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The Spanish-American War Target: I can explain what caused, and the results of, the Spanish-American War.

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Presentation on theme: "The Spanish-American War Target: I can explain what caused, and the results of, the Spanish-American War."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Spanish-American War Target: I can explain what caused, and the results of, the Spanish-American War

2 A) Expansionists wanted to claim Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines away from Spain

3 1. Cuba revolted against Spain in 1895 and Spain placed all Cubans into camps and put the revolt down, killing 200,0001. Cuba revolted against Spain in 1895 and Spain placed all Cubans into camps and put the revolt down, killing 200,000

4 A) Expansionists wanted to claim Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines away from Spain 1. Cuba revolted against Spain in 1895 and Spain placed all Cubans into camps and put the revolt down, killing 200,0001. Cuba revolted against Spain in 1895 and Spain placed all Cubans into camps and put the revolt down, killing 200, The US newspapers told of the horrible stories (some true, some not)2. The US newspapers told of the horrible stories (some true, some not)

5 A) Expansionists wanted to claim Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines away from Spain 1. Cuba revolted against Spain in 1895 and Spain placed all Cubans into camps and put the revolt down, killing 200,0001. Cuba revolted against Spain in 1895 and Spain placed all Cubans into camps and put the revolt down, killing 200, The US newspapers told of the horrible stories (some true, some not)2. The US newspapers told of the horrible stories (some true, some not) –a. Yellow journalism- writing stories in order to sell newspapers

6 B) It appeared that the US would stay out of Cuba

7 1. However on Feb. 15 th, 1898 the USS Maine mysteriously exploded in Havana Harbor1. However on Feb. 15 th, 1898 the USS Maine mysteriously exploded in Havana Harbor

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9 B) It appeared that the US would stay out of Cuba 1. However on Feb. 15 th, 1898 the USS Maine mysteriously exploded in Havana Harbor1. However on Feb. 15 th, 1898 the USS Maine mysteriously exploded in Havana Harbor 2. The papers blamed the Spanish and “Remember the Maine!” caught on2. The papers blamed the Spanish and “Remember the Maine!” caught on

10 C) Bowing to pressure from the public and Congress, Pres. McKinley declared war on Spain

11 1. He wanted the withdrawal of all Spanish troops, and guaranteed Cuba’s independence with the Teller Amendment that forbid annexing Cuba1. He wanted the withdrawal of all Spanish troops, and guaranteed Cuba’s independence with the Teller Amendment that forbid annexing Cuba

12 C) Bowing to pressure from the public and Congress, Pres. McKinley declared war on Spain 1. He wanted the withdrawal of all Spanish troops, and guaranteed Cuba’s independence with the Teller Amendment that forbid annexing Cuba1. He wanted the withdrawal of all Spanish troops, and guaranteed Cuba’s independence with the Teller Amendment that forbid annexing Cuba 2. The war actually started in the Philippines when with one attack the US Navy sunk the entire Pacific Fleet of Spain at Manila Bay2. The war actually started in the Philippines when with one attack the US Navy sunk the entire Pacific Fleet of Spain at Manila Bay

13 C) Bowing to pressure from the public and Congress, Pres. McKinley declared war on Spain 2. The war actually started in the Philippines when with one attack the US Navy sunk the entire Pacific Fleet of Spain at Manila Bay2. The war actually started in the Philippines when with one attack the US Navy sunk the entire Pacific Fleet of Spain at Manila Bay –a. The US Senate annexed Hawaii to use it as a Navy base halfway to the Philippines

14 C) Bowing to pressure from the public and Congress, Pres. McKinley declared war on Spain a. The US Senate annexed Hawaii to use it as a Navy base halfway to the Philippines 3. In Cuba, the Spanish fleet was blockaded in a harbor allowing the Army to enter Cuba freely3. In Cuba, the Spanish fleet was blockaded in a harbor allowing the Army to enter Cuba freely

15 D) The Unprepared US Army

16 1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service

17 D) The Unprepared US Army 1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service 2. However, the US was not ready2. However, the US was not ready

18 D) The Unprepared US Army 1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service 2. However, the US was not ready2. However, the US was not ready –a. Did not have enough guns, tents, blankets

19 D) The Unprepared US Army 1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service 2. However, the US was not ready2. However, the US was not ready –a. Did not have enough guns, tents, blankets –b. Uniforms were made of heavy wool (tropics)

20 D) The Unprepared US Army 1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service1. Many men rushed to volunteer for service 2. However, the US was not ready2. However, the US was not ready –a. Did not have enough guns, tents, blankets –b. Uniforms were made of heavy wool (tropics) –c. Food was left over rations from Civil War

21 D) The Unprepared US Army 3. In the end, 5,462 men lost their life3. In the end, 5,462 men lost their life

22 D) The Unprepared US Army 3. In the end, 5,462 men lost their life3. In the end, 5,462 men lost their life –a. Only 379 were combat related

23 E) The Rough Riders

24 1. Group of American men who came from all walks of life who enlisted to fight1. Group of American men who came from all walks of life who enlisted to fight

25 E) The Rough Riders 1. Group of American men who came from all walks of life who enlisted to fight1. Group of American men who came from all walks of life who enlisted to fight 2. Teddy quit his job in the naval dept. to join2. Teddy quit his job in the naval dept. to join

26 E) The Rough Riders 1. Group of American men who came from all walks of life who enlisted to fight1. Group of American men who came from all walks of life who enlisted to fight 2. Teddy quit his job in the naval dept. to join2. Teddy quit his job in the naval dept. to join 3. Supposedly this group led the charge up San Juan Hill which gave the US sure victory3. Supposedly this group led the charge up San Juan Hill which gave the US sure victory

27 F) End of the War

28 1. Fighting only lasted 4 months and in the end Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines1. Fighting only lasted 4 months and in the end Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines

29 F) End of the War 1. Fighting only lasted 4 months and in the end Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines1. Fighting only lasted 4 months and in the end Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines 2. Decisions on what to do with lands2. Decisions on what to do with lands

30 F) End of the War 1. Fighting only lasted 4 months and in the end Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines1. Fighting only lasted 4 months and in the end Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines 2. Decisions on what to do with lands2. Decisions on what to do with lands –a. Philippines (after much fighting)- would eventually be granted independence

31 F) End of the War 1. Fighting only lasted 4 months and in the end Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines1. Fighting only lasted 4 months and in the end Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines 2. Decisions on what to do with lands2. Decisions on what to do with lands –a. Philippines (after much fighting)- would eventually be granted independence –b. Puerto Rico- gave them citizenship and became common wealth of US

32 F) End of the War 2. Decisions on what to do with lands2. Decisions on what to do with lands –a. Philippines (after much fighting)- would eventually be granted independence –b. Puerto Rico- gave them citizenship and became common wealth of US –c. Cuba- US is a protectorate of Cuba, they are independent, but US has right to step in and aid


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