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Writing Articles for Academic Journals Based on Macmillan Scientific Communications’ Presentation (c)

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Presentation on theme: "Writing Articles for Academic Journals Based on Macmillan Scientific Communications’ Presentation (c)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Writing Articles for Academic Journals Based on Macmillan Scientific Communications’ Presentation (c)

2 Paper organisationWork organisation 1. Title 2. Abstract 3. Methods 4. Results and discussion 5. Conclusion 6. Literature 1.Research 2.Preparation 3.Planning 4.Presentation (style!) 5.Writing parts of paper 6.Revision

3 RESEARCH 1.Idea 2. Previous work (notes, record of literature, methods) Major questions Starting hypothesis Approach: prove or disprove or provide supporting evidence 3. Your methodology Your data 4. Analyze and interpretation

4 PREPARATION (YOUR WORK IN CONTEXT) Focus Audience Main message Good scientific question Novelty The original data re-evaluation (publishable/non-publishable): 1. existing ideas 2. new data 3. new avenues of research

5 PLANNING (COHERENCE) 1. An outline (AIMRAD: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion) 2. Main points – the backbone of the paper 3. List of all ideas You don’t need to figure out a paper title at the beginning, use a working title => MAIN TITLE (NB) Avoid a flow of arguments (salami-slicing): start with the introduction, include the necessary data to support the main claims but do not overcrowd the paper

6 PRESENTATION The ABC of writing style - Be Accurate - Be Brief - Be Clear

7 TITLE Novelty Key message Descriptive Understandable Keywords for electronic searches First words to avoid: “On the”, “Study”, “Investigation” etc.

8 ABSTRACT A mini version of the paper No detailed methods (unless methods paper) Avoid obscure abbreviations, acronyms and references to literature and figures Avoid ‘we did X, which told us Y, and has implications for Z’

9 INTRODUCTION (EVERYTHING IN BRIEF, FROM GENERAL TO SPECIFIC) what you have studied and why the task and objectives need of the current study the work in the context the key findings (try to mention 80% of the results by the end of the introduction) literature introduction rationale for using of the methodology principal findings and conclusions preview

10 METHODS details for replication or reference non-essential (but required) details in Appendix or Supplementary Information why this method + statistical methods if necessary

11 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION separately or in combination the order of results (‘story line’, pedagogical way), not the chronological order of the experiment one paragraph - one concept top-down paragraphs (main message in the first sentence) proved results only justification alternative explanations only results crucial for your argumentation

12 CONCLUSION deeper understanding of your findings, not a summary impact of your work (perspectives, but not your personal plans) less is better

13 REFERENCES format of journal selection critical references avoid over-reference avoid excessive self-citation

14 CITE (TO AVOID PLAGIARISM) quotations, opinions, and predictions, whether directly quoted or paraphrased statistics theories case studies experimental methods or results specialized research procedures or findings

15 FINALIZING THE DRAFT revision (structure => content) proofreading colleagues’ feedback reworking language-editing

16 CHOOSING THE RIGHT JOURNAL Audience Scope (broad or specific issues) Quality of other papers published Publication frequency (some journals weekly publish papers online ahead of a full issue) Publication form (online/print) Open-access/subscription-based journal owner production services: copyediting online search tools online commenting

17 HOW TO GET YOUR PAPER PUBLISHED Online procedures Cover letter, details about the authors, contact information, very brief background on the research field, brief overview of the paper’s objectives and findings => Why the study is relevant? Why the paper should be published?) Peer review After the review taking criticism constructively

18 NB!!! Significance of research topic Originality of the work Adequacy of approach/experimental design/techniques Soundness of conclusions and interpretation Relevance of discussion Suitability for journal Efficiency of organisation Adherence to style requirements of journal Length Clarity of writing Appropriate citations of the relevant literature Quality and suitability of statistical analysis

19 DON’T GIVE UP! Most papers get rejected Everybody gets bad reviews The iterative peer-review process strengthens the message and scientific content of papers Be professional, thorough and respectful in all communication with editors and referees

20 Teaching Methods Journals ESL/EFL JTE The international journal of learning The international journal of teaching and learning in higher education TESL Education Today List of journals eLearning Journals EJEL eLearning and digital media IJEL EURODL KMEL LMS JE-LKS IMPACT List of journals List of academic journals List of Journals mLearning Journals IJMLO iJIM An online reflective journal

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