Presentation on theme: "Shifting Cultivation[Date] Today I will: -Be introduced to the main characteristics of shifting cultivation Higher Rural."— Presentation transcript:
Shifting Cultivation[Date] Today I will: -Be introduced to the main characteristics of shifting cultivation Higher Rural
What is in the Rural Higher Unit? There are three different types of farming studied in the Rural Unit. 1.Shifting Cultivation 2. Intensive Peasant Farming 3. Extensive Commercial Farming Higher Rural
For Shifting Cultivation (Amazon Rainforest) you must: - Know the main features of the system. - Be able to describe the changes to the system and the effect this has had on the people and landscape. Higher Rural
Higher Rural One of the most primitive form of farming found on the earth, Shifting Agriculture still supports over 300 million people. This type of farming has probably existed for over 10,000 years and was once very widespread – even found in stone-age Europe. Largely replaced by fixed farming, it is now in danger of disappearing altogether. It is now found mainly in equatorial rainforest areas.
Higher Rural Remote Tribe: BBC There are many tribes that live in the Amazon rainforest. They have different cultures and traditions that are passed down for all Amazon tribes. For example: Yanomami tribes are the largest tribe in the Amazon today
Higher Rural Shifting Cultivation is a farming system which takes place in rainforests across the world. Shifting = Moving Cultivation = Farming
Higher Rural Case Study: Amazon Rainforest Shifting cultivation is primarily found in the Amazon . It is extensive  peasant farming – the system only supports low densities of population . It is subsistence in nature (enough to feed the local community with little or nothing left as surplus to sell) . Natural vegetation is cleared by felling and burning – ‘Slash and Burn’ technique . They then use the ash from the tree burning to fertilise the soil. Fruit trees already growing (e.g. avocado) are left as a source of food . A mixture of crops are planted in the clearing (e.g. yams, beans, manioc), using very little cultivation (no artificial fertiliser used) . Crops needing most nutrients are planted first e.g. maize and soya . As soil fertility falls less demanding crops are grown e.g. manioc. Once yields are low due to the soil becoming exhausted the clearing is then abandoned . Natural vegetation is left to recolonise i.e. 'fallowing‘ .