2Species Diversity Quick Facts The tropical rainforest has more species of plants and animals than any other part of the world, with a significantly fewer amount of eachPlants adapt to rain by shedding water off their leaves quickly so the branches don't get weighed down and breakOver 2,500 species of vines grow in the rainforest and make up 40% of the canopy leavesTrees of the same species are very seldom found growing close together which prevents mass contamination from disease or insect infestationThere may be 40 to 100 different species of animals in 2.5 acres (1 hectare) of a tropical rain forestPlants:Bromeliads, Carnivorous Plants (like Pitcher Plants), Epiphytes (air plants that grow on branches high in the trees), Lianas (woody vines), Orchids, Saprophytes, Stilt / Prop Roots, Strangler Fig, Bengal Bamboo, Bougainvillea, Curare, Coconut Tree, Durian, Jambu, Kapok Tree, Mangrove Forests, TualangAnimals:Africa Forest Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Chimpanzee, Common Palm Civet or Musang, Dawn Bat, Golden Lion Tamarin, Jambu Fruit Dove, King Cobra, Kinkajou, Linn's Sloth, Orangutan, Proboscis Monkey, Red-shanked Douc Langur, Silvery Gibbon, Slender Loris, Sumatra, Rhinoceros, Toco Toucan, Vampire Bat, Wagler's Pit Viper
3Important Information Solar Insolations (seasons): Temperature and rainfall are both high and even throughout the year, which is what classifies a tropical rainforest as such.Temperature:The average annual temperature is 77°F. The average minimum monthly temperature is a humid 64°F.Limiting Factor:Sunlight is a major limiting factor.Beneath the canopy, there is a lowintensity of light that plants and animalsmust adapt to in order to survive.Precipitation:Tropical Rainforests can average as little as 6 feet, or as much as 30 feet, of rainfall per year. What distinguishes a true rain forest is the distribution of precipitation throughout the year—there are no dry seasons. They receive at least 4 inches per month, but usually more. If a rain forest does have dry periods, they are usually short and unpredictable.
4Food Chain Energy from the sun Bromeliads Ant Fungus Jaguar Sloth It is important to know that throughout the food chain, energy is constantly being released!Energy from the sunBromeliadsProducersAntPrimary ConsumerFungusDecomposerJaguarTertiary ConsumerSlothSecondary Consumer
5The Four Layers of the Rainforest Emergent Layer-Tallest trees are the emergents, standing as high as 200 feet above the forest floor with trunks that measure up to 16 feet around. Most of these trees are broad-leaved, hardwood evergreensMuch sunlight since it is the top layer of the rainforestCanopy Layer-Primary layer of the forest, forms a roof over the two lower layers Most canopy trees have smooth, oval leaves that come to a point… there are a maze of branches in this layerMany animals live in this area since food is abundantUnderstory Layer-Little sunshine reaches this area so the plants must grow larger leaves to reach the sunlightThe plants in this area rarely grow to reach 12 feetMany animals and insects live hereForest Floor-Very dark down here, since it is the lowest layerAlmost no plants grow in this areaSince hardly any sun reaches the forest floor things begin to decay quickly