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: Author: Sally Morgan Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: Why is it important to care about nature?

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Presentation on theme: ": Author: Sally Morgan Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: Why is it important to care about nature?"— Presentation transcript:

1 : Author: Sally Morgan Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: Why is it important to care about nature?

2 Small Group Timer

3 Review Games Story Sort Vocabulary Words:  Arcade Games Arcade Games  Study Stack Study Stack  Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary  Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words

4 Spelling Words Difficult Spellings

5 fierce weird piece perceive perfume preserve soldier model multiple fuel briefcase retrieve deceit perception vegetable preferable rectangle bushel pinnacle preliminary tremendous kaleidoscope persuade unyielding preposterous

6 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

7 Vocabulary Words  basin  charities  equator  erosion  evaporates  exported  industrial  recycled  tropics  biodiversity  carbon dioxide  tourism  air pressure  disaster  grass  prairie Vocabulary Words More Words to Know

8 Question of the Day Why is it important to care about nature?

9 Today we will learn about:  Build Concepts  Fact and Opinion  Graphic Organizers  Build Background  Vocabulary  Fluency: Model Phrasing  Grammar: Compound and Complex Sentences  Spelling: Difficult Spellings  Ecosystems

10 Fluency Model Phrasing

11 Fluency: Model Phrasing  Listen as I read “One Day in the Prairie.”  As I read, notice how I use phrasing, varying my tone of voice and reading speed to convey the meaning of the text.  Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

12 Fluency: Model Phrasing  Why do the buffalo stampede?  What kind of mood does the author create? How does she use language to create this mood?

13 Concept Vocabulary  air pressure – pressure caused by the weight of the air  disaster – event that causes much suffering or lossdisaster

14 Concept Vocabulary  grass - plant with green blades that covers fields, lawns, and pastures grass  prairie – large area of level or rolling land with grass but few or no treesprairie  (Next Slide) (Next Slide)

15 disaster

16 grass

17 prairie

18 Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

19 Ecosystems EffectsWeather Plants and Animals Environment

20 Fact & Opinion, Graphic Organizers Turn to page

21 Prior Knowledge What do you know about rain forests? K (What do you know?) W (What would you like to learn?) L (What did you learn?)

22 Vocabulary Words

23  basin – all the land drained by a river and the streams that flow into itbasin  charities – organizations for helping those in need or the environment

24 Vocabulary Words  equator – an imaginary circle around the middle of the Earthequator  erosion – process of gradually wearing away by glaciers, running water, waves, or winderosion

25 Vocabulary Words  evaporates – changes from a liquid to a gas  exported – sent goods out of one country for sale and use in another

26 Vocabulary Words  industrial – engaged in or connected with business, trade, or manufactured goodsindustrial  recycled – processed or treated so it can be used againrecycled

27 Vocabulary Words  tropics – regions near the equator that are also the hottest parts of the Earth tropics

28 More Words to Know  biodiversity – a wide variety of different species living together in one place  carbon dioxide – colorless, odorless gas present in the atmosphere formed when carbon is burned and absorbed by plants to make plant tissue

29 More Words to Know  tourism – the process of traveling for pleasure  (Next Slide) (Next Slide)

30 basin

31 equator

32 erosion

33 industrial

34 recycled

35 tropics

36 Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences

37  toucans are brightly colured birds in the Rain Forest  Toucans are brightly colored birds in the rain forest.  rain forests is places with amazin wildlife  Rain forests are places with amazing wildlife.

38  The climate is hot, and rain falls nearly every day.  This sentence is a compound sentence. It has two simple sentences joined by a comma and a conjunction.

39  As the world’s population gets larger, more food and building materials are needed.  This sentence is a complex sentence. It has an independent clause and a dependent clause.

40  A simple sentence has a complete subject and a complete predicate.  The rain forest is disappearing.

41  A compound sentence has two or more simple sentences joined by a comma and a conjunction such as and, but, or or.  The rain forest is disappearing, and many of its plants and animals are disappearing too.

42  A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.  The rain forest is disappearing because people cut down too many trees.

43 Compound and Complex Sentences  A compound-complex sentence has more than one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.  Because people cut down too many trees, the rainforest is disappearing, and many of its plants and animals are disappearing too.

