Presentation on theme: "Unit 7 Sports. Communication Do you like sports? What sports event are you good at? How do you like the Olympics? What do you know about the Olympics?"— Presentation transcript:
Background The origin of Olympics Pierre de Coubertin ( 顾拜旦）
The Olympic Games Olive wreaths Olympic Oath IOC Olympic Spirit Olympic Motto Olympic Torch Olympic Flag
New Words host n. hostess n. Mr. Brown was our host at the party. a host country include v. including prep. The United kingdom includes Northern Ireland and Wales. The band played many songs, including some of my favorites.
ceremony n. the graduation ceremony a wedding ceremony the opening /closing ceremony The marriage ceremony took place in the church. race n. v. relay race the white races to race with sb. I'll race you to that tree.
length n. long adj. the length of a novel the length of a journey/road the length of a meeting length of (sb.'s) days [life] champion n. a chess champion The heavyweight(boxing) champion of the world.
event n. the chief event of 2003 field and track events add v. to add more hot water Add a few more names of workers to the list. Add up these figures, please.
forbid v. Smoking is forbidden in the concert hall. The storm forbids us to go out. Parking forbidden ! Cameras are forbidden! Children are forbidden from entering the room. ancient adj. an ancient city ancient history ancient civilizations
conquer v. The Normans conquered England in 1066. She has conquered the hearts of many men. I finally conquered my fear of heights. You must conquered your fear of driving. arrival n. arrive v. Cheers greeted the arrival of the Queen. On your arrival at the hotel please give me a call. arrive at/in
compete v. competition n. competitive adj. to compete with others for a prize to compete with other countries for world market Five children competed in the race. ray n. the sun's rays a ray of hope X-ray examination
symbolize v. She painted a red disc with rays coming from it, symbolizing the sun. The poet has symbolized his lover with a flower. ideal n. adj. He finds it hard to live up to his ideals. ideal weather for a holiday in an ideal world This job is ideal — it's exactly what I want.
unite v. unite two families by marriage It was the common interests that unite our two countries. The threat of war has united the country behind its leaders. We must unite to fight the disease--- bird flu.
Phrases on one's own She lives on her own. Traveling on my own, I can decide when to start on my way and where to linger a little longer.
Text over= more than Fifteen hundred years were to pass before the Olympics would be born again. =The Olympics couldn ’ t be held then until fifteen hundred years later. all around the world = all over the world = throughout the world
one after the other= one after another a number of + CN We saw a number of students in the parade. participate in = take part in participate in a discussion participate in sports events
限定性和非限定性 关系代词 who whom 人 主语 宾语 whose +n. 人 定语 which 物 主语 宾语 that 人, 物 主语 宾语
The man who is standing by the gate is our physics teacher. The man whom I am looking for is the dean of studies. This is the apartment which(that) was built last year. The letter(that/which) I received yesterday was from a friend of mine.
The girl whose name is Lucy is from America. The house whose windows are broken is unoccupied. The famous writer and his works that the radio broadcast have aroused great interest among the students. The house which is old belongs to my brother. This is the house which I lived.
介词 +whom/which It is useful to be able to predict the extent to which a price change will affect supply and demand. Do you know the woman from whom he purchased the journal? The young man with whom she went to the cinema last night is her boyfriend.
that That ’ s all I have to say on the question. Is there anything I can do for you? The first thing we should do is to work out a plan. The last country we visited was France. This is one of the most exciting games I have ever watched. It was the finest art exhibition we ever saw. That ’ s the only thing we can do now.
关系副词 where,when,why Let ’ s think of a situation where this idiom can be used. I ’ ll never forget the days when I worked with the peasants in the countryside. Could you tell me the reason why you came late?
I ’ ll never forget the day on which (when)I came here. Is it 1990 in which (when) you joined the army? This is the room in which (where) we had a meeting this morning. Please tell me the reason for which(why) you gave up the idea.
