4Basic Design Principles FocusBalanceDirectional FlowUnityWhite SpaceBordersChoosing Type
5Focus Use contrasting size, density, and page position. An element to which the eye first moves.Use contrasting size, density, and page position.Use large, bold display type or graphics.Use elements with visual weight.
6BalanceHow elements are distributed on a page.Formal Balance--centers all design elements around the visual center.
7Balance Informal Balance--arranges design elements off center. It is achieved by contrasts of weights around a balance point.
8Directional FlowCreated by lines that the eye follows on a page.Create flow on the page with lines within illustrations, rules, and lines of type, and with visuals.Use the “Z” pattern of reading to place important information.Use left-to-right and top-to-bottom for graphic elements.
9UnityCreate unity with the use of appropriate and consistent elements.Use appropriate type, graphics, and color: be consistent!
10White (Nonprinted) Space Design the white space; do not overcrowd type and graphic elements.20 to 25% of your documents should be white space.
11Borders Borders isolate a page or a section of a page. Borders can be light or dark or on all sides or on selected sides.
14Choosing TypeThe type must contribute to the message, not detract from it.The type must match the message.Use the same typeface for the same elements. Vary the size to change the look.ABCa b c
15Body Text Choose a serif typeface for body text. Body text should be from 9-12 points.Leading should be at least a point more than the type size.Avoid excessive hyphenation and too much space between words.
17Headlines Use a sans serif typeface. Make headlines larger than body text--14 points or more.Use all caps only for short headlines; otherwise use uppercase and lowercase.Be consistent with headlines throughout your document.NEWS
20Desktop Publishing Hazards Forgetting your audienceIrregularly shaped typeExcessive underliningToo many fontsGrammar and spelling errorsInappropriate bordersInappropriate headlinesViolating the copyright law
21Forgetting Your Audience Don’t let your graphic design overwhelm your message.Spend as much time on content as you do on design.
22Irregularly Shaped Type Excessive Underlining Irregular line shapes take more time to read.Irregular line shapes are confusing to the reader.Too much underlining confuses the reader.
23Grammar and Spelling Errors Too Many Fonts Proofread carefully after the computer does!!Too many fonts creates a disorganized appearance and labels you as an amateur.Limit fonts to 2-3 per page.Use special effect fonts to attract extra attention--but only for a few words.
24Inappropriate Borders Borders can be functional or decorative.The border should fit the nature of the product and the intended audience.
25Inappropriate Headlines Be careful how the lines end--you could give new meanings to your words.Don’t use ALL CAPS if the headline is long.Shorter is better!City Dumps MayorCalls a ShameorCity DumpsMayor Callsa Shame
26Violating the Copyright Law Copyright laws give owners exclusive rights to their works.To use copyrighted work, you must get permission and, possibly, pay a fee.Clip art is OK!!!!!
27The Final Steps Print a sample copy. Proofread it carefully. Make adjustments.Print your final copy or publish to the Web.
28ReferencesTextbookLake, Susan. Desktop Publishing-10 Hour Series. Ohio: South-Western PublishingReference BooksBlanc, Iris. Desktop Publishing Activities. Ohio: South-Western PublishingDavis, Graham. Quick Solutions to Great Layouts. Ohio: HOW Design BooksMcWade, John. Before and After Page Design. California: JMS PublishingOPAC Office Proficiency Assessment & Certification Software. Biddle and Associates, Inc., California.