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Civics EOC Review – Part 1 Test Bank Questions. I feel ready for the Civics EOC? 1.Strongly Agree 2.Agree 3.Neutral 4.Disagree 5.Strongly Disagree.

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Presentation on theme: "Civics EOC Review – Part 1 Test Bank Questions. I feel ready for the Civics EOC? 1.Strongly Agree 2.Agree 3.Neutral 4.Disagree 5.Strongly Disagree."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civics EOC Review – Part 1 Test Bank Questions

2 I feel ready for the Civics EOC? 1.Strongly Agree 2.Agree 3.Neutral 4.Disagree 5.Strongly Disagree

3 Reporting Category 1 Origins and Purposes of Law and Government

4 The image below concerns government. Which Enlightenment idea is represented by the image? 1.separation of powers 2.checks and balances 3.social contract 4.natural law SS.7.C.1.1

5 The quote below is from a historical document. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. How does this quote reflect the influence of Enlightenment ideas on the Founding Fathers? 1.They had reservations about self- government. 2.They were concerned with property rights. 3.They supported individual liberties. 4.They created a limited monarchy. SS.7.C.1.1

6 Below is a newspaper headline. Which Enlightenment idea is represented by the headline? 1.separation of powers 2.checks and balances 3.social contract 4.natural law SS.7.C.1.1

7 Which right is an example of an Enlightenment idea? 1.Fifth Amendment self-incrimination protection 2.First Amendment freedom of speech guarantees 3.First Amendment freedom of religion guarantees 4.Fourth Amendment search and seizure protection SS.7.C.1.1

8 How are the Enlightenment ideas that influenced the Founding Fathers reflected in modern institutions? SS.7.C Colonies have been re-established to preserve popular sovereignty. 2.Oligarchies have increased to safeguard natural rights. 3.The United Nations promotes universal human rights. 4.The European Union encourages economic stability.

9 The statements below are from the 1776 Virginia Declaration of Rights. Source: Public Domain / U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Which statement reflects the Enlightenment ideas of government as expressed by Montesquieu? SS.7.C.1.1 1)That in all capital or criminal prosecutions a man hath a right to demand... evidence in his favor, and to a speedy trial by an impartial jury... 2)That the legislative, executive, and judiciary department shall be separate and distinct... 3)That the freedom of the press is one of the great bulwarks of liberty, and can never be restrained... 4)That a well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defense of a free state

10 Which idea is from the Magna Carta? SS.7.C The people should be completely free from the government. 2.The people should support a strong central government. 3.The government should give people a fair and speedy trial. 4.The government should have unlimited power to tax.

11 The conversation below concerns lawmaking. Doug: I believe in making laws only when everyone can participate in public decision making. Nicole: I disagree with you; it is best for laws to be made by the people who have been chosen for that purpose. Which colonial principle is being discussed? SS.7.C limited monarchy 2.self-government 3.social contract 4.natural rights

12 Below is a timeline. Which writing encourages the action demonstrated in the timeline? SS.7.C.1.2 YearEvent 1918Latvia declares independence 1940Soviet Union takes over Latvia 1988Latvian people push for independence August 1991Latvia declares independence September 1991U.S. president announces full diplomatic recognition of Latvia September 1991Latvia joins the United Nations 1.Common Sense 2.U.S. Constitution 3.Mayflower Compact 4.Articles of Confederation

13 The statements below are from the English Bill of Rights, That the pretended power of suspending laws … without consent of Parliament is illegal; That excessive bail ought not to be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted; And that for redress of all grievances, and for the amending, strengthening and preserving of the laws, Parliaments ought to be held frequently. Source: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Which purpose of government can be traced to these statements? SS.7.C provide for the common defense 2.promote the general welfare 3.ensure domestic tranquility 4.establish justice

14 The passage below was written by Thomas Paine in his 1776 pamphlet, Common Sense. And as he hath shown himself such an … enemy to liberty, and discovered such a thirst for... power, is he, or is he not, a proper man to say to these colonies, "You shall make no laws but what I please"? Source: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Based on this passage, how is the author’s view reflected in the U.S. political system? SS.7.C The monarchy creates limited government. 2.The monarchy supports self-government. 3.Representatives are appointed. 4.Representatives are elected.