44  Because they have leaves year-round, tropical rain forest trees are evergreen trees.  complex  The trees grow tall and close together.  simple

45  The largest area of rain forest is the Amazon rain forest in the Amazon River basin.  simple

46  Although you may find this surprising, there are tropical rain forests in Australia.  complex  The toucan has brightly colored feathers and a long, colorful bill.  simple

47  The forest ranger warned the hikers, but they did not listen.  compound  David wanted a camera, and he was determined to buy one when he had the money.  compound-complex

48  After breakfast, the clouds thickened, and a heavy rain fell on the campers.  compound  Do you like hot, humid weather?  simple

49  Trees in cloud forests are shorter, and they are deciduous.  compound  Whenever she can, Paula wakes before sunrise.  complex

50  Cloud forests cover mountains in tropical regions.  simple

51  Rain forests are generally very wet, ____ deserts are generally very dry.  and (or but)  You can hike into the rain forests, ___ you can take a boat up the river.  or (or and)

52  The rain came down hard and fast, ____it did not last long.  but (or and)

53 Spelling Words Difficult Spellings

54 fierce weird piece perceive perfume preserve soldier model multiple fuel briefcase retrieve deceit perception vegetable preferable rectangle bushel pinnacle preliminary tremendous kaleidoscope persuade unyielding preposterous

55 Question of the Day How does the biodiversity of rain forests compare with that of other ecosystems?

56 Today we will learn about:  Word Endings  Fact and Opinion  Graphic Organizers  Graphic Sources  Vocabulary  Fluency: Choral Reading  Grammar: Compound and Complex Sentences  Spelling: Difficult Spellings  Science: Temperate Rain Forests  Plants Living on Plants  Ecosystems

57 Vocabulary Strategy: Endings

58

59 Fluency Choral Reading

60 Fluency: Choral Reading  Turn to page 98.  As I read notice how I stress key words and phrases to emphasize important ideas.  Now we will practice together as a class by doing three choral readings of this page.

61 Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences

62  botany is the study of plants it is a important science  Botany is the study of plants. It is an important science.  why are rain forests disapearing  Why are rain forests disappearing?

63 Compound and Complex Sentences  A simple sentence has a complete subject and a complete predicate.  A compound sentence has two or more simple sentences joined by a comma and a conjunction.

64 Compound and Complex Sentences  A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.  A compound-complex sentence has more than one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.

65 Spelling Words Difficult Spellings

66 fierce weird piece perceive perfume preserve soldier model multiple fuel briefcase retrieve deceit perception vegetable preferable rectangle bushel pinnacle preliminary tremendous kaleidoscope persuade unyielding preposterous

67 Question of the Day What are some of the bad effects of clearing rain forests?

68 Today we will learn about:  Fact and Opinion  Graphic Organizers  Word Structure: Endings  Vocabulary  Fluency: Model Phrasing  Grammar: Compound and Complex Sentences  Spelling: Difficult Spellings  Science: Mercury Pollution  Ecosystems

69

70 Fluency Model Phrasing

71 Fluency: Model Phrasing  Turn to page 100.  Notice how I group words into meaningful units, using commas as a guide.  Now we will practice together as a class by doing three choral readings of this page.

72 Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences

73  although it would be weird you could take a briefcase into the rain forest  Although it would be weird, you could take a briefcase into the rain forest.  whose responsibile for damaging the rainforest  Who’s responsible for damaging the rain forest?

74 Compound and Complex Sentences  A simple sentence has a complete subject and a complete predicate.  A compound sentence has two or more simple sentences joined by a comma and a conjunction.

75 Compound and Complex Sentences  A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.  A compound-complex sentence has more than one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.

76 Compound and Complex Sentences  By using compound and complex sentences, you will make your writing more interesting.  Review something you have written to see if you can join some sentences or add clauses to sentences to make them more interesting or informative.

77 Spelling Words Difficult Spellings

78 fierce weird piece perceive perfume preserve soldier model multiple fuel briefcase retrieve deceit perception vegetable preferable rectangle bushel pinnacle preliminary tremendous kaleidoscope persuade unyielding preposterous

79 Question of the Day What can we do to protect our ecosystems?

80 Today we will learn about:  Expository Nonfiction  Reading Across Texts  Content-Area Vocabulary  Fluency: Partner Reading  Grammar: Compound & Complex Sentences  Spelling: Difficult Spellings  Social Studies: Create a Game

81

82 Fluency Partner Reading

83 Fluency: Partner Reading  Turn to page 100.  Read these paragraphs three times with a partner. Be sure to read to convey meaning. Offer each other feedback.

