Presentation on theme: "Save Rio Tigre Committee Asociación Conservacionista de Dos Brazos de Rio Tigre PRESENTS."— Presentation transcript:
Save Rio Tigre Committee Asociación Conservacionista de Dos Brazos de Rio Tigre PRESENTS
Osa Peninsula - Costa Rica RIO TIGRE ENDANGERED! Updated September 2009
PENINSULA de OSA One of the most biologically diverse places remaining on Earth. Although much of the Osa remains natural and is protected by Corcovado National Park and the Reserva Forestal Golfo Dulce, Unsustainable Development threatens to endanger the Osa Peninsula as it has already done to the Nicoya Peninsula to the north.
OSA PENINSULA & GOLFO DULCE A complex and fragile relationship 13 major ecosystems 50% of the species known in Costa Rica, including: – 5000 species of plants (2 to 3% endemics) – 375 species of birds (18 endemics) – 124 species of mammals – 8,000 species of insects – 117 species of reptiles and amphibians Largest population of endangered Scarlet Macaw in Central America 5 species of cats including Jaguar, Puma and Ocelot 25 species of Dolphins and Whales Important nesting sites for endangered Sea Turtles
Search for birds and frogs in Dos Brazos Hike on local trails Try gold panning in Rio Tigre Snorkle or scuba over Pacific coral reefs Ride the the waves in any of the surf spots in the area Take a Dolphin watch cruise Look for turtles on the beach Explore mangroves in a kayak Discover pristine beaches and forests Gaze at the stars Participate in various yoga groups Go horseback riding OSA PENINSULA & GOLFO DULCE Eco-Tourism for Every Interest
Following the Rio Tigre, the route to Dos Brazos is the only road going deep into the heart of the Osa. From Dos Brazos, nested into the Reserva Forestal Golfo Dulce, Corcovado National Park is but a 30 minute walk away.
A few months ago, one company received final approval for gravel mining in the Rio Tigre, and it is already a complete disaster…
UP RIVER FROM METAL BRIDGE – CHECK IT OUT WHEN YOU PASS BY
In December 2008, we learned that five other companies are engaged in the legal process to acquire sand and gravel mining concessions in the Rio Tigre…
DOS BRAZOS DE RIO TIGRE GALLARDO MATERIALES DE OCCIDENTE SA PALMA TICA SA ASOCIACION DE DESARROLLO INTEGRAL DE PUERTO JIMENEZ DOS IGUANAS VERDES SA CONSTRUCTORA HERMANOS BRENES SA AGROINDUSTRIAL LA UNION SA MINING CONCESSIONS ON RIO TIGRE APPROVED PENDING: IMPACTO AMBIANTAL DE SETENA 4 new applicants, 1 pending, 1 approved
WE ARE TALKING ABOUT A HUGE OPEN MINE IN THE HEART OF THE OSA!!!
A MAJOR ECOLOGICAL DISASTER 40% of the river will be mined! The impact of one concession now — let alone five additional concessions within the year — is more than the river can handle. A SERIOUS SOCIAL & ECONOMIC DISASTER Three companies will be affecting the immediate surroundings of our quiet village, Dos Brazos de Rio Tigre. One concession extends to the border of the Reserva Forestal Golfo Dulce!
Sedimentation and changes in river turbidity, temperature, speed and oxygen balance will affect the entire river ecosystem and food chain with direct repercussions on… THE GOLFO DULCE and THE FLORA AND FAUNA OF THE ENTIRE WATERSHED!
Sedimentation is rapidly increasing as the approved concession works. Coral reefs recovering from the heavy logging and mining days are again under assault. The Golfo Dulce is threatened by concessions on the Rio Tigre
Neotropical Otter, Nutria Lontra longicaudus A CITES Appendix 1 Endangered Species Hunted to near extinction, neotropical otters still live in the Rio Tigre. Most of their diet is freshwater shrimps and fishes. Many of these need to migrate to the sea as part of their life cycles.