15 The diagram below shows that the colonists formed some of their political views from some historical documents. Which phrase completes the diagram? SS.7.C separation of powers 2.economic freedom 3.self-government 4.individual rights

16 Which document addressed colonial concerns about English policies? SS.7.C Declaration of Independence 2.Mayflower Compact 3.U.S. Constitution 4.Bill of Rights

17 The stamp below is from the front page of a 1765 newspaper. Source: Library of Congress What was the significance of the stamp on the newspaper? SS.7.C It demonstrated that Parliament ignored the colonists’ media communications. 2.It demonstrated that Parliament controlled the colonists’ press outlets. 3.It represented the colonists’ opposition to English tax policies. 4.It represented the colonists’ fulfillment of English tax policies.

18 The political cartoon below was created by Benjamin Franklin in1754. Source: Library of Congress Which action did colonists use this cartoon to support? SS.7.C Declaring independence from the British monarchy. 2.Declaring loyalty to the British monarchy. 3.Dissolving colonial legislatures. 4.Dissolving colonial charters.

19 The quotes below are from historical documents. What is the relationship between these concepts? SS.7.C Both declare to the world why the colonists wanted freedom from England. 2.Both represent actions taken by the colonists to enforce English policies. 3.Both are in response to English policies imposed upon the colonists. 4.Both are responses by England to the actions of the colonists.

20 Why did Parliament eventually repeal the Stamp Act, which taxed goods such as newspapers and playing cards? SS.7.C The colonists established a blockade against British goods. 2.The colonists were able to produce their own goods. 3.The colonists started destroying British goods. 4.The colonists began boycotting British goods.

21 The diagram below describes a cause that led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence. Which action completes the diagram? SS.7.C Colonial agricultural trade increases. 2.Colonial religious devotion increases. 3.Colonial demand for political change increases. 4.Colonial demand for military assistance increases.

22 The passage below is from a historical document. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. Source: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Which document contains this passage? SS.7.C Declaration of Independence 2.Articles of Confederation 3.English Bill of Rights 4.U.S. Constitution

23 The passage below is from a historical document. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights.... Source: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration What is the main idea of this passage? SS.7.C Only citizens can enjoy the rights guaranteed by a government. 2.People have rights that cannot be denied by any government. 3.Government must equally distribute power among people. 4.Government is necessary to promote equality.

24 The passage below is from a historical document....That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it.... Source: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Based on the passage, where should governments get their power? SS.7.C from the legislative branch 2.from the executive branch 3.from elected leaders 4.from the public

25 Below is a diagram. Which statement completes the diagram? SS.7.C It is the role of government to determine natural rights. 2.It is the role of government to protect natural rights. 3.People establish natural rights. 4.People possess natural rights.

26 What is one way that the ideas stated in the Declaration of Independence are evident today? SS.7.C equal employment opportunities 2.voting rights amendments 3.selective service 4.term limits

27 The passage below was written by Thomas Paine in his 1776 book, Common Sense. Based on this passage, with which complaint against the king from the Declaration of Independence would Thomas Paine agree? SS.7.C persecuting immigrant groups 2.taking away religious rights 3.taking away political rights 4.persecuting racial groups

28 The diagram below shows steps leading to a historical event. Which event completes the diagram? SS.7.C Declaration of Independence 2.Articles of Confederation 3.Annapolis Convention 4.Whiskey Rebellion

29 Which weakness of the Articles of Confederation led to Shays’s Rebellion? SS.7.C The national government lacked the power to regulate trade. 2.The national government lacked a national court system. 3.The national government lacked central leadership. 4.The national government lacked the power to tax.

30 What was the state-level response to Shays’s Rebellion? SS.7.C Judicial protection against taxation without representation. 2.Taxes were declared unconstitutional. 3.Executive regulation of farm trade. 4.Debt relief was enacted.

31 Why was the government’s authority to regulate commerce a weakness of the Articles of Confederation? SS.7.C The president’s authority to collect taxes unfairly burdened the poor. 2.The national court system unfairly prosecuted trade laws. 3.The states’ authority to impose taxes decreased trade. 4.The legislature gave too much power to larger states.

