Presentation on theme: "NOTES #7 MR. BARCHETTO Hitler’s Blitz of the West."— Presentation transcript:
NOTES #7 MR. BARCHETTO Hitler’s Blitz of the West
The Onslaught Begins…9/1/1939 WWI v. WWII The biggest difference speed WWI is a very stationary war, revolving around one major front, with trenches being the dominate feature. World War II is a war of movement, fast sweeping action with mechanized armies, supported by airplanes that strike deep into enemy territory. Blitzkrieg is German for “Lightning War”, which describes new strategies of fast moving war.
Invasion of France German parachutists dropped from skies into the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Belgium Dunkirk- British rescue 338,000 allied troops France surrenders to Germany and France is divided…significance of armistice signing?
Great Britain is Attacked Britain was the last country in Europe still hold out against Hitler. Winston Churchill’s- “Dunkirk’s Speech” anticipating Hitler’s invasion.
Stage 1- Royal Air Force 1,200 German Fighter Jet 1,300 German Luftwaffe Bombers RAF had 700 fighter Jets and 1400 pilots Stage 2- Seaborne Invasion For six months German & British air forces would collide in the biggest air battle during WWII British Success based on two major advantages… 1. Electronic tracking system-Aka- “The Radar” allowed British to determine the number, direction and speed of incoming German Planes 2. Decoding Machine: ULTRA, allowed the British to crack German Codes. Sea Lion is a FAILURE Germany Attacks Britain Ignoring advice of generals Hitler decides to invade Britain during the summer of Operation Sea Lion: Stage 1- Knock out Britain’s defenses (RAF) Stage 2- Seaborne Invasion
United States Neutrality to War FDR, Foreign Policy WWI- Nye Committee- This committee was formed by Senator Gerald Nye of North Dakota. Concludes in 1934 that main reason for participation in WWI was to guarantee Allied payments. 3 Neutrality Acts: President to prohibit all arms shipments and to forbid US citizens to travel on the ships of belligerent nations. Forbid the extension of loans and credits to belligerents. Forbid the shipment of arms to the opposing sides in the civil war in Spain. By 1939 thanks to the radio broadcasts of Edward R. Murrow, which brought the reality of the war into American homes, heightened the growing public debate about America’s role in WWII
FDR, Foreign Policy By 1939 FDR knows Allies need help but he also understands that most Americans are very hesitant about going to war in Europe. Over the next 3 years FDR will support Allied war effort while walking a very fine line. United States Neutrality to War /9/39- FDR speaks about war Cash and Carry 9/21/39 -belligerent could buy US arms if it used own ships + paid cash Destroyers-for-Bases Deal 9/2/40- Traded Britain 50 destroyers (old) for military bases in the Caribbean. Selective Service Act 9/16/40- Allowed govt. to enlist men b/t 21 & 35 usually done during a war
Tricky situation!! By 1940 FDR realized he needed to prepare America for war but first he needed to gain the support of the American public. 12/29/40-Fireside #16 4 Freedoms (Jan. 6, 1941)- 1. Freedom of Speech 2. Freedom of religion 3. Freedom from want 4. Freedom from fear Lend-Lease Act (Mar. 1941)- 3/11/41 Lent to Britain military supplies on credit Atlantic Charter (1941)- August 1941 Meeting between Churchill & Roosevelt; Charter stated the ideal goals of the war & post war. Shoot-on-Sight (Jul. 1941)- Protect Britain ships w/ lend-lease supplies shoot any German U-boats on sight. FDR, Foreign Policy 1941 United States Neutrality to War 1941
Hitler Invades the Soviet Union Operation Barbarossa: Objective: Soviet Union was tempting prize; it provided much needed living space and mineral resources Step 1: take over Balkans; by the end of 1941 Balkans were in the hands of Hitler. Step 2: Invasion of Soviet Union; June 22, 1941 Leningrad in the North Moscow in the Center Ukraine in the South The Battle of Moscow =related =related