2 The largest rainforests located in: LocationRainforests are found all over the worldMost found in tropicsThe largest rainforests located in:Amazon River Basin (South America)Congo River Basin (western Africa)throughout southeast Asia.
3 Layers There are 4 layers in the rainforest Emergent LayerCanopy LayerUnderstory LayerForest FloorDifferent animals and plants at each level
4 The Emergent Layer Tallest layer More sun than any other layer Made up of tall, wide treesTrees from 130 to 250 feet tallTrees have waxy leavesVery windy and very warmDendrocnide excelsa (Stinging Tree) in Bunya Mountains National Park-Australia
5 The Canopy Layer Primary layer of rainforest Rises to 150 feet Thick, woody vines called lianas found in this layerPlants grow on the treesUse water and sun unique to canopy layerOrchids, lichens, ferns mosses
6 The UnderstoryReceives only 2-5% of the sunlight available to the canopyMade up of vines, smaller trees, ferns and palms and small bushesPoor soil with few nutrients for plants
7 The Forest Floor Very dark Almost no plant life Decay happens very quicklyLots of large tree rootsMany large animals, frogs, and insects
8 Rainforest Mammals Sloths are slow moving mammals that live in trees Jaguars are the largest of South Americas big cats
9 Rainforest Frogs Poison Dart Frogs Very brightly colored Carry eggs and tadpoles on their backsVery poisonousEat ants, termites, and beetles
10 Rainforest Reptiles Chameleon 160 different species Can move eyes independentlyChameleons change colors and often blend inEat insectsLive in the trees and move slowly
11 Rainforest Birds Toucan Known for large, colorful bill Can eat fruit and insectsLive in flocks of multiple toucansNest in tree holesFemales lay 2 to 4 eggs each year
12 Importance of Rainforest important because they: Rainforests areimportant because they:are the home of many plants and animalsprotect against flood, drought, and erosionHelp provide oxygenSource of foods and medicines
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