32 The passage below is from a historical document. Art. II. Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled. Source: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration How does the U.S. Constitution address concerns that resulted from the government described in this passage? SS.7.C The new government could enforce treaties between the states. 2.The new government could settle disputes between the states. 3.The new government could regulate trade between the states. 4.The new government could levy taxes between the states.

33 How did the U.S. Constitution solve a problem created by the Articles of Confederation? SS.7.C It avoided the issue of states’ rights. 2.It allowed the states to elect representatives. 3.It prevented the amendment of federal laws. 4.It enabled the federal government to collect taxes.

34 Which part of the U.S. Constitution states the six purposes of government? SS.7.C Bill of Rights 2.Article IV 3.Preamble 4.Article I

35 The statement below was made by President Lyndon B. Johnson during an address to the nation on March 31, I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President. Source: Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library Which intention of the Preamble is reflected in the statement? SS.7.C Government holds frequent elections. 2.Government exists to serve the people. 3.Government promotes the general welfare. 4.Government provides for the common defense.

36 Why did the Framers require that the U.S. House of Representatives have the sole power to introduce tax bills? SS.7.C Laws are easier to debate and pass in the U.S. House of Representatives. 2.Members of the U.S. House of Representatives are directly elected by the people. 3.Elections are more frequent and expensive for the U.S. House of Representatives. 4.Members of the U.S. House of Representatives are required to have legal experience.

37 This newspaper headline describes an event in U.S. history. Which government purpose identified in the Preamble is reflected in the headline? SS.7.C ensure domestic tranquility 2.promote the general welfare 3.secure the blessings of liberty 4.provide for the common defense

38 The statement below is from a historical document. We the People of the United States... do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Source: Library of Congress How is this statement reflected in the modern American political system? SS.7.C Voters elect Congress members. 2.The Electoral College elects Congress. 3.Congress enforces policies. 4.The president enacts policies.

39 In the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution, what is the meaning of the phrase “We the People?” SS.7.C The people express their will through political parties. 2.The people express their will by directly creating laws. 3.Government receives taxes from the people and exists to support them. 4.Government receives its power from the people and exists to serve them.

40 What check does the U.S. Senate have on the president? SS.7.C overriding vetoes 2.appointing judges 3.declaring laws unconstitutional 4.refusing to confirm appointments

41 The statement below was written by John Adams in April A representation of the people in one assembly being obtained, a question arises, whether all the powers of government, legislative, executive, and judicial, shall be left in this body? I think a people cannot be long free, nor ever happy, whose government is in one assembly. Source: Thoughts on Government, Letter of John Adams Which basic principle of American government is John Adams describing in this statement? SS.7.C separation of powers 2.individual rights 3.natural laws 4.civic virtue

42 The table below describes several powers of the U.S. government. Which two principles are described in this table? SS.7.C Senate confirms nominations President nominates judges Supreme Court declares laws unconstitutional Congress overrides vetoes President vetoes legislation Supreme Court hears cases between states 1.separation of powers and checks and balances 2.separation of powers and popular sovereignty 3.federalism and judicial review 4.federalism and republicanism

43 Which principle does the U.S. Supreme Court apply when it declares an act of Congress unconstitutional? SS.7.C separation of powers 2.checks and balances 3.advice and consent 4.executive privilege

44 Which principle supports President Eisenhower’s action to uphold the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision that public schools should be integrated? SS.7.C judicial review 2.checks and balances 3.separation of powers 4.constitutional government

45 The passage below is from Federalist No. 47, written by James Madison in Montesquieu was guided... in saying “There can be no liberty where the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or body”... he did not mean that these departments ought to have... no CONTROL over, the acts of each other. Source: Public Domain / Project Gutenberg Based on this passage, which constitutional principle does Madison describe? SS.7.C separation of powers 2.checks and balances 3.popular sovereignty 4.judicial review

46 What was the Anti-Federalists’ greatest concern about ratifying the U.S. Constitution? SS.7.C The lack of a federal court system. 2.The lack of legislative veto power. 3.The lack of a strong military. 4.The lack of a bill of rights.

