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Reducing Environmental Triggers of Asthma in the Home Kathleen Norlien, Research Scientist Kelly Raatz, Asthma Program Coordinator Minnesota Department.

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Presentation on theme: "Reducing Environmental Triggers of Asthma in the Home Kathleen Norlien, Research Scientist Kelly Raatz, Asthma Program Coordinator Minnesota Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reducing Environmental Triggers of Asthma in the Home Kathleen Norlien, Research Scientist Kelly Raatz, Asthma Program Coordinator Minnesota Department of Health Asthma Program

2 Project Goal To reduce or eliminate home environmental triggers of asthma for families living in Section 8 multi-family housing

3 Objectives of HUD Grant Assess the home environment for potential triggers of asthma Provide allergen reducing products: bed/pillow encasements, HEPA air cleaner, and HEPA vacuum cleaner Provide recommendations to assist child/family with control of the child’s asthma Educate about asthma and importance of self- management skills - including asthma medication use and asthma action plans Focus on the bedroom of the child with asthma

4 Project Background Recruit 200 low income children under 18 years of age with asthma – Section 8 multi-housing Diagnosis of asthma Five local public health agencies recruit/enroll 40 children in each county or city Other key partners: Respiratory therapist – provided LPH training American Lung Association of MN – clinician education Data IQ – data collection & analysis Wellshare International - community link for project recruitment

5 Hospitalizations by Zip Codes LPH Agencies: Anoka County Dakota County Ramsey County/ St. Paul City of Bloomington City of Minneapolis

6 Public Health Nurse Training 1.Classroom training on home visit interviewing skills, documentation/ field forms, etc. 2.Between 2 and 5 mentoring visits –Medical management: EPR-3 Guidelines – 4 Components of Asthma Management, Asthma Control Test (ACT), Asthma Action Plan (AAP), medication check, correct use of equipment & storage of that equipment –Address environmental triggers: Identification of asthma triggers and methods to reduce or eliminate those triggers

7 Timeline Enrollment period for 40+ children February 2012 through July 2013 Visits: Baseline visit Product Delivery 6 month visit (or telephone follow-up) 12 month visit (or telephone follow-up) July All baseline visits completed July Data submitted to MDH Fall of Data analysis/final report to HUD

8 LPH Recruitment Approaches Outreach at Cedar Riverside community events HUD Property Managers – door hangers Schools/ School Nurses WIC Clinics Head Start Clinician presentations w/PCP Health Plan – (Medica) mailing Printed announcements – –newsletters, flyers, and other focused communications

9 Preliminary Results - Minneapolis

10 Asthma Triggers Inside the Home Common areas: Cooking odors Smoking Mustiness, dampness Urine Walk off mats, absent or dirty Individual residences: Air fresheners/scented candles/incense (27%) Smoking (20%) Pets (18%) Mold (29%) Pests: Cockroaches/bed bugs (31%) Rodents (20%) N= 45

11 Products Provided Bed encasements (84% ) Pillow encasements (84%) HEPA air cleaner (82%) HEPA vacuum cleaner (76%) Swiffer duster & mop (4%) Other cleaning supplies (4%) Targeted interventions

12 Symptom Burden

13 Functional Limitations

14 Asthma Control Test (ACT © )

15 Expected Results (past projects) Reductions –Emergency dept. visits –Unscheduled office visits –Hospitalizations Improvements –Fewer daytime and nighttime symptoms –Fewer missed school/work days Return on investment –RETA $1,960 medical costs saved per child –CRETA $5.25 savings for every $1 spent

16 Success Stories Local Public Health Nurse

17 Contacts and Credits Kathleen Norlien Kelly Raatz Minnesota Department of Health This project is made possible by the financial support from the US Housing and Urban Development, Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control Grant (MNAIH )


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