Presentation on theme: "Re-write the following sentences with the correct verb from the parenthesis: 1. The stars (shine, shines) brightly in the night sky 2. A telescope (helps,"— Presentation transcript:
Re-write the following sentences with the correct verb from the parenthesis: 1. The stars (shine, shines) brightly in the night sky 2. A telescope (helps, help) us see the planets 3. Light pollution (is, are) a waste of energy 4. Bakers (knows, know) a lot about cakes
To identify commas in compound sentences Describe the rules when using commas
, ! : ; ?
There is a new toy on the market that has everyone saying __________(Exclamation)! It is called the ____________(Adjective) ___________(Noun) box and will be in stores in ____________(A Month). The _________(Adjective) _______(Noun) box is a new gadget that lets you do just about anything!
Write three important things you did over the break! Happy 2012!!
The first part of today we will spend learning about commas! When we read, commas help us know where to pause and read correctly When we write, commas help us make our sentences stronger! You will receive a graphic organizer to help you write the definitions of some comma rules!
Comma Rule # 1 Use commas to separate items in a series Example: I had apples, cereal, and orange juice for breakfast this morning.
I’ll have pickles ketchup mustard and onions on this hot dog.
Use commas between coordinate adjectives (words that describe nouns). What are coordinate adjectives? ◦ 2 adjectives that are next to each other in a sentence Example: “Joey is a shy, observant boy.”
Examples: shy- observant You try! Share with your partners.
Use commas before the words and, but, or, nor, for, so, or yet in a compound sentence…. Look at your notes from Monday…what are these words called?!?!? FANBOYS! For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, and So
2 independent clauses (complete sentence) that are linked together by a conjunction… only use commas when we have independent clauses
Joe read the book and saw the movie. Joe read the book, and then he saw the movie. ** We only need to use a comma in the second example
This class is exciting but it is hard. He will be elected tomorrow and he will be a good leader.
Use commas before and after a quotation Example: "The question is," said Alice, "whether you can make words mean so many things.” **Remember…at the end of your quote, punctuation goes INSIDE the quotation marks
Dates and Locations: Los Angeles, CA August 4, 2009
1. B’s only stand-up, hand-up, pair-up. 2. Partner B finds a partner, takes a seat and asks a question to partner A Partner A responds Partner B writes down their answer. 3. Partner A checks answer and writes their initials. 4. Switch roles 5. Shake hands and B’s only stand-up, hand- up, pair-up.
Next, we will learn about two types of sentences: ◦ Fragment Sentences ◦ Run-On Sentences Use the back of your comma rules graphic organizer to take notes It is important to know these two types of sentences so you can identify them and correct them!
1. Subject (noun) 2. Verb 3. Complete idea
A sentence fragment is only a piece of a sentence. A fragment sentence does not express a complete thought.
What is a sentence fragment? What is a Run-on sentence?
Sat behind me in science class What’s missing?
Yes, we need a subject. The new girl sat behind me in science class.
A run-on (or run-on sentence) is a sentence that really has TWO sentences (or complete ideas) INCORRECTLY combined into one.
The girls played basketball the boys played tennis.
Einstein is famous for E=mc Edison is famous for the invention of the light bulb. 2
Directions: There are four stations around the room (they are doubled so you don’t overcrowd) Identify if the sentence at the station is a fragment or run-on by circling your choice Correct the sentence in the space provided
Station 1 Sat behind me in class. 1. FragmentRun-on 2. She sat behind me in class.
Station 1 Station 2 Station 3 Station 4
3-2-1 Write down three things you learned about commas Write two things you learned about sentences. Write one word or draw one picture to summarize this lesson.