47 The table below shows views about government. What title completes the table? SS.7.C Patriots and Loyalists 2.Federalists and Anti-Federalists 3.New Jersey Plan and Virginia Plan 4.Articles of Confederation and U.S. Constitution

48 Why does the U.S. Supreme Court continue to debate states’ rights? SS.7.C Because the Constitution can be amended. 2.Because the Constitution allows judicial review. 3.States’ rights are not mentioned in the Preamble. 4.States’ rights are not enumerated in the Bill of Rights.

49 The statement below appeared in a 1787 essay by James Winthrop. Source: Letters of Agrippa, No. 4 What does this statement reflect? SS.7.C Federalist views 2.Anti-Federalist views 3.a cause of Shays’s Rebellion 4.a cause of the Great Compromise

50 The passage below was written by James Madison in Extend the sphere, and you take in a greater variety of parties and interests; you make it less probable that a majority of the whole will have a common motive to invade the rights of other citizens;… Source: Federalist Paper #10 Based on this passage, what change in modern political society would Madison support? SS.7.C Expanding the size of the Cabinet. 2.Expanding the size of the Electoral College. 3.Expanding the number of candidates in campaigns. 4.Expanding the role of special interest groups in campaigns.

51 Which statement supports the Anti-Federalists in the struggle over ratification of the U.S. Constitution? SS.7.C The Constitution should limit state government. 2.The Constitution should protect fundamental rights. 3.The Constitution should create a strong national government. 4.The Constitution should prevent the election of amateur politicians.

52 Which principle is included in the U.S. Constitution? SS.7.C rule of law 2.right to trial 3.capitalism 4.confederalism

53 The passages below are from Executive Order 13490, issued by President Barack Obama in By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution …it is hereby ordered as follows: …Every appointee in every executive agency …shall be...committed to, the following pledge upon becoming an appointee: "As a condition, and in consideration, of my employment in the United States Government in a position invested with the public trust, …I will not accept gifts from registered lobbyists or lobbying organizations for the duration of my service as an appointee.” Source: The White House Press Office Based on these passages, what is the purpose of this executive order? SS.7.C Government employees should be held to the rule of law. 2.Government employees should work with interest groups. 3.Government employees should support political candidates. 4.Government employees should respect enforcement of the law.

54 The quote below is from a 1977 interview with President Richard Nixon. Source: New York Times Based on the quote, what can be presumed about the rule of law? SS.7.C It requires judicial review. 2.It promotes fair procedures. 3.It requires consistent application. 4.It promotes institutional transparency.

55 The conversation below took place between two U.S. citizens. Kevin: I do not want to visit a country where the police force operates like an organized crime gang. Peggy: I do not want to visit a country where the police make up evidence. What principle is important to these citizens? SS.7.C representative democracy 2.freedom of speech 3.trial by jury 4.rule of law

56 The statement below is from the Magna Carta written in To no one will we sell, to no one will we refuse or delay, right or justice. Source: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Which political principle justifies this statement? SS.7.C The right to trial protects political institutions. 2.The rule of law guarantees fair legal treatment. 3.Checks and balances prevent tyranny in government. 4.Separation of powers permits shared government authority.

57 The Code of Hammurabi (1772 BC) includes laws focusing on contracts. What type of U.S. law is based on the Code of Hammurabi? SS.7.C civil 2.constitutional 3.criminal 4.military

58 The table below lists examples of laws. Which list represents military law? SS.7.C.3.10 Category A Assault Murder Theft Category B Adoption Contract Disputes Personal Injury Category C Abandonment of post Conduct unbecoming of an officer Mutiny Category D Discrimination Eminent domain Treason 1.Category A 2.Category B 3.Category C 4.Category D

59 Which situation would most likely lead to a civil case? SS.7.C A person robs another person at gunpoint. 2.A person is caught breaking into a house. 3.A person breaks a leg at a friend’s house. 4.A person fails to stop at a red light.

