Presentation on theme: "Cicero’s Speech. Q: What kind of government did they have in the era of the Roman Republic? A: A Republic ( Res Publica) --- The people have a role in."— Presentation transcript:
Q: What kind of government did they have in the era of the Roman Republic? A: A Republic ( Res Publica) --- The people have a role in the government ---Based on Checks and Balances ---Model for many modern countries today
Big Unit Question: How did Rome rise to greatness and fall so quickly? Think: Did this government structure make Rome strong or weak? How would you (as your character) feel about this structure?
PATRICIANS ASSEMBLY PLEBIANS PATRICIANS: WEALTHY 10% OF POPULATION PLEBIANS: MAJORITY OF POPULATION SOME WEALTHY, SOME NOT Who voted in the ASSEMBLY: All male citizens of military age (15) could participate Announcement posted about a vote Met outside in the Forum Speeches were given, debates held Voting was public Role of Assembly Elected Government Officials Voted on laws suggested by Senators Declared War or Peace
Analyze: How might public voting affect the results? Who had the most power in the Assembly? If you wanted to be elected to government office, who would you have to please?
ASSEMBLY TRIBUNES 2 CONSULSMAGISTRATES 10 Tribunes E lected by Plebians only Could attend the Senate Could veto (forbid) debated laws 2 Consuls Ran the Government, had to agree on all decisions Served 1 year, then not again for at least 10 Had to be Patricians (this changes) Controlled the army Acted as judges in disputes Magistrates Government officials: judges, organized festivals, collected taxes, supervised building projects etc. Usually elected for 1 year Could be either patrician or plebian
Analyze: How were the rights of the lower classes represented? How were the rights of the upper class represented? How did the Romans make sure the Consuls didn’t have too much power? If the Assembly wanted to declare war, who’s support would they need? How would people holding office for only 1 year affect the running of the government?
SENATE MAGISTRATES Senate 300 members Served for Life Had to be Patricians Usually were retired magistrates Chosen by the Consuls Advised the Consuls and the Tribunes Controlled the money, determined taxes Could veto laws accepted by the Assembly Made all decisions regarding foreign powers (treaties, trade etc.)
Analyze : How could the Senate limit the power of the Assembly? Could the Assembly limit the power of the Senate? If the Assembly wanted to declare war and the Consuls agreed, how could the Senate keep it from happening? How would the fact that Senators served for life affect the decision making process? Why is the Senate often considered the most powerful part of the Roman government?
2 CONSULS EMERGENCY DICTATOR Emergency Dictator In times of emergency, consuls could appoint a ‘temporary’ dictator This person would serve for as long as the Consuls and Senate decided (ex: 15 days, 6 months) Dictators did not need approval for decisions Still ‘guided’ by Senate and Consuls and Assembly When the time of crisis was over, things returned to normal
Analyze: How could the ‘emergency dictator’ rule help Rome? How could the ‘emergency dictator rule’ hurt Rome?
To Do: 1. Download your journal assignment sheet 2. Download the ‘better vocabulary’ document 3. With your table, discuss the important facts of the class, type them in the fact box 4. With your group, discuss the way your characters may feel about the government structure. Try to use ‘better vocabulary’ to discuss. 5. Write your paragraph diary entry. Make references to the facts (explain them) and explain how your character feels.