Presentation on theme: "! What you should know ! 1.) EXPLAIN why the Thirteen Colonies upset with England? 2.) Whose ideas on government did many Americans begin to study? 3.)"— Presentation transcript:
! What you should know ! 1.) EXPLAIN why the Thirteen Colonies upset with England? 2.) Whose ideas on government did many Americans begin to study? 3.) ANALYZE -- Could the American Revolution have been avoided?
King George III Absolute Monarch of England
There was a British v.s. French RIVALRY!!!! Britain fought various wars against France. The French and Indian War of / or also called the The Seven Years War
Blue Claimed by France Red Claimed by England
Used Americans to fight his wars and pay for them…. How?? TAXES
Timeline of events Acts of Parliament ( ) American boycott British goods
Taxes Imposed on the Colonialists Proclamation Act (1763)- No expansion pass App. Mount. Sugar Act (1764)- caused sugar imports to be expensive Stamp Act (1765)- documents/ communications taxed Townshend Acts (1767)- taxed paper/ glass, tea British Troops Land in Boston (1768)- contact between colonists/troops caused probs Intolerable Acts (1770)- Punishment for Boston Tea Party/Right to quarter soldiers in colonies
British send troops to Boston During their stay some will fire shots into a crowd Boston throws tea over board (Tea Party) British close Boston (Intolerable Act)
“Taxation w/o Representation” Colonists felt their rights were being violated Taxed w/o representation in Parliament
Patrick Henry echoed statements of John Locke Ideas about Life, Liberty, and Property
It is in vain, sir, to extentuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace--but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!"
July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson spoke of unalienable rights (could not be taken away)
Ideas of Decl. of Indep. Many of the ideas were based on the Enlightenment thinkers
American/Enlightenment Connections Against rule by a monarch Popular Sovereignty Basic freedoms of man
Declaration of Independence Constitution Bill of Rights Writings inspired by Philosophes
! What you should know ! 1.) EXPLAIN why were the Thirteen Colonies upset with England 2.) Whose ideas on government did many Americans start to study? 3.) ANALYZE -- Could the American Revolution have been avoided?