60 The graph below illustrates juvenile arrest rates for motor vehicle theft. Source: Adapted from the U.S. Department of Justice Which type of law is illustrated the graph? SS.7.C civil 2.constitutional 3.criminal 4.military

61 The passage below is from a U.S. Supreme Court opinion announcement. In 1989 the court held in Stanford versus Kentucky that the Constitution allows states to impose the death penalty on an offender who is 16 or 17 years old when he committed the crime. In the interpretation of its terms we have established …the necessity of …standards of decency that mark the progress of a maturing society. Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments forbid imposition of the death penalty on offenders who are under the age of 18 when their crimes were committed. Source: Roper v. Simmons (2005) According to the passage, which action did the U.S. Supreme Court find constitutional? SS.7.C The death penalty may be imposed only on adults. 2.The death penalty may be imposed only on juveniles. 3.The death penalty may be imposed on both adults and juveniles. 4.The death penalty may be imposed on neither adults nor juveniles.

62 Which type of law is used to help solve disputes between people or organizations? SS.7.C civil 2.constitutional 3.criminal 4.military

63 Reporting Category 2 Roles, Rights, and Responsibilities of Citizens

64 Which is a requirement for a person to become a naturalized U.S. citizen? SS.7.C Marrying a U.S. citizen and having a child with that person. 2.Being a legal resident of the U.S. for at least five years. 3.Gaining employment in the U.S. for at least five years. 4.Reaching age eighteen while living in the U.S. capital.

65 The passage below describes a court decision. How did the court apply the 14 th Amendment to decide this case? SS.7.C To deny a native person citizenship rights does not support constitutional principles. 2.A naturalized citizen possesses all the rights of a native citizen according to the Constitution. 3.Persons born outside the U.S. are not permitted to pursue citizenship because they are unemployed. 4.Persons born outside the U.S. are not permitted to pursue citizenship

66 Below is a table of the four most populated states in the United States. Source: Immigration Policy Center How might these populations affect political campaigns? SS.7.C.2.1 State % of Naturalized Citizens from State’s Immigrant Population California46% Florida49% New York52% Texas32% 1.Candidates for governor will campaign for immigration reform in Texas. 2.Candidates for president will campaign for immigration reform in Florida. 3.Candidates for governor will campaign for naturalization reform in California. 4.Candidates for president will campaign for naturalization reform in New York.

67 The table below describes permanent resident status. Source: 2011Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (Table 1) Based on the table, what could be predicted about the impact of permanent residents on government? SS.7.C.2.1 Year Number of Persons Obtaining Permanent Resident Status in the U.S ,122, ,052, ,130, ,062,040 1.The number of persons seeking citizenship by law of soil would decline. 2.The number of persons seeking citizenship by law of blood would increase. 3.The number of persons seeking naturalization would be affected by elections for Congress. 4.The number of persons seeking naturalization would be affected by elections for governor.

68 The diagram below shows some general eligibility requirements. Which statement completes the diagram? SS.7.C Joining a Military Service 2.Obtaining a Driver’s License 3.Becoming a Naturalized Citizen 4.Receiving a Social Security Card

69 What right do citizens have? SS.7.C attending public schools 2.owning property 3.holding a job 4.voting

70 A citizen received the notification below in the mail. What civic responsibility does this notification represent? SS.7.C getting a driver's license 2.appearing for jury duty 3.paying income tax 4.registering to vote

71 Which type of service project would help promote the common good? SS.7.C planning a neighborhood recycling program 2.participating in a neighborhood party 3.completing homework on time 4.visiting public libraries

72 Which example is NOT a responsibility of citizenship? SS.7.C volunteering in the community 2.attending civic meetings 3.voting in elections 4.paying taxes

73 The image below describes a citizen obligation. Source: United States Postal Service Based on this image, what can be presumed about citizen obligations? SS.7.C Citizens support attending civic meetings. 2.Citizens support securing individual rights. 3.Citizens resist registering for selective service. 4.Citizens resist contributing to the common good.

