2What is a Resume?A marketing tool that summarizes your qualifications, education, experience, and skillsBeginning your resume early allows you to keep track of all activities and experiences throughout college!
3Where do I start?Contact info!Name, school address, permanent address, phone number, and address.Choose from a variety of formats – see for details on options
4Examples Susan Student Susan Student________________________________ Current Address: Permanent Address:ASU Box Ash WayBoone, NC Your City, NC 28111(828) (306)Susan Student________________________________Ash WayYour City, NC 28111(306)
5TIPS! DO NOT USE A TEMPLATE!! Type out your resume in a Word document using a format that you likeYour name should be the biggest item on the pageMake sure to keep information current and correctDo not include personal information, photos, birthday, etc.
6Objective Gives the resume organization, coherence, and direction Tells employers who you are in terms of your goals and skillsMay be different depending on positions you are applying for!Objectives are OPTIONAL
7TIPS!Objective can be left off if you are aiming at a diverse group of positions, are unsure about what type of position you are seeking, or passing out your resume at a career fairIf you use an objective, then tailor it specifically to a job/internship
8Good Examples Internship – tell how the EMPLOYER can help you! A summer internship in a publishing company where I can learn the business and practice my editorial skills.Job – tell the employer what YOU can bring to them!A position as an Editorial Assistant, where strong communication skills and attention to detail will be useful in proofreading manuscripts.
9Poor Examples A position in publishing where I can advance rapidly I would like to obtain a position that will utilize my English degree
10EducationInclude:School name & locationDegree working towardsExpected graduation dateMajor(s), concentration (if applicable), and minor(s)GPA (optional)Not necessary to list schools from which you did not earn a degreeDon’t list high school information!
11Education Optional: Dean’s List/Chancellor’s List & semester earned Other honors and scholarshipsCertifications (CPR, Childcare, etc.)Related courseworkStudy abroad
12Example Education: Appalachian State University, Boone, NC Bachelor of Arts Degree in English, May 2011Concentration: Creative Writing GPA: 3.25Minor: SociologyDean’s List: Spring 2007, Fall 2008Recipient of the Truman Capote Scholarship
13TIPS! Use bolding and italics to highlight degree Spell out BS and BA – looks more professionalPut Education after Objective if you are currently enrolled in a programInclude month and year of graduation
14Experience Sections Types of experience: Decide what is MOST relevant! Paid work experiencesVolunteer workInternshipsAssistantshipsCo-opsStudent organization involvementImportant class projectsDecide what is MOST relevant!You may want to highlight RELATED experiences in one section and create additional sections and headings for other experience
15Experience Sections What to include: Job title Name of the organizationLocation (city & state)Dates of employment/involvement (month & year)Include duties & responsibility, but ALSO….Accomplishments, achievements, skills developed, and knowledge gained!
16Experience Example Macmillan Publishing/Tor Books, New York, NY Editorial Intern Summer 2008Explored the process of publishing a book at every stage, from contract request to catalogue to finished bookResearched facts to ensure accuracy of books and materials before publishingRead and evaluated unsolicited manuscriptsProofread publications for errors
17What is wrong with this example? Poor ExampleMacMillan Publishing/Tor Books, New York, NY2008Responsibilities included reviewing materials.Acted as an editor.Reading manuscriptsI organized and submitted error reports.What is wrong with this example?
18TIPS! Do not list years only. Consistency in periods and tenses. Stay away from phrases like “responsibilities or duties included.”
19MORE TIPS! Include job titles for all experiences. Do not use “I” statements.Use bolding and italics to emphasize words.Why?Try reading 50+ resumes with the same style of font throughout.
20MORE TIPS! Use clear concise phrases, not complete sentences. Use power words.Do not over or under describe.Use numbers when appropriate.
21EXAMPLE I organized and submitted error reports. VERSUS Organized and submitted three different weekly reports on errors found within manuscripts, magazines, and advertising, and distributed to each responsible department within the company.
22Sample Headings Relevant Experience Work Experience Related ProjectsVolunteer ActivitiesTechnical SkillsTraining & CertificationsHonors & AwardsProfessional InvolvementActivitiesLanguagesSkills & AccomplishmentsAny other headings that highlight your experience!
23SKILLS Many resumes include “Skills” Other titles include: Skills and CompetenciesRelated SkillsRelated Competencies
24SKILLS Include most relevant skills for job Example: Skills and CompetenciesProven communication skills gained from constant public interaction in past and present work.Excellent time management and organizational skills demonstrated by working in fast paced environments where accuracy is essential.Ability to write clearly and effectively accomplished by completing press releases, news articles and staff reports.
25PROJECTS AND COURSEWORK It is OK to list completed coursework in some cases, but it is often a space filler.Instead, turn coursework into Related Projects, Research Projects or Skills and Competencies.
26EXAMPLES Related Project Marketing Research ASU, Boone NC Fall 2007 As a team, researched the effect of the university student population on new product line at local art storeConducted focus groups and surveysInput and analyzed dataDocumented and reported results
27FINAL TIPS!Have your resume reviewed several times to ensure that it is error-free!Make sure that your resume is consistent, in look and content.Even if you aren’t close to graduation, start out with your basic resume and keep adding to it each semester! It is easier to keep up with your activities as they happen, rather than trying to think about your entire college career at one time.
28FINAL TIPS! Watch tenses – keep them consistent! Avoid any negativity Don’t overuse the same adjectives, adverbs or verbsConservative font, not fancy – make sure that it is easy to read!
29FINAL TIPS! Spell out acronyms A separate page is needed for references – No need to put References Available Upon RequestUse all of the paper, eliminate empty white spaceDo not overcrowd-use spaces between sectionsUse an 11 or 12 point font if possible
30Cover LettersUsually three paragraph format – introductory, middle, and closing paragraphAddress to a specific person – Do NOT use Dear Sir or Madam: OR To Whom It May Concern:PROOFREAD, PROOFREAD, PROOFREAD!
31Cover Letters First Paragraph : State WHY you are writing WHAT you are applying forWHERE you heard about the opportunity (Name drop if you were referred!)Say something that shows your INTEREST in the company/agency
32Cover Letters Middle Paragraph : WHY you are interested in the employerIndicate WHAT you can contribute to the employer, and WHAT you hope to learnExplain how your academic background makes you qualifiedGive an overview of HOW your skills/abilities match what the employer is looking for
33Cover Letters Closing Paragraph : Reaffirm interest in position Refer to enclosed resume/other materialsBring attention to your contact informationThank person for considerationState if/when you will be contacting them
34ReferencesReferences should always go on a SEPARATE page from your resume3-5 references is the norm. Faculty members or job/volunteer/club supervisors who know you well are usually your best bet- NO FAMILY MEMBERS OR FRIENDS!Include name, title, organization, address, phone #,GET PERMISSION BEFORE USING YOUR REFERENCES! LET THEM KNOW YOU HAVE INCLUDED THEM!No need to list “References Available Upon Request”
35Interviewing BasicsThe purpose of an interview is to present your qualificationsBe prepared to talk about your skills, abilities, experiences, and personality effectively and persuasively
36Interviewing BasicsPrepare for the interview BEFORE you go – Do your homework!Look at websites, brochures, talk to people, learn what you can about the companyAnticipate and practice potential questionsPrepare questions for the interviewerBring extra copies of your resume and references