icfi.com 2 Overview Role of state DOTs in TDM –Project Objective –Research Activities –Survey Results –Case Study Results “Washington State’s DOT’s Leadership Role in TDM” Primer: Tools for Practitioners Questions & Answers
icfi.com 3 Research Objective 1.Examine TDM programs nationwide to identify examples of successful implementation and support of TDM programs by state DOTs. 2.Disseminate this information to practitioners as a primer for states to use to implement TDM programs.
icfi.com 4 What is TDM? Focuses on strategies to reduce congestion by: –Shifting demand to alternatives to single occupant vehicles, such as carpooling, vanpooling, transit, walking, bicycling, or telecommuting; –Shifting travel out of the peak period, such as through flexible schedules, compressed workweeks, or congestion pricing; or –Shifting travel to less congested facilities, such as through traveler information systems that warn motorists about delays.
icfi.com 5 Research Questions What is TDM and why should states be interested? What are some of the current national trends in state roles in TDM? What are some tools for practitioners?
icfi.com 6 Research Activities A nationwide survey In-depth case studies of five states: –California –Georgia –Massachusetts –New Jersey –Utah Primer on TDM based on research
icfi.com 7 Survey of states 42 states responded (82% response rate) 90% of respondents reported state role in TDM All respondents complete Section 1: Identifying the Role of the State in TDM If “yes,” respondents complete Section 2: Existing TDM Programs If “no,” respondents complete Section 3: Absence of TDM programs
icfi.com 8 Potential Roles of State DOTs Answer Options Percent Number of Respondents Enforce/support the implementation of localities' plans to reduce SOV travel? 26%11 Fund local organizations focused on TDM, such as local jurisdictions or TMAs/TMOs? 38%16 Fund/manage a statewide TDM approach? 21%9 Provide technical assistance to local TDM organizations? 36%15 Use TDM as part of its own activities, such as during construction projects? 43%18 All of the above? 21%9 None of the above? 7%3 Other? 17%7
icfi.com 9 Who has responsibility for TDM? Planning division or planning department at DOT (45 %) Public transportation division (18 %) Across multiple divisions (18 %)
icfi.com 10 TDM activities promoted Most common: (all reported by 33 or more states) –carpooling, –bicycling –promotion of transit use –vanpooling –walking Least common: (all reported by five or fewer states) –pay-as-you-drive insurance –parking pricing and management –congestion or road pricing
icfi.com 11 How much money is spent? 40% 5% 16% 8% 16% 11%
icfi.com 12 How many full-time equivalents (FTEs) work on TDM? Answer Options Response Percent 0-5 FTEs 39% 6-10 FTEs 3% 11-15 FTEs 5% 16-20 FTEs 0% More than 20 FTEs 8% Not known 21% N/A 24%
icfi.com 13 Case Studies Based on the survey results Explore the different ways that state DOTs could be involved in TDM activities. 3 5 1 2 4
icfi.com 14 Overview Purpose of the primer State DOT Roles Program/Approach Organization Implementation Tips
icfi.com 15 What are potential roles of the state? Administering TDM services Conducting marketing Funding investments in travel options Enforcing/providing technical assistance to meet regulations Integrating demand management into operations Integrating demand management into project planning and development Integrating TDM into internal business practices
icfi.com 18 Funding investments in travel options
icfi.com 19 Enforcing or providing technical assistance to meet regulations Traffic Mitigation Agreements Washington State DOT Commute Trip Reduction (CTR) Law
icfi.com 20 Integrating Demand Management into Operations
icfi.com 21 Integrating Demand Management into Project Planning and Development
icfi.com 22 Integrating TDM into Internal Business Practices
icfi.com 23 Centralized –Provides most TDM services statewide, with a high level of direct oversight or management from the state DOT. Decentralized –All TDM services are devolved to local government, meaning a lack of regulation/statewide standardization across TDM programs. Hybrid –The centralized approach is one tier of TDM activities and the regional and local programming is another. Program Approaches
icfi.com 26 Match TDM Message to TDM Driver StateTDM Driver MassachusettsCongestion coupled with limited expansion ability. New JerseyCongestion in a high density state. GeorgiaCongestion and air quality with very little transit access. UtahFocus on congestion, air quality and energy reduction. CaliforniaCongestion attributed to non-work travel, as well as land use challenges in a large, diverse state with dramatically different transportation options.
icfi.com 27 Leverage Small Targeted Practices as First Steps