84 Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences

85  people needs to perserve the rain forests  People need to preserve the rain forests.  some trees stays green all yeer but other trees lose their leaves  Some trees stay green all year, but other trees lose their leaves.

86 Compound and Complex Sentences  A simple sentence has a complete subject and a complete predicate.  A compound sentence has two or more simple sentences joined by a comma and a conjunction.

87 Compound and Complex Sentences  A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.  A compound-complex sentence has more than one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.

88 Compound and Complex Sentences  Test Tip:  The conjunction and is used in compound subjects and predicates as well as in compound sentences.  Do not assume that a sentence with and is a compound sentence.

89 Compound and Complex Sentences  Compound Subject: Alec and Zoe saw many colorful birds.  Compound Predicate: They hiked and swam every day.  Compound Sentence: Zoe learned about the rain forest, and so did Alec.

90 Spelling Words Difficult Spellings

91 fierce weird piece perceive perfume preserve soldier model multiple fuel briefcase retrieve deceit perception vegetable preferable rectangle bushel pinnacle preliminary tremendous kaleidoscope persuade unyielding preposterous

92 Question of the Day Why is it important to care about nature?

93 Today we will learn about:  Fact and Opinion  Persuasive Devices  Word Endings  Grammar: Compound & Complex Sentences  Spelling: Difficult Spellings  Graph  Ecosystems

94 Fact and Opinion  A statement that can be proved true or false is called a statement of fact.  A statement that tells a person’s thought, feelings, or ideas is called a statement of opinion. Statements of opinion cannot be proved true or false.

95 Fact and Opinion  Statements of opinion may be either valid or faulty. Valid statements of opinion are supported by facts or are stated by experts.  Faulty statements of opinion are not supported by facts—they are supported only by personal opinions or by the opinions of people who are not experts.

96 Fact and Opinion  You do not need to know whether or not a statement of fact is true. You just need to recognize that a fact can be proven true or false by looking up the information, asking an expert, or checking it out first hand.  An opinion, on the other hand, may be well supported by facts, but it is not itself a fact.

97 Persuasive Devices  When a writer’s purpose is to persuade, he or she presents evidence to convince readers to think or do something.  Some types of evidence, such as facts and expert opinions, are more valid than others.

98 Persuasive Devices  Readers should be wary of the following persuasive devices:  Bandwagon is an attempt to persuade people to think, do, or buy something because a large number of people do.

99 Persuasive Devices  Loaded words have strong connotations and appeal to readers’ emotions.  Testimonial is an endorsement by a well-known person.

100 Word Endings  Endings such as –ed or –s are clues to an unfamiliar word’s part of speech.  The ending –ed is added to a verb to make it past tense, and the ending –s may indicate a present tense, singular verb or a plural noun.  Identify the part of speech of each underlined word in the chart.

101 Word Endings WordPart of Speech heavy downpours of rain The wind scattered the leaves. He sold and transported the timber. rainwater drains away

102 Graph  Graphs show data visually and make it easy for readers to compare pieces of information.  A bar graph represents quantities with bars of varying lengths. On some graphs the bars run horizontally, or across, and on others they run vertically, or up and down.

103 Graph  Bar graphs can be used to show quantities of different items or changes in the quantity of an item over time.

104

105 Graph  A line graph shows amounts as points that are connected by a line. Line graphs typically show changes in amounts over time. Periods of time (hours, days, or weeks) usually appear along the horizontal or vertical line.

106

107 Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences

108  if you want to see insects. Go to the amazon rain forest  If you want to see insects, go to the Amazon rain forest.  some rain forests are near the equator and other are in cooler climates.  Some rain forests are near the equator, and others are in cooler climates.

109 Compound and Complex Sentences  A simple sentence has a complete subject and a complete predicate.  A compound sentence has two or more simple sentences joined by a comma and a conjunction.

110 Compound and Complex Sentences  A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.  A compound-complex sentence has more than one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.

111 Spelling Words Difficult Spellings

112 fierce weird piece perceive perfume preserve soldier model multiple fuel briefcase retrieve deceit perception vegetable preferable rectangle bushel pinnacle preliminary tremendous kaleidoscope persuade unyielding preposterous

113 We are now ready to take our story tests.  Story test  Classroom webpage,  Reading Test  AR  Other Reading Quizzes  Quiz #


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