Presentation on theme: "The Wonderful World of the Rainforest How important is the rainforest to humans?"— Presentation transcript:
The Wonderful World of the Rainforest How important is the rainforest to humans?
The Rainforest By Natasha Cheeks
Overview What is a rainforest? The different rainforest and where they are located The importance of the rainforest Why do we need to save the rainforest? Conclusion
What is a rainforest? A forest with heavy annual rain Earth’s oldest living ecosystems Covers only 6% of the Earth’s surface contains more than ½ of the world’s plant and animal species Has four layers Emergent layer Canopy layer Understory layer Forest floor
The Earth’s Rainforest http://www.srl.caltech.edu/personnel/ krubal/rainforest/Edit560s6/www/where.html
Central America Located in the middle of North America and South America at the peninsula Used to be entirely covered by rainforest Famous for its large number of tropical birds including parrots Animals Poison arrow frogs Toucans Hummingbirds Monarch butterfly Piranha
The Amazon Located in South America The largest rainforest on Earth Has the 2 nd longest river 1/5 of plants and bird species 1/10 of mammal species Animals Jaguar Tapir Many types of monkeys
Central Africa 2 nd largest rainforest Contains areas of High cloud forest Mangrove swamps Flooded forest Madagascar is to the south east Animals African Grey Parrot Chimpanzee Gorilla Scaly-tailed squirrels
Southern Asia Has many locations Stretches from India and Burma in the west to Malaysia and the islands of Java and Borneo in the east Is hot and humid year round Animals include: Komodo dragon Bengal Tiger King Cobra Dawn Bat Jambu Fruit Dove
Australasia Rainforest Located in Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea Undergrowth is dense and lush Lies in the path of wet winds coming in from the Pacific Ocean Animals include Brown tree snakes Carpet python Komodo dragon Kakapo
Importance of the Rainforest Our source of many items that we use in our homes Eat several foods from the rainforest Many medicines come from rainforest Many different beautiful plants and animals The Earth’s living lung Breathes in carbon dioxide and breathes out oxygen
Why Should We Save the Rainforest? The National Wildlife Federation in 1993 listed ten reasons why we should save the rainforests : People have no right to destroy the rainforests for their own purposes. Destroying the forests may change the world's weather patterns. The loss of the forests are causing serious problems such as soil erosion and water pollution. Wood products in which the rest of the world depends may soon become scarce and more expensive. Many migrating birds common in North America depend on the rainforest habitats. The loss of the rainforest may affect these species. Cultures of the forests are losing their native lands. They have a right to live where and how they want. There are many plants that could help scientists develop new crops, medicines, and other products. We don't want to lose our knowledge of the rainforest plants, animals and other information. Rainforests are exotic and unique where strange plants and animals live which inspires many people. We can't lose this inspiration. The forests contain more than 50% of all plant and animals species in the world. Destroying the forests will destroy these species forever. So little has been researched in the forests that could provide people with many beneficial products, even a possible cure for cancer. We can't destroy what nature has given to us. http://www.hipark.austin.isd.tenet.edu/projects/fourth/rainforests/environment.html
Conclusion The rainforest is the Earth’s largest ecosystem Has four main location Is a home to many different plants and animals Has four layers Has five different areas on the Earth Is very important to us as a human being Why would you save the rainforest?