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Jaguar © David Tomlinson. Jaguar Scientific name Panthera onca In these countries: Mexico down through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica,

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Presentation on theme: "Jaguar © David Tomlinson. Jaguar Scientific name Panthera onca In these countries: Mexico down through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Jaguar © David Tomlinson

2 Jaguar Scientific name Panthera onca In these countries: Mexico down through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina. The Jaguar is found in Central and South America. Click here to find out which countries the Jaguar can be found in

3 What habitat do they live in? Jaguars can live in swamp areas and flooded grassland. Jaguars can live in rainforest and woodland. Jaguars can live in dry grassland, forest and desert. Rainforest in Argentina Dry forest in Paraguay Pantanal (wetland) in Paraguay © WLT © John Burton/ WLT © Alberto Yanosky Click to find out

4 Why are they threatened? Because of habitat destruction, many Jaguar populations have become separated from each other and they cannot move about over a large area, or mix with other Jaguars, and this makes them vulnerable (an easy target for human hunters). Jaguars sometimes hunt cattle and so are often shot by farmers and ranchers. Jaguar in captivity © Kelly Jacobs/WLT Why does habitat destruction threaten the Jaguar? Click here to find out

5 How do they communicate? Although it can roar, the Jaguar is more likely to be heard grunting or coughing. When they are threatened Jaguars will snarl or growl, but during the mating season they will mew. © Rebecca Absalom/WLT What sort of noises do you think this big cat makes? Click to find out A Jaguar makes scratch marks on trees to let other Jaguars know they are around. Jaguar footprints are sometimes found in the mud in the wild. © Silvia Centron Click to see Jaguar scratches on a tree in Paraguay Click to see a Jaguar footprint next to a penknife in Paraguay

6 What do they eat? They will also eat tapir, birds, monkeys, fish, turtles, and domestic cattle. Jaguars are carnivores and will eat almost anything they can catch. Altogether Jaguars may eat up to 85 different types of animal. Images © Chris Knowles, Alan Martin, Kelly Jacobs/WLT Peccaries (a pig-like animal) ArmadillosCapybara Sloths Caiman (an alligator-like reptile) Deer Click to see

7 How long do they live? In captivity one female reached 32 years old (but wild Jaguars may live less than half this age). From nose to tail they can be more than 2 metres long, and from paw to shoulder they can be 70 cm tall. How big are they? Jaguar caught in a camera trap in the forest in Mexico © Roberto Pedraza Look at the picture above, how long –from nose to tail- do you think a Jaguar can grow? Click here to find out

8 What do they look like? Jaguars have shorter legs than many other big cats and a muscular build. Jaguars have a patterned coat that can be a tawny- golden colour or black. Black Jaguars are sometimes called panthers (black leopards are also called panthers), but they are still the same species, just a different colour. Click to learn about black Jaguars They have spots inside the black circles (which are called rosettes) on their fur. Jaguar in captivity © Kelly Jacobs/WLT

9 Tell me about their babies: A female Jaguar will raise 2 cubs, and they will stay with her for 2 years. Adult Jaguars are solitary animals, males and females only come together to mate. © Sarah Nash Can you see the Jaguar resting in the rainforest in Belize? Click here for arrow

10 Jaguars are good swimmers, and they often live close to water. Interesting facts: Jaguars do not chase their prey like many other big cats, but hide and jump out at it. The name Jaguar comes from the native American word ‘yaguar’ which means ‘animal that kills with one bound’. Jaguars have large heads and big teeth. They have a very strong bite – they can crack open tortoise and turtle shells.

11 A story from the wild: Jaguar are very shy and good at hiding also they are mostly active at night, and so are not seen during the day very much. This is Roberto. He is attaching a camera trap to a tree in Mexico. When the camera senses movement, it will take a picture. So how do we take pictures of Jaguar? Click here to find out © Roberto Pedraza This is a picture of Roberto and his work friends that the camera took as they walked away. © Roberto Pedraza Click here to see the first picture this camera trap took

12 A story from the wild: Several days later Roberto came back to see if any photos had been taken while he was away. Roberto noticed that his dog, Camila, was very quiet, instead of running around the forest she walked very close to him. Click here to see what Roberto found when he checked the camera trap This is a large male Jaguar. Camila could probably smell the Jaguar in the forest and this made her scared. The habitat of Jaguars in Central and South America is shrinking all the time, and Jaguars are still hunted by people in some places. So knowing where they live in order to protect their habitat is really important. Click here to learn why taking pictures of Jaguar is so important © Roberto Pedraza Roberto is really happy that a male Jaguar is living in this area of protected forest.

13 If you choose the Jaguar as your fundraising focus, your donation will go towards World Land Trust projects for the conservation of wildlife habitat in the Atlantic rainforest in Argentina. © Silvia Centron


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