FAUNA Macroinvertebrates: essential components of any ecosystem, they are very important to maintain water quality and are highly affected by Gravel Mining (cf. Will Flower report). Fishes, freshwater shrimps, birds, bats, spiders, amphibians, reptiles, etc., feed on Macroinvertebrates Freshwater shrimps and some fishes need to go to the sea for their first molt and will be directly affected by sedimentation and turbidity. DISAPPEARANCE OF VEGETATION ALONG THE RIVER’S BANKS Reduction of organic particles, reduced quantity of prey and microhabitat diversity Vegetation is used by amphibians for breeding vocalizations and protection during the day. Protective vegetation is used by mammals to access river. DISAPPEARANCE OF SMALL PONDS AND WET AREAS ALONG EDGES OF RIVER Amphibians species use these temporary slow moving ponds for reproduction. EROSION UPSTREAM CREATING LANDSLIDES AND ADDITIONAL SEDIMENTS QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF WATER REACHING AQUIFER IS AFFECTED POSSIBLE CONTAMINATION OF THE RIVER BY HYDROCARBONS AND OILS GOLFO DULCE: SEDIMENTATION IN MANGROVES AND REEFS
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS
DOS BRAZOS DE RIO TIGRE Dos Brazos is a beautiful peaceful little village surrounded by luxurious nature and primary forest attractive to eco-tourists. At the door of Corcovado National Park and within the Reserva Forestal Golfo Dulce, we have dozens of kilometers of beautiful natural trails. The two rivers joining in the village (“Dos Brazos”) are our main attraction. Extending deep into the rainforest they boast amazing waterfalls and natural pools where it easy to observe large numbers of frogs and lizards along the river’s edge as well as evidence of the cats that use the rivers and local trails. MINAET is about to open a new entrance into Corcovado National Park in the village. With close and easy access from Puerto Jimenez, it will surely become a primary access to the Park. DOS BRAZOS’ REVENUES ARE MAINLY BASED ON ECO-TOURISM AND ARTISANAL GOLD MINING
193 villagers depending directly on Eco-Tourism and Artisanal Gold Panning
Dos Brazos de Rio Tigre
IF CONCESSIONS ARE APPROVED IN OUR NEIGHBORHOOD NOISE, DUST, DANGEROUS ROADS, CONTAMINATION, LANDSCAPES DESTROYED END OF THE VILLAGE PEACEFULNESS AND RELAXING BANKS ALONG THE RIVER = DEATH OF A NATURAL PARADISE NO TOURISM, NO PARK ENTRANCE = DEATH OF THE TOURISM BUSINESS
NO MORE GOLD PANNING NO RESOURCES FOR A LARGE PORTION OF THE POPULATION = DEATH OF THE VILLAGE
Dos Brazos de Rio Tigre Gallardo MATERIALES DE OCCIDENTE SA PALMA TICA SA ASOCIACION DE DESARROLLO INTEGRAL DE PUERTO JIMENEZ DOS IGUANAS VERDES SA CONSTRUCTORA HERMANOS BRENES SA AGROINDUSTRIAL LA UNION SA APPROVED PENDING: IMPACTO AMBIANTAL DE SETENA HALT THE APPROVAL PROCESS ON ALL CONCESSIONS TO ALLOW A THOROUGH SCIENTIFIC REVIEW The potential for irreparable damage to the river ecosystem is too great to allow end-to-end extractive activities. The entire watershed and all it nourishes could be destroyed!