其他 He put all the blame on us, which I thought was very unfair. She ’ s not on the phone, which makes it difficult to get in touch with her. Children should only read such books as are recommended to them by their elders.
as,which 在定语从句中 She was not unconscious, as could be judged from her eyes. As could be expected, he opposed the idea. I have the same trouble as you (have). I feel just the same as you do. She was very patient towards the children, which her husband seldom was. They have invited me to visit their country, which is very kind of them.
时间状语从句 when, while, as ， after, before, till, until,since, no sooner … than, I will tell him the news when I see him. He was doing some shopping when I met him. I will call you as soon as I get there. No sooner had I entered the room than it began to rain.
every time, the moment, the first time, next time Every time I catch cold, I have pain in my back. Stormy applause broke forth the moment she appeared on the stage. He had impressed me that way the first time I met him. Be sure to call on us next time you come to visit our country.
原因状语从句 because, as, since (for), now (that), seeing (that) Because a heavy snow was falling, I didn ’ t go to see him. The day breaks, for the birds are singing. ( 表推测） As I am about to start a journey, I shall not be able to begin the work before I return. Since you say so, I suppose it ’ s true. Since everyone is here, let ’ s begin our meeting.
Now (that) you are old enough to judge things, you should start your own career. Seeing (that) she was badly ill, they sent for a doctor.
地点状语从句 where, wherever, everywhere You should put the book where it was. I will go wherever you ask me to. You can meet kind people everywhere you go.
结果状语从句 so +adj./adv. +that so+ adj.+a(an) + n.+that so +adj.+n.(pl.) so +adj.+UN. such+a(an)+adj.+n.+ that
The wind is so strong that we could hardly move forward. It was so hot a day that even the crops withered. He had so many things to do that he was busy all day long. He made such an inspiring speech that everybody got excited. He ran so fast that nobody could catch up with him. I got up late today, so that I missed the bus.
比较状语从句 as … as, the same as, such as, than not so … as She dances as gracefully as her sister. My watch is not the same as yours. Jack doesn ’ t work so hard as Tim. I know you better than him. I am taller than you (are).
条件状语从句 as(so) long as, unless, if If it rains tomorrow, we won ’ t go there. Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. Unless you have a good command of English grammar, you won ’ t write good English.
provided,providing, on condition that, supposing, suppose that, in case, only if I will come, provided I am well enough. I will go, providing (provided that) my expenses are paid. We ’ ll let you use the room on condition that (provided that) you keep it clean and tidy. In case John comes, please tell him to wait. Supposing, (suppose that) I don ’ t have a day off, what shall we do? If only it would stop raining.
目的状语从句 so that, in order that, in case, lest, for fear that I work hard so that I can make more money. I emphasized it again and again, lest she (should) forget. Take a hat with you in case the sun is very hot. They hid themselves behind some bushes for fear that(in case ) the enemy (should) find them.
让步状语从句 although, though, even if/though, if Although she has a lot of money, yet(still, nevertheless) she is unhappy. Although we had not seen for twenty years, I recognized him the minute I saw him. You mustn ’ t be conceited even if you ’ ve achieved great successes. If he is poor, he is very honest. If we break, we can benefit from our failure.
wherever, whenever, whoever, whatever, whichever, however= no matter where(when, who, what, which, how ) Wherever you go, do remember you are Chinese. Whatever you say, he has his own idea. The business would be a success, whoever owned it. However imperfect the book may be, it is the fruits of her ten years ’ toil. No matter how busy she is, she listens to the music for an hour every day. No matter whether it snows or not, I shall start on the journey.
as Some members of the staff couldn ’ t handle Murray ’ s condition, hard as they tried. Small as it was, the army had great fighting capacity. Try as I might, I couldn ’ t lift the stone. Late as it was, they continued to work. Whether he is rich or poor, I will marry him. Much as I admire his courage, I don ’ t think he acted wisely.
方式状语从句 as if, as though, as, just as, according as It looks as if (though) it is going to rain. He treats me as if I were a stranger. Foreigners don ’ t greet each other as Chinese do. You must do as your teacher told you. They watched her closely as a cat watches a rat.