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2 The largest rainforests located in: Amazon River Basin (South America) Congo River Basin (western Africa) throughout southeast Asia. Rainforests are found all over the world Most found in tropics

3 There are 4 layers in the rainforest – Emergent Layer – Canopy Layer – Understory Layer – Forest Floor Different animals and plants at each level

4 Tallest layer More sun than any other layer Made up of tall, wide trees – Trees from 130 to 250 feet tall – Trees have waxy leaves Very windy and very warm Dendrocnide excelsa (Stinging Tree) in Bunya Mountains National Park-Australia

5 Primary layer of rainforest Rises to 150 feet Thick, woody vines called lianas found in this layer Plants grow on the trees – Use water and sun unique to canopy layer – Orchids, lichens, ferns mosses

6 Receives only 2-5% of the sunlight available to the canopy Made up of vines, smaller trees, ferns and palms and small bushes Poor soil with few nutrients for plants

7 Very dark Almost no plant life Decay happens very quickly Lots of large tree roots Many large animals, frogs, and insects

8 Sloths are slow moving mammals that live in trees Jaguars are the largest of South Americas big cats

9 Poison Dart Frogs Very brightly colored Carry eggs and tadpoles on their backs Very poisonous Eat ants, termites, and beetles /

10 Chameleon 160 different species Can move eyes independently Chameleons change colors and often blend in Eat insects Live in the trees and move slowly

11 Toucan Known for large, colorful bill Can eat fruit and insects Live in flocks of multiple toucans Nest in tree holes Females lay 2 to 4 eggs each year

12 Rainforests are important because they: are the home of many plants and animals protect against flood, drought, and erosion Help provide oxygen Source of foods and medicines

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