Presentation on theme: "Climate Zones. Tropical wet Rainforest region Occupies 8 % of Africa around the equator Many disease carrying insects Contains tsetse fly- makes ability."— Presentation transcript:
Bantu people: African group that originally lived in the savannah south of the Sahara Moved into the southern and eastern regions of Africa around 2,000 years ago – Overpopulation and poor soil in the region led to movement
1.Which statement explains a cause rather than an effect of the Bantu migration between 500 B.C. and A.D. 1500? 1.Techniques for herding and cultivating were spread to other peoples. 2.More than sixty million people now speak a Bantu language. 3.Trading cities developed along the coast of east Africa. 4.Population increases put pressure on agriculture.
2. A similarity between Bantu migrations in Africa and migrations of the ancient Aryans into South Asia is that both moved 1.across the Atlantic Ocean 2.from rural lands to urban areas 3.in search of additional food sources 4.for religious freedom
3. The Bantu cleared the land, then fertilized it with ashes. When the land could no longer support their families, the Bantu moved further south. By 1110 B.C., the Bantu had spread their rich culture throughout central and southern Africa. Which agricultural technique is described in this passage? 1.irrigation 2.terrace farming 3.slash-and-burn 4.crop rotation
4. The primary reason the Bantu-speaking people of West Africa migrated southward and eastward between 500 B.C. and A.D. 1500 was to 1.flee warfare 2.seek religious freedom 3.establish a colonial empire 4.find land for farming and grazing
5....“One theory is that there were waves of migration, one moving through the east of Africa and another making its way through the centre of the continent. In Zambia, there is evidence of at least three routes of migration – from the great lakes, from the Congo forest and from Angola.”... Source: BBC, The Story of Africa: Early History This passage about the early history of Africa describes migrations associated with which group of people? 1.Phoenicians 2.Bantu 3.Moors 4.Babylonians
Songhai (1400AD-1600AD) formerly the Mali Empire largest of Western African empires Sunni Ali – established Mali trade routes
Askia Muhammad – brought golden age – system of taxes – on Hajj to Mecca brought back scholars, teachers and doctors Fell to Europeans in 1550 AD
Benin (1300s AD) located near the delta of the Niger River known for – art and sculpture – negotiation – political ability established the slave trade with the Portuguese in the 1480s defeated by the Portuguese
Ibn Battuta 1305-1377 AD) Muslim traveler and historian from Tangier North Africa traveled the world for over 27 years, visiting most countries of the Islamic World
Ibn Battura continued Wrote a Book - Travels in Asia and Africa – provides information of the Muslim world during that time
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