European writers during 1600 and1700s stated people have the power of reason People can recognize their natural rights- rights we are born with and can’t be taken away
Representative government Government exists for the people, not people for the government
Purpose of government is to protect natural rights Rights of life, liberty, and property Any govt. who abuses its power should NOT be obeyed
Separation of Powers – dividing government power between at least two groups to avoid abuse
Our model: Legislative = makes the laws Executive = enforces the laws Judicial = interprets the laws No branch could gain too much power
Geneva, 1712-1778 1762 - The Social ContractThe Social Contract Popular Sovereignty, the “General Will” Exchange Personal freedom for Civil freedom In obeying the law each citizen is thus subject to his or her own will, and consequently, according to Rousseau, remains free.. “Man is born free, but is everywhere in chains”
Explain Locke’s view of government. Explain Montesquieu’s idea of separation of powers.