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Coates, Ch. 4: Resistance and Adaptation 1. Cite one example of an indigenous people that fought the newcomers. 2. Cite one example of an indigenous people.

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Presentation on theme: "Coates, Ch. 4: Resistance and Adaptation 1. Cite one example of an indigenous people that fought the newcomers. 2. Cite one example of an indigenous people."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Coates, Ch. 4: Resistance and Adaptation 1. Cite one example of an indigenous people that fought the newcomers. 2. Cite one example of an indigenous people that co-existed with nonviolent occupiers 3. How did natives adapt to the outsiders? 4. Why is it so hard to understand that indigenous people adapted and changed?

3  1. Fought newcomers: Jarawas, Arawaks in Caribbean, Tribal peoples of Africa, Aztecs, Maori, Ainu, Pequot, Shawnee, Seminoles, Apache, Comanche, Cheyenne, Nez Perce, Sioux (Lakota), Mapuche, Zulu, Tehuelche, Puelche, Warlpiri of Australia.  2. Coexisted with occupiers: Beothuk, Besho, Ainu, Maori, Metis  3. Adaptation? Responses…  4. Difficulty in understanding…

4  Reasons for creation?  Examples of empires?  Logic of Empire?  How do Empires influence cultures?  Internal vs. External  Maintenance of an empire: day to day function

5  After Yuan dynasty collapsed, Ming dyn. ( ) restored native rule  Hongwu, founder of Ming, drove Mongols out of China, centralized state  1421 capital from Nanjing south to Beijing, closer watch on Mongols  Great Wall immense Project: started BCE  Later emperors expanded the long defensive wall along northern border  Entire wall with all of its branches measures 21,196 km (13,171 mi)

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9  Great Wall took one thousand years to build at a huge cost to human life and the treasury.  Led to bankruptcy and failed to keep out northern “barbarians”anyway  What alternatives to this project might there have been?  Jigsaw exercise to determine a viable alternative to the wall; attendance

10  Assign four roles  Emperor: blue  Military: orange  Peasant/worker: green  Merchant: yellow

11  Meet with fellow roles by number What was your role in building the wall? How did the wall influence your group?  Create Great Wall Imperial Evaluation Teams One Person from each of four groups (One color in each group) Assignment: Given ultimate failure of the wall in keeping out the Mongols (Chingis Khan beginning of 13th century; Manchurians) What alternatives might China have implemented? Write a paragraph with the solution devised by your team. Put names on your paper. (Attendance) One paper per group

12  Ming emperors extravagant lives in Forbidden City, ignored government  Ming first turned inward, away from overseas commerce, forbid travel abroad  Emperor Yongle organized vast encyclopedia  Late Ming: 7 massive maritime expeditions ( )  Spread of Chinese culture through Asia

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17  What happens when state denies native pop.?  Mongolia: dominant population based in a mobile, pastoral lifestyle: Indigenous?  The Miao People of southwest China  See next slide for details

18  Miao People of Guizhou, Yunnan, Hunan, Sichuan, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region SW China  Mountainous, villages. Pop. 8,940,116  Paddy rice, maize, potatoes, sorghum, beans  tobacco, sugar cane  Large-scale migrations: wide dispertions  Miao language: 3 main dialects  Linen jackets colorful designs  Small, monogamous familes arranged marriages Miao Sister Festival

19  1640s Manchu invaders plus rebels, Ming Empire collapsed  SG: Why do empires collapse?

20  Qing Empire  Manchus poured into China, new dynasty: Quing (pure)  Manchurian chief Nurhaci ( ) united tribes  By 1680s consolidated dynasty throughout China  Preserved cultural, ethnic identity, depreciated Chinese people  2 effective emperors: Kangxi ( ) and Quianlong ( )

21  Kangxi, Intellectual prodigy, warrior, interested science  Quianlong: learned man. Long, stable and prosperous reign, $ grew  Tightly centralized state, same structure as Ming  Success of Qing in conquest and trade, caused admiration in Europe

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24  Ming and Qing succeeded restore traditional ways: hierarchy, patriarchy  Conservative social structure  Patrilineal descent and grouped in clans, patriarchal society  Spanish American crops: corn, sweet pot, peanuts: boosted population  100 million in 1500 to 160 mill in 1600, 225 mill by 1750  Early Qing dyn. global trade: tremendous prosperity  Silk, porcelain, lacquerware, tea: tight government regulation  Chinese Society highly stratified  Scholar bureaucrats, commoners, military forces and mean people

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26  Cultural Changes and Empires in China


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