CONDUCT A THOROUGH INVENTORY OF THE WILDLIFE BEFORE ANY ACTIVITIES IN THE RIVER COMMENCE (To obtain baseline data for future monitoring) IMPLEMENT PERIODICAL MONITORING BY SPECIALIZED PROFESSIONALS An excellent tool: biomonitoring of the Macroinvertebrate fauna Monitoring the aquatic wildlife and riparian environment with its fauna Every 6 months In three sites: river above the concession, within and below the concession PRESERVATION OF RIPARIAN VEGETATION CONSERVATION OF ONE OF THE BANKS OF THE RIVER (To allow the movement of species including migratory shrimps and fishes) CONTROL OF SEDIMENTS RELEASE MONITORING OF SOUND ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES TO NOT ALLOW WORK VEHICLES IN THE WATER. THEY SHOULD WORK ON THE DRY BANKS AVOID ROADS WITHIN THE RIVER BED STRICT MONITORING OF VEHICLE MAINTENANCE (Adequate distance from the river course to wash vehicles and change oil, etc) IF ANY CONCESSION IS APPROVED REGULAR MONITORING & CONTROL MUST BE ENFORCED Monika Springer, M.Sc. Aquatic Entomologist - University of Costa Rica
GEOLOGY & MINES Made copies of entire files of each company. Met with Geology & Mines Lawyer, Rosa Maria Ovares, to review the issues and discuss the status of each company. SETENA Made copies of entire files of each company. Met with Engineer responsible for revising files, Oscar Umaña, to review the issues. ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS We are working with UCR scientists and specialized researchers to put together a scientific file on river impacts and how these will affect the Rio Tigre drainage. Photos and video with GPS data points of entire river. SOCIAL IMPACTS Census of Dos Brazos de Rio Tigre. Map of the village with GPS location of each building. Petition opposing the concessions signed by villagers. COMMUNICATIONS and MEDIA Press: Two articles in The Tico Times: Attended the RainforestAid 09 Music Festival June 19-21, Websites under construction: riotigre.tripod.com and Have river photos posted on Facebook and are blogging on that site and others. Possibility of doing a professional documentary. WHAT WE HAVE DONE
WORK IN PROGRESS We have retained M.Sc. Alvaro Sagot Rodriguez, an accomplished environmental attorney and professor. Don Alvaro’s fee to watch movements of each concession, basically his retainer, was paid through donations by local property owners and their families. He will continue to assist though the process, and to submit our statement of scientific findings for additional fees. Elaborating the best strategy to win. Analyzing each Company’s files and reporting irregularities. Maintaining a continuous surveillance of each company file at SETENA. Relaying information to relevant ministries. Defending our position all the way to the Costa Rica Supreme Court if needed.
We have put together a team of professionals and naturalists, including two residents of Dos Brazos with considerable biological and environmental education experience. M.Sc. Eduardo Chacón Madrigal, our contracted biologist, is finalizing his environmental impact evaluation. This report incorporates recent biological studies of riparian flora and fauna conducted in Costa Rican rivers, and data specific to the Rio Tigre. Bruce Melton, the hydrologist/engineer we brought in from Austin, Texas has completed his hydrological assessment. This report is now being reviewed by a Costa Rican hydrologist who was not available when we needed to get things started. These near-final draft reports are being studied by our attorney. Additional information is being added as requested, including details concerning the anticipated social and economical impacts of the extraction operations. The safety of school children, noise and dust pollution, and other social impacts are as important as the biological impacts. We have acquired the Environmental Impact Statement of the active concession and are reviewing it for irregularities and deficiency in government monitoring of the ongoing extraction activities. WORK IN PROGRESS
The first edition of Rio Tigre Endangered! was sent to nearly 100 people. This second edition has been sent to an additional 50+ people. A version in Spanish is now being shown locally and being distributed. Our website features a secure PayPal ‘Donate’ button accepting debit/credit cards. We have raised $7948 as of September 1, We continue seeking donations from Dos Brazos guests, visitors and property owners. We continue contacting Costa Rican and international conservation organizations for their assistance. We have started local public relations including public presentations, brochures, and preparing for media coverage of the issues. WHAT WE NEED TO DO IN IMMEDIATE FUTURE Secure additional funding for lawyer and scientists and to develop cooperative relationships with other conservation groups as needed — to WIN! WORK IN PROGRESS
Our opponents are big companies with huge budgets, and likely have powerful political connections at upper levels of government. We are a small but serious and determined association of villagers and conservationists. HELP US REACH OUR GOAL We Can SAVE THE RIO TIGRE!
THE AMAZING OSA INHABITANTS, VISITORS, AND NATURE LOVERS AROUND THE GLOBE WILL YOU LET THIS HAPPEN??? WE ARE ALL CONCERNED!