74 The illustration below shows a legal document. Why are citizens obligated to respond to such documents? SS.7.C to guarantee court hearings remain public 2.to guarantee courts provide probable cause 3.to protect the constitutional right to be tried by one’s peers 4.to protect the constitutional right to confront one’s accuser

75 Which three rights are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights? SS.7.C freedom of speech, right to work, right to petition the government 2.right to bear arms, right to a speedy trial, right to an education 3.freedom of speech, right to bear arms, right to a speedy trial 4.right to vote, right to work, right to a speedy trial

76 The image below symbolizes a right protected by the Bill of Rights. Source: United States Postal Service What constitutional right does this image symbolize? SS.7.C speedy trial 2.trial by peers 3.legal representation 4.peaceable assembly

77 Why does the U.S. Supreme Court continue to debate the constitutionality of the death penalty? SS.7.C Citizens are protected from unreasonable search and seizure. 2.Citizens are protected from cruel and unusual punishment. 3.Citizens are protected against double jeopardy. 4.Citizens are protected against unfair trials.

78 Which constitutional principle is applied when police inform suspects of their rights? SS.7.C due process of law 2.eminent domain 3.double jeopardy 4.trial by jury

79 The statement below was made by President Dwight Eisenhower upon signing Public Law 396 in 1954 which added “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance. To anyone who truly loves America, nothing could be more inspiring than to contemplate this rededication of our youth, on each school morning, to our country's true meaning. Source: Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum Which First Amendment protections have been cited in opposition to this change? SS.7.C establishment and free exercise 2.establishment and association 3.speech and free exercise 4.association and speech

80 The statement below was made by Thomas Jefferson in a 1786 letter to John Jay.... our liberty, which cannot be guarded but by the freedom of the press... Source: Public Domain / Library of Congress Why should this freedom be guarded? SS.7.C to provide the news media with a guaranteed profit 2.to keep the news media from controlling the political process 3.to provide the government with an accurate information source 4.to keep the government from becoming the primary information source

81 Which type of law makes an act a crime after it has been committed? SS.7.C summary judgment 2.double jeopardy 3.habeas corpus 4.ex post facto

82 What is the significance of the U.S. Supreme Court opinion that words creating a “clear and present danger” are not protected by the First Amendment? SS.7.C The Constitution limits individual rights. 2.The Constitution safeguards individual rights. 3.The Constitution does not limit individual rights. 4.The Constitution does not safeguard individual rights.

83 Below is a statement from Chief Justice John Roberts. “…students do not shed their First Amendment rights at the school house gate.” Source: Morse v. Frederick (2007) Why is this statement significant? SS.7.C The Constitution limits individual rights. 2.The Constitution safeguards individual rights. 3.The Constitution does not limit individual rights. 4.The Constitution does not safeguard individual rights.

84 The statement below is from a U.S. Supreme Court decision. Source: Ex parte Milligan (1866) What constitutional safeguard does this passage describe? SS.7.C writ of certiorari 2.habeas corpus 3.ex post facto 4.stare decisis

85 The timeline below shows events related to the death penalty. What constitutional protections have resulted from these events? SS.7.C.2.5 YearEvent Several states abolish the death penalty. 1968The U.S. Supreme Court forbids jurors from being dismissed because they oppose the death penalty. 1988The U.S. Supreme Court rules the death penalty for persons 16 and under to be unconstitutional. 1994President Clinton signs a crime bill that allows expanded use of the death penalty. 1996Death penalty by hanging and by gas chamber ends. 2012Connecticut repeals the death penalty 1.Constitutional protections from cruel and unusual punishment are safeguarded while executions continue. 2.Constitutional protections from cruel and unusual punishment are limited while executions continue. 3.Constitutional protections of due process of law are safeguarded while executions continue. 4.Constitutional protections of due process of law are limited while executions continue.

86 The passage below about government is from Federalist No. 51. Source: Public Domain / Library of Congress How are the author’s views from this passage applied in the U.S. Constitution? SS.7.C The U.S. Constitution limits the rights of the people. 2.The U.S. Constitution limits the power of the federal government. 3.The U.S. Constitution requires the states to provide for the common defense. 4.The U.S. Constitution requires the government to promote the general welfare.

87 Which individual protection is found in the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution? SS.7.C privacy rights 2.property rights 3.forced internment 4.civil disobedience

88 How do citizens experience economic freedom? SS.7.C petitioning the government 2.electing representatives 3.exercising a religion 4.owning property

89 Which action represents an individual exercising a constitutional right? SS.7.C summary judgment 2.quartering soldiers 3.civil disobedience 4.double jeopardy

90 Which freedom is enumerated in the U.S. Constitution? SS.7.C assembly 2.education 3.privacy 4.travel

91 The passage below is from Executive Order 9066, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, February 19, Source: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration According to this passage, what impact does government have on the people? SS.7.C Citizens are protected from forced internment. 2.Citizens may be subjected to forced internment. 3.Citizens may be required to perform military service. 4.Citizens are protected from required military service.

