Presentation on theme: "मुझको बनारस पसंद है। Hindi 1: Lecture 5a. सेब खाओ seb khāo eat the apple You will get a card when you come in. Some people will get a picture, some a."— Presentation transcript:
सेब खाओ seb khāo eat the apple You will get a card when you come in. Some people will get a picture, some a verb. Move around the class room trying to find a verb and image that match when you make a command, as in the example above. Then sit down and write out the sentence
हिन्दी पढ़ना आसान है Reading Hindi is easy Infinitives of verbs in Hindi have a sense similar to: ‘to verb’ or ‘verb-ing’, हिन्दी बोलना आसान है Speaking Hindi is easy बस में खाना खाना मना है Eating in the bus is forbidden
- ट्रेन में मना है – is forbidden in the train Can you match the sign to the Hindi? बिल्ली मना है कुत्ता मना है चिड़िया मना है डुरिअन मना है खाना खाना और चाय पीना मना है सिग्रेट पीना मना है
बड़े भाई साहब Work in small groups Select a bossy big brother or sister Group members mime doing actions, from those we already know verbs for, and the bossy big brother has to forbid it. When big brother can’t find the Hindi to forbid something the next person become big brother. Take notes, be prepared to perform to class.
मुझको हिन्दी पसंद है I like Hindi This construction literally means: to-me Hindi liked is नहीं before the verb means ‘don’t like’ –हमको काम पसंद नहीं है। We don’t like work. –You can drop the final है if you are not being emphatic –मुझको कोक पसंद नहीं । ‘don’t like coke’. नहीं before पसंद add emphasis ‘do not like’ –हमको परीक्षाएँ पसंद नहीं हैं। We do not like examinations.
आपको पसंद है? मुझको पसंद नहीं Work in pairs, each write down a list of five things you like and five you dislike. Then tell each other what you like and dislike. Each time you tell your partner something they contradict it. You say मुझको चाय पसंद है। They say मुझको चाय पसंद नहीं है। Then they might say मुझको काफ़ी पसंद है। and you say you don’t etc.
मुझे फ़िल्मी गाने अच्छे लगते हैं I like film songs अच्छा लगना instead of पसंद carries a similar sense of ‘like’, ‘enjoy’ or ‘feel good’. The phrase अच्छा लगना needs to agree with the thing liked and takes three forms अच्छा लगता for masculine singular things अच्छे लगते for masculine plural thing अच्छी लगती for feminine singular and plural infinitives are treated like masculine nouns
मुझे क्रिकट खेलना अच्छा लगता है I enjoy playing cricket Work in small groups Each person write three things you like doing on slips of paper, such as that above Then put the slips in the middle A random player picks a slip and has to stand up and mime the action The person who correctly says that the person enjoys doing the action takes the next slip.
चाय ठण्डी थी The tea was cold The Hindi words for was and were agree with the gender and number of what they relate to, there are four forms: था – पानी ठण्डा था The water was cold थे - समोसे ठण्डे थे The samosas were cold थी - चाय ठण्डी थी The tea was cold थीं – जलेबियाँ ठण्डी थीं The jalebis were cold This is the past tense of होना i.e. है हैं
उस रेस्तराँ में खाना ठण्डा था The food was cold in that restaurant Form small groups Imagine you have been to a bad restaurant, and give it a name. Each of you write down three things which were bad on the format above Compare your sentences, get rid of any duplicates, and mistakes you can see. Be prepared to tell us about your restaurant.
पहला pahlā: first, etc. (ordinal numbers) पहलाpahlāfirst दूसराdūsrāsecond तीसराtīsrāthird चौथाcauthāfourth पाँचवाँpā̃cvā̃fifth छठाchaṭhāsixth सातवाँsātvā̃seventh आठवाँāṭhvā̃eighth नवाँnavā̃ninth दसवाँdasvā̃tenth
मैं पहले साल में हूँ I am in the first year Divide into small groups, work out: How to say who is in what year मैं पहले साल में हूँ I am in the first year Whose house is on what floor/storey? मेरा घर चौथी मंज़िल पर है My home is on the fourth storey यह मेरी नवीं कक्षा है This is my ninth class Be prepared to share with the class Note: Ordinal numbers are like adjectives