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© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 28 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that.

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Presentation on theme: "© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 28 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 28 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. Debating a global issue © Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 28

2 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 2 of 28 Learning objectives What are global issues? Can we influence global issues? What different views are there about global issues? Case Study – the Amazon rainforest What is our role in a sustainable future? © Boardworks Ltd 2006 2 of 28

3 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 3 of 28 You may not think it but we live in a small world! Can you think of any global issues which affect you, your family or your school? What are global issues?

4 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 4 of 28 Which global issues affect us?

5 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 5 of 28 Can we influence these global issues?

6 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 6 of 28 Look at the label on a piece of your clothing or your shoes. Where were they made? Add an X to the map! How are we involved in global issues?

7 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 7 of 28 Do you know anything about the countries you identified? Are they rich or poor? Did the workers who made your clothes get a fair wage? Were your shoes or clothes made using child labour? How are we involved in global issues?

8 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 8 of 28 Across the world today, it is estimated that 120 million children aged 5–14 are in full-time work. In some countries children as young as five are allowed to, or may be made to, work rather than attend school. Often this is to help their parents out of poverty. Child labour They are used by some industries as a cheap form of labour, sometimes making clothes and other products, which are exported to countries like Britain.

9 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 9 of 28 Many things we do, buy, and eat are affected by, and have an impact on, other parts of the world. Look at these British teenagers. Can you identify some of the ways they might be involved in global issues? What other global issues affect you?

10 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 10 of 28 The deforestation of the Amazon rainforest in South America is a major issue facing the world today. In 2004 alone, 26,000km of rainforest was cleared. This is an area roughly the size of Belgium. Global issue case study: the Amazon rainforest

11 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 11 of 28 Amazon rainforest quiz

12 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 12 of 28 What are the effects of deforestation?

13 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 13 of 28 What are the effects of deforestation?

14 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 14 of 28 Who would want to cut the rainforest down? Why? Over the next slides you will find out the views of four groups who have an interest in the changes that are happening to the Amazon rainforest. Who suffers from the deforestation? How? Do they all agree on the future of the rainforest? Why is the Amazon rainforest being cut down?

15 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 15 of 28 We need to bring Brazil into the 21 st century, and the best way to do this is by clearing trees and covering the rainforest with 10,000km of motorways, power lines, mines, canals, ports and oil-fields. These developments create jobs and generate money. This is vital to tackle our country’s problems of poverty and debt. Brazilian government

16 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 16 of 28 Our traditional way of life is being threatened. As the logging companies chop down more and more trees for timber, they are destroying our homes and our future. Hunting is becoming difficult as wildlife habitats are being wiped out. Yanomami tribe

17 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 17 of 28 If the Brazilian government are allowed to continue with their plans, the Amazon rainforest could be wiped out within 50 years. Not only will species of plants and animals be destroyed, but the entire world’s ecosystem will suffer. Destroying the rainforest increases the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which is the main cause of global warming. This is the biggest environmental threat of our time. Environmentalists

18 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 18 of 28 The Brazilian government encourages us to settle in the rainforest. We use cleared land for soya farming, and the soya is exported to other countries around the world. After a few years the land we use becomes infertile so we have to move on to new sections of the rainforest. Our livelihood depends on the the continued clearing of the rainforest. Poor migrant farmers

19 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 19 of 28 Debating deforestation

20 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 20 of 28 Hold a class debate on the following motion: ‘Is the Amazon rainforest being developed or destroyed?’ Different groups in the class will represent either the Brazilian government, environmentalists, poor migrant farmers or tribal people. Do some research on the Internet to find out more about the viewpoint your group will represent. You should be prepared to respond to arguments from other groups. You might like to create posters or leaflets to help support the viewpoint you will be representing in the debate! Debating deforestation

21 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 21 of 28 Debating deforestation

22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 22 of 28 Debating deforestation

23 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 23 of 28 Sustainable development What should happen to the Amazon rainforest when there are conflicting demands on it? One way to help the rainforest survive, but still allow people to benefit from it, is by using it in a sustainable way. Do you know what is meant by ‘sustainable’? Think about all the paper you use at school. It is not sustainable to just throw it all in the bin once you’ve finished with it. What would a sustainable use of the paper be?

24 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 24 of 28 Sustainable development can be achieved in the rainforest by producing goods through constantly reusing the land, rather than just chopping down all the trees for timber. Sustainable development is already happening in many rainforests, where land is being used to grow plants for medicines, rubber, fruits and chocolate. This way, future generations, as well as people today, will continue to benefit from the goods which will still be produced. Sustainable development

25 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 25 of 28 By buying these products we can help support sustainable development and help make a difference. Have you ever seen this label? The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) encourages the responsible management of forests around the world. Sustainable development Do some research to find out about other sustainable development projects happening in the Amazon. If you see the label on a piece of wooden furniture or cardboard packaging, it tells you it is a product of sustainable practices.

26 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 26 of 28 We all have a responsibility to preserve our planet for future generations by using its resources in a sustainable way. What action could be taken at these different levels to contribute to a more sustainable future? Taking action for a sustainable future Schooldevelop recycling Communityplant more trees in the local area Governmentdevelop use of renewable resources Individualsponsor your own acre of rainforest go on eco-friendly holidays; drive lessFamily

27 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 27 of 28 Taking action for a sustainable future Write an article for your school newsletter about the situation in the Amazon rainforest and why it is a global issue. In your article you should mention: how deforestation affects the rainforest who supports deforestation and who does not what your view of deforestation is some ideas for how the school can be more sustainable.

28 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 28 of 28 Glossary Deforestation: the destruction of large areas of forests or trees. Global issue: an issue which affects countries and people around the world. Habitat: the natural home of a plant or animal. Sustainable: able to be continued or maintained, rather than destroyed.

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