieve this? –Information/tools that quantify costs/benefits of operational & technology options –Freight transport performance evaluation, tracking and recognition –Identification of clean and efficient vehicles/equipment with SmartWay- certified vehicles including heavy duty trucks –Financial programs for deployment of fuel-saving technologies

18 A Coordinated Regulatory Strategy for Air Quality New international emission standards – 2008 Amendments to MARPOL Annex VI –New tiers of global engine and fuel standards that apply to all vessels Emission Control Area (ECA) Designation for areas in need of additional control –Apply more stringent limits for engines, fuel sulfur for vessels that operate in ECAs Additional controls for national fleets –US EPA: Clean Air Act standards for marine diesel engines installed on U.S. vessels, fuels produced in the U.S.

19 Proposed ECA for U.S./Canada: MEPC 59/6/5 (France)

20 What communities want from ports, besides jobs and goods: A say in decisions that affect their lives. Public Involvement Spectrum: -- Inform, Consult, Engage, Collaborate, Empower— A transparent decision-making process, especially for new projects. Monitoring and reporting on environmental issues., e.g. air and water quality.

21 Sustainable Ports Keep Things Moving

22 Select U.S. Resources for Ports Kathleen Bailey, National Port Sector Lead –EPA Office of Policy, Economics and Innovation, 202/566-2953, The proposed ECA, EPA’s marine rules, and supporting information are available at: http:/

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