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Latin America Climate and Weather.

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Presentation on theme: "Latin America Climate and Weather."— Presentation transcript:

1 Latin America Climate and Weather

2 Let’s review the Vertical Climate Zones…

3 ? ? ? ? ? ? 3000 ?

4 What causes our seasons?
That’s right…the tilt of the earth and the revolution of the earth around the sun.

5 Okay…we know Texas is hot in the summer.
We know we don’t have hardly any snow. We know that spring and fall are great but don’t last long. Well…why was last summer so hot? Why did we get so much snow a couple of years ago? Will we get snow this winter? Will next summer be really hot…and dry?

6 The answer is found in the greatest cause of severe weather…
The Pacific Ocean

7 Why did they name it El Nino?
Let’s look at El Nino A long time ago, fishermen along the west coast of South America noticed that every few years there was a lot of rain and the fishing was bad around Christmas. They called it “El Nino” which means “little boy” in Spanish. Why did they name it El Nino?

8 El Nino It all has to do with water temperature.

9 Trade Winds push water towards the western Pacific Ocean
Cold water off the coast of South America pushes up and brings food for fish with it. = Normal precipitation in Texas! This means lots of rain in the western Pacific… …and almost no rain in western South America! A Normal Year

10 El Nino Year = wetter conditions in Texas
Warm water prevents deeper cold water from rising…no fish! Warm surface water moves from western Pacific ….. ….. towards eastern Pacific. Trade Winds slow down.

11 La Nina Year Trade Winds push more water towards the western Pacific Ocean More cold water off the coast of South America pushes up and brings food for fish with it. This means even more rain in the western Pacific… …and almost no rain in western South America and Texas! So…what will we have next summer? The experts say another scorcher!

12 Now…on to another topic 


14 The Amazon If the Amazon was a country, it would be the 9th largest in the world. It is called the “Lungs of our Planet”. 20% of world’s oxygen come from the Amazon. >50% of all the earths plants, animals, and insects live in tropical rainforests. 1/5 of the world’s fresh water is in the Amazon Basin

15 Medicines of the Rainforest
121 drugs come from plants from the rainforest 3000 plants fight cancer…70% live in the rainforest. One of the most powerful drugs comes from the rainforest. It fights childhood leukemia. 25% of all Western pharmaceuticals come from the rainforest.


17 Food of the Rainforest 1 acre can contain over 300 types of trees and 700 species of plants. 80% of the developed world’s diet originates in the rainforest. 3000 fruits are found in the rainforest….only 200 of these are in use in the Western world. Indians of the rainforest use over 2000 fruits.


19 Deforestation

20 Slash-and-Burn

21 Disappearing Rainforest
Rainforests once covered 14% of the earth’s surface…now it is only 6%. Experts estimate the last remaining rainforests will be consumed within 40 years. 1 ½ acres are lost every second.

22 What is the problem? People need to work.
Farmers think the only way to earn a living is by getting rid of the trees. Governments are corrupt. U.S. (and other western nations) exploit countries for their products. Discuss the plight of people living in Brazil.

23 Answer the following questions:
What ocean experiences el Nino? T or F El Nino occurs every year. What does el Nino cause in Texas or the U.S.? Fill in the blank: __________ Climate Zones are found in South America and are based on elevation. What is the important rainforest found in South America and provides the earth with 20% of its oxygen? What river flows through the above landform? What is the major problem occurring in the above landform? Cutting down trees and burning them is called: ________ and __________. Experts think the above landform will disappear in the next (choose one): 10 years 20 years 30 years 40 years Atlantic 20 years Horizontal Nile Deforestation Vertical Amazon 40 years Hurricanes Slash-and-Burn Congo Pacific 10 years Pile-and-Burn 30 years

24 The End

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