92 What has been one long-term result of the constitutional protection of free speech? SS.7.C fewer court cases involving minors 2.fewer laws limiting minority rights 3.a more accurate election 4.a more informed society

93 How did the passage of the Voting Rights of 1965 impact political participation? SS.7.C All persons who passed a literacy test could now vote. 2.All children of foreign citizens could now vote. 3.All African-Americans could now vote. 4.All women could now vote.

94 The passage below describes a U.S. Supreme Court decision. In 1940, the Texas Democratic Party refused to give an African-American man a ballot to select candidates to run for Congress and governor. In finding this action unconstitutional, the U.S. Supreme Court stated “…this Court is not constrained to follow a previous decision which…, involves the application of a constitutional principle, rather than an interpretation of the Constitution to evolve the principle itself.” Source: Smith v. Allwright (1944 ) According to the passage, what did this U.S. Supreme Court decision illustrate? SS.7.C The U.S. Supreme Court expanded voting rights through Voting Rights Act interpretation. 2.The U.S. Supreme Court expanded voting rights through amendment interpretation. 3.The U.S. Supreme Court limited voting rights through amendment interpretation. 4.The U.S. Supreme Court limited voting rights through the Voting Rights Act.

95 How are 14 th Amendment due process protections related to the Civil Rights Act of 1968? SS.7.C Congress may not enact discriminatory housing statutes. 2.Congress may not enact discriminatory employment policies. 3.State legislatures may not enact discriminatory housing statutes. 4.State legislatures may not enact discriminatory employment policies.

96 The photograph below illustrates an event in U.S. history. Source: Library of Congress What was Congress’ response to the social movement symbolized in the photograph? SS.7.C decreased commerce opportunities 2.increased economic opportunities 3.increased religious opportunities 4.decreased military opportunities

97 The graph below describes voter registration in Florida among blacks and whites. Source: Adapted from Florida Division of Elections Based on the graph, what conclusion can be drawn about voter turnout in Florida since the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed? SS.7.C Voter turnout among blacks has decreased. 2.Voter turnout among whites has decreased. 3.Voter turnout among blacks has increased. 4.Voter turnout among whites has increased.

98 The newspaper below details an important step in amending the U.S. Constitution. How did the passage of this amendment to the U.S. Constitution impact the political process in the United States? SS.7.C Women were allowed to contribute to political campaigns. 2.Women were allowed to hold citizenship rights. 3.Women were allowed to hold public offices. 4.Women were allowed to vote in national elections.

99 Which principle was the focus of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Miranda v. Arizona (1966)? SS.7.C freedom of expression 2.freedom of speech 3.self-incrimination 4.right to counsel

100 Which was an outcome of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954)? SS.7.C Administrators may limit the content of student publications. 2.Public school districts that segregate deny equal protection. 3.Students have a reduced expectation of privacy in school. 4.Criminal defendants have the right to an attorney.

101 States must pay for public defenders as a result of which U.S. Supreme Court case? SS.7.C District of Columbia v. Heller (2008) 2.Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (1988) 3.Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) 4.Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

102 Which U.S. Supreme Court decision addresses the need for public schools to balance students’ rights with principals’ responsibilities? SS.7.C Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (1988) 2.Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) 3.Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) 4.Bush v. Gore (2000)

103 Juveniles accused of crimes continue to be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults as a result of which U.S. Supreme Court case? SS.7.C District of Columbia v. Heller (2008) 2.Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (1988) 3.In re Greene (1930) 4.In re Gault (1967)

104 What lessons did future U.S. leaders learn from the 1974 U.S. Supreme Court case United States v. Nixon? SS.7.C The president is accountable for obeying the law. 2.The president is responsible for enforcing the law. 3.The president is not allowed to hold secret talks with foreign governments. 4.The president is not allowed to have private meetings with cabinet members.


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