2Q: What kind of government did they have in the era of the Roman Republic? A: A Republic (Res Publica) ---The people have a role in the government ---Based on Checks and Balances ---Model for many modern countries today
3Big Unit Question: How did Rome rise to greatness and fall so quickly Big Unit Question: How did Rome rise to greatness and fall so quickly? Think: Did this government structure make Rome strong or weak? How would you (as your character) feel about this structure?
5PLEBIANS ASSEMBLY Role of Assembly PATRICIANSPLEBIANSPLEBIANS:MAJORITY OF POPULATIONSOME WEALTHY, SOME NOTPATRICIANS:WEALTHY10% OF POPULATIONASSEMBLYWho voted in the ASSEMBLY:All male citizens of military age (15) could participateAnnouncement posted about a voteMet outside in the ForumSpeeches were given, debates heldVoting was publicRole of AssemblyElected Government OfficialsVoted on laws suggested by SenatorsDeclared War or Peace
6Analyze: How might public voting affect the results Analyze: How might public voting affect the results? Who had the most power in the Assembly? If you wanted to be elected to government office, who would you have to please?
82 ConsulsRan the Government, had to agree on all decisionsServed 1 year, then not again for at least 10Had to be Patricians (this changes)Controlled the armyActed as judges in disputesMagistratesGovernment officials: judges, organized festivals, collected taxes, supervised building projects etc.Usually elected for 1 yearCould be either patrician or plebian10 TribunesElected by Plebians onlyCould attend the SenateCould veto (forbid) debated lawsASSEMBLYMAGISTRATES2 CONSULSTRIBUNES
9Analyze: How were the rights of the lower classes represented Analyze: How were the rights of the lower classes represented? How were the rights of the upper class represented? How did the Romans make sure the Consuls didn’t have too much power? If the Assembly wanted to declare war, who’s support would they need? How would people holding office for only 1 year affect the running of the government?
11Senate300 membersServed for LifeHad to be PatriciansUsually were retired magistratesChosen by the ConsulsAdvised the Consuls and the TribunesControlled the money, determined taxesCould veto laws accepted by the AssemblyMade all decisions regarding foreign powers (treaties, trade etc.)SENATEMAGISTRATES
12Analyze: How could the Senate limit the power of the Assembly Analyze: How could the Senate limit the power of the Assembly? Could the Assembly limit the power of the Senate? If the Assembly wanted to declare war and the Consuls agreed, how could the Senate keep it from happening? How would the fact that Senators served for life affect the decision making process? Why is the Senate often considered the most powerful part of the Roman government?
14Emergency DictatorIn times of emergency, consuls could appoint a ‘temporary’ dictatorThis person would serve for as long as the Consuls and Senate decided (ex: 15 days, 6 months)Dictators did not need approval for decisionsStill ‘guided’ by Senate and Consuls and AssemblyWhen the time of crisis was over, things returned to normal2 CONSULSEMERGENCYDICTATOR
15Analyze: How could the ‘emergency dictator’ rule help Rome Analyze: How could the ‘emergency dictator’ rule help Rome? How could the ‘emergency dictator rule’ hurt Rome?
16To Do: 1. Download your journal assignment sheet 2 To Do: 1. Download your journal assignment sheet 2. Download the ‘better vocabulary’ document 3. With your table, discuss the important facts of the class, type them in the fact box 4. With your group, discuss the way your characters may feel about the government structure. Try to use ‘better vocabulary’ to discuss. 5. Write your paragraph diary entry. Make references to the facts (explain them) and explain how your character feels.