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 Electromagnetic Radiation Radiant energy that exhibits wavelength- like behavior and travels through space at the speed of light in a vacuum.  Example:

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Presentation on theme: " Electromagnetic Radiation Radiant energy that exhibits wavelength- like behavior and travels through space at the speed of light in a vacuum.  Example:"— Presentation transcript:

1  Electromagnetic Radiation Radiant energy that exhibits wavelength- like behavior and travels through space at the speed of light in a vacuum.  Example: The sun light, energy used in microwave oven, the x-rays used by doctors.

2 Classification of Electromagnetic Radiation

3 The Nature of Waves

4 A Continuous Spectrum (a) and A Hydrogen Line Spectrum (b) For the Hydrogen Spectrum: A Change between Two Discrete Energy Levels— More Distance=More energy (a) (b)

5  Electrical energy is absorbed and excites the electrons to higher energy levels. The electrons then emit (give off) energy in the form of visible light. Electricity or heat in visible light out

6 Energy Ultra Violet Lyman Infrared Paschen Visible Balmer n

7  Neon lights  Fireworks displays  Flame test and spectrum tubes

8  Ultraviolet (UV) energy is absorbed and excites the electrons to higher energy levels. The electrons then emit (give off) energy in the form of visible light. UV light in visible light out

9  Black light posters  Neon colored posters, product packages  Laundry brighteners/whiteners  Fluorescent dyes & inks  Certain minerals/rocks

10  Visible and/or Ultraviolet (UV) energy is absorbed and excites the electrons to higher energy levels. The electrons then emit (give off) energy in the form of visible light with a time delay. visible or UV light intime delay visible light out

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12  Glow in the dark stuff  Zinc sulfide—older glow- in-the-dark material— doesn’t last as long  Strontium aluminate— newer glow-in-the-dark material—lasts much longer

13  Chemicals are mixed and the energy excites electrons. Instead of energy being released in the form of heat, the energy is released in the form of “cool” light. This is chemiluminesence.  If this occurs in a living organism it is called bioluminescence. chemical energy invisible light out

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15  Light sticks  Fireflies  Many deep sea organisms

16  Mechanical energy excites the electrons in adhesive molecules, which then excite the electrons around nitrogen atoms in the air. The energy is then emitted in the form of visible light. (Magic tape example)  In the case of wintergreen, the methyl salicylate molecules are fluorescent, and so the mechanical energy excites the electrons in the wintergreen flavoring. mechanical energy in visible light out

17  Bandage packages/Scotch® tape  Crushing wintergreen candies

18  The light produced is of a single phase and is combined to produce a coherent beam of light  laser light. electrical energy in coherent light emitted

19  Electrical energy is used to stimulate the electrons, and visible coherent light of a single phase is emitted.

20  Grocery store scanners  Levels used in building  Laser surgery


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