Presentation on theme: "Biomes Notes What is the difference between a Biome and an Ecosystem?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Biomes Notes What is the difference between a Biome and an Ecosystem? BiosphereBiome Ecosystems areEcosystem part of BiomesCommunityPopulation
2 Biomes Ecosystems are grouped into a larger biome Depends on the climate and the type of plants in that area2 types: Terrestrial Biomes (on land)Aquatic Biomes (in the water)The species that live In each biome are different, but may look and act similar to species in other biomes. Because of similar niches in each biome.
3 What is fauna? All of the animals found in a given area. The fauna of an area or ecosystem is all the animal species found there.
4 What is flora? vegetation: all the plant life in a particular region. The species of plants found in a particular area.
5 An ecosystem is all the living and nonliving factors that affect an organism. A biome is a major region that is characterized by its climate,soil type(s), and the dominant plants, animals, and other organisms that live there. A biome is made up of many individual ecosystems.
7 Is the temperature of each Biome: Hot, moderate, or cold? Mountains -Tundra -Desert -Chaparral -Temperate Grassland -Tropical savanna -Taiga -Temperate forest -Tropical rainforest -Polar ice -
8 Is the temperature of each Biome: Hot, moderate, or cold? Mountains - ModerateTundra - ColdDesert - HotChaparral - ModerateTemperate Grassland - ModerateTropical savanna - HotTaiga - ColdTemperate forest - ModerateTropical rainforest - HotPolar ice - Cold
9 ClimateWeather conditions over a longperiod of time
10 Latitude and Altitude Affect the Climate Gets colder the higher up you go (altitude)Gets colder the farther north/south of the equator you go (latitude)Most of food on Earth is grown between degrees north and south of the equatorDo we live in this latitude?
15 TundraArctic tundra can be found in Antarctica and the North Pole, North of the Arctic Circle.Grass, lichen and herbsPermafrost – layer of soil that is always frozen.Very short warm season that is very wetMany insects during warm season
17 Taiga The word taiga means, "marshy pine forest" in Russian. one of the most fragile biomes.Spruce and Fir treesFound in Northern Hemisphere.Growing season very shortNearly constant daylight in summerMany lakes and swamps
19 Temperate Forestclimate and amount of sunlight can vary tremendously between each season.four types: Deciduous forest, Evergreen forest, temperate rain forest, and mixed evergreen and deciduous forests.Deciduous trees, lose their leaves in fall.
21 Grasslands are characterized by their tall, perennial grasses and lack of trees. 2 Types :Tropical grasslands , between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. hot year-round, very dry, season of heavy rain. Temperate grasslands; north of the Tropic of Cancer or south of the Tropic of Capricorn, cold winters and hot summers.cover a quarter of the land on Earth.Grasslands
22 SavannaFound near equator between tropical rain forest and desert biomesGrass, scattered trees, shrubs, many with thornsMany grazing animalsHave a wet and dry seasonPlants and animals most active during wet season.
24 Chaparral smallest biome. grows between forest and grassland, or between desert and grassland biomes.Many plants and trees have leathery leaves, gnarled bark, and intimidating thorns. Often called “scrub”
25 DesertDeserts take up 8.6 million square miles on Earth.
26 Desert Get less than 25 cm of rain each year Has little or no vegetationDriest places on earthOften located on the dry side of mountain ranges
29 Rainforestover half of the world's plant and animal species live here. All fit into only seven percent of the world's land.Found in: Central Africa, Southeast Asia, Philippines, New Guinea, Central and South America.
30 RainforestLayers:Top – Emergent layer – tallest trees above rest of forestNext – canopy – top of normal treesLower canopy – epiphytes – plants that grow on tree trunks – not soil - because light is so far from ground.Understory – lowest level, much darker