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The European Holocaust: 1936-1946. Holocaust: Definition Literal: completely burnt by fire 1: a thorough destruction involving extensive loss of life.

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Presentation on theme: "The European Holocaust: 1936-1946. Holocaust: Definition Literal: completely burnt by fire 1: a thorough destruction involving extensive loss of life."— Presentation transcript:

1 The European Holocaust:

2 Holocaust: Definition Literal: completely burnt by fire 1: a thorough destruction involving extensive loss of life especially through fire 2: a often capitalized : the mass slaughter of European civilians- especially Jews by the Nazis during World War II b: a mass slaughter of an entire race; : genocide genocide

3 Common Misunderstandings about W.W. II and the Holocaust Yes, the Holocaust was Horrible! But, it wasn’t the primary reason for W.W.II More accurately, W.W.II was about “Lebensraum” or living space for Hitler’s Aryan “master” race Once this land was conquered there would be NO undesirables living in it Undesirables included: Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, crippled, Jehovah Witnesses, mentally challenged, political opponents These people died in the camps or were executed just like the Jews Not all died in concentration camps by gas and ovens. Up to ½ died from being shot or simply starving to death * Estimated numbers 6,000,000 Jews 1,000,000 Slavs (Polish/Russian undesirables) 2,500,000 Soviet POWs 300,000 Gypsies 200,000 disabled 100,000 political opponents 15,000 homosexuals 100,000 undesirable religious (pacifists)

4 Hebrews/Jews/Israelites Adam/Eve Garden of Eden Noah’s Ark Abraham Promised Land Isaac/Ishmael Moses Red Sea 10 Commandments David and Goliath wisdom of Solomon Sabbath Rabbi Torah Kosher Hanukah Passover

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6 Anti-Semitism (anti-semitic): being anti-Jewish. Policies, writings, practices that discriminate against the Jews (a semitic tribe) Believing things like the Jews control the banks and Media

7 Why have Jews been the target of so much persecution Jews are different (clothing, beliefs, customs,,etc) Don’t believe Jesus was son of God Wrongly labeled “Christ killers” Tradition of being money lenders led to the myth that they control the banks or money system Because of their money – Jews have gone to good universities so some say they influence education Many Jews are writers or journalists Some say that they control the media (newspapers, radio, tv) Hitler needed someone to blame for Germany’s failures and the Jews were an easy target In Hitler’s new Europe there would be no Jews – purge Europe of all Jews (holocaust)

8 Since Karl Marx was Jewish Many Anti-Semites taught that communism was part of a Jewish plot to control even more The Nazis hated communism and felt that it was their duty to destroy it

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10 “Lebensraum”: living space (for the master race) “Borders are made by man and changed by man” – Adolf Hitler “borders are just silly lines that politicians draw on maps” “the master race will decide what their borders will be not the League of Nations”

11 Concentration/Death camps during W.W.II

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13 Helpful Vocabulary specific to the European Holocaust of the 20 th Century Anti-Semitism: having to do with being anti-Jewish. Publications policies, practices that discriminate against the Jews (a Semitic tribe) Ghettos: run-down, separated areas of towns where undesirables or different people were forced to live. The term originated during European Middle Ages as Christians would not allow Jews to live in the same areas with them Nuremburg Laws: Policies drawn up in Nazi Germany in the city of Nuremburg. Laws took away citizenship rights to Jews. Forbid Jews from government positions –including teachers. Forbid inter marriage between Jews and non-Jews. Jews must register with government and wear yellow Star of David to identify selves SS, Gestapo: Hitler’s elite secret police that oversaw the roundup and eventual extermination of the undesirables Final Solution to the Jewish question : Hitler’s Plan to not simply enslave Europe’s Jews but to permanently erase all trace of Jewish blood from the continent of Europe (Genocide- complete extermination of an entire race of people) Auschwitz largest and most infamous Nazi concentration camp located in Poland. Held over 400,000 prisoners. Contained gas chambers and ovens. Over million people were murdered here.

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15 SS “ blackshirts” SS – Hitler’s strict super elite forces that did his “special” assignments ( think Holocaust – torture)

16 SS officer

17 Once an area was conquered – the Nazis were the law In the rural areas SS squads were sent out to round up Jews, have then dig trenches and then murder them

18 Reinhard Heydrich Reinhard Heydrich ( ) was second in importance to Heinrich Himmler in the Nazi SS organization. Nicknamed "The Blond Beast" by the Nazis, and "Hangman Heydrich" by others, Heydrich had insatiable greed for power and was a cold, calculating manipulator without human compassion who was the leading planner of Hitler's Final Solution in which the Nazis attempted to exterminate the entire Jewish population of Europe.

19 Once the area was conquered Jews were forced to leave their homes and move to locked and guarded ghettos

20 Later, the Jews were forced to leave the ghettos were sent to labor camps

21 Auschwitz: the most infamous death camp. Over 1 million were gassed and burned here

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25 Allied forces making ordinary German citizens view the bodies and sign off as witnesses to the Holocaust

26 Dr. Josef Mengele chief medical officer at Aushcwitz Called the “Angel of Death” Treated humans as laboratory rats Conducted hundreds of experiments on twins, dwarfs and children

27 Nazi “medical” experiments Included things like: How long can someone survive in cold water Altitude experiments; how high can someone go without oxygen Drinking seawater Infect Jews with various diseases and then try your vaccines Sex change operations Re-attaching limbs Changing eye-color Sterilization experiments Burn remedies Remedies to gas and poison Psychological experiments on twins

28 How does this happen ? indoctrination Controlled media De-humanizing “No one gets in trouble” culture War-zone “ WE make the rules ” mentality Culture of obedience Stanley Milgram study (1961)

29 “ To those who say that they will not come over to our side I calmly reply, ‘We already have the minds of your children’ - Adolf Hitler

30 NAZI book burning ceremonies

31 “wherever they burn books they will also in the end burn human beings” »- Heinrich Heine

32 Could another Holocaust happen? How?

33 » First they came for the communists, and I did not speak out-- because I was not a communist; Then they came for the unions, and I did not speak out-- because I wasn’t in a union » Next they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out-- because I was a Christian » Last they came for me-- and by then there was no one left to speak out for me » Martin Neimoller – »(christian pastor and survivor of Nazi concentration camp)

34 Assignment: Now turn the paper over and brainstorm with your group ideas to help assure that someone thing like this will never happen again

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36 “The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing” »- Edmund Burke

37 “Each time a man stands up for an ideal, or acts to improve the lot of others he sends forth a tiny ripple of hope, and crossing each other from a million different centers of energy and daring, those ripples build a current that can sweep down the mightiest walls of oppression and resistance” Robert F. Kennedy

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40 Once the area was conquered Jews were forced to leave their homes and move to locked and guarded ghettos

41 Later, the Jews were forced to leave the ghettos were sent to labor camps

42 Concentration/Death camps during W.W.II

43 Oscar Schindler Amon Goeth (Nazi SS officer)

44 The Real Amon Goeth

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