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An Introduction to Linguistics

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1 An Introduction to Linguistics

2 Language and Linguistics Language is primarily Speech (bahasa pada dasarnya adalah tuturan) Language is a set of habits (bahasa adalah seperangkat kebiasaan) Every Language is unique (Setiap bahasa adalah khas-unik) The creative aspects of language use ( Aspek kreatif dari penggunaan bahasa )

3 Linguistics The Study of Language (Bloomfield, 1935:1) Scientific Study of Language Empiric : sense-data (data indrawi) and observable There is nothing in the mind that was not first in the sense. The Object of Linguistics Ferdinand De Saussure “Course in General Linguistics”Ferdinand De Saussure “Course in General Linguistics”

4 Place of Language in The Facts of Speech

5 Semiotic Circuit

6 Langue, parole, langage langue - language the formal system of grammar (code) ‘bahasa masyarakat tertentu’ parole - speech/talking (writing) the realization of langue in actual talk “Penggunaan bahasa seseorang individu” langage - language/speech the overall phenomenon of which langue and parole are subparts ‘bahasa manusia pd umumnya’

7 Langue, parole, langage langue – Dialek (dialect) ‘bahasa yg didalamnya pendengar dapat memahami penuh apa yg dituturkan’ parole – Idiolek (Idiolect)kebiasaan bicara ‘seseorang sehingga dapat dikenali siapakah dia’ langage – language Tingkat atas atau superstratum dari dialek-dialek

8 Arbitrary Signs

9 Grammar in The Mind of